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51 terms

First Aid/CPR Test Review

STUDY
PLAY
How to open airways
Head tilt chin lift
Signs of breathing
Look listen feel
If unresponsive but breathing, place in
recovery position
Stop CPR when (3)
EMS arrives, victim is responsive, you are too tired to continue
When do you check for an obstructed airway?
before each breath
Initial check:
Responsiveness, airways, breathing, severe bleeding
Leading causes of choking
food, small toys, coins
Why do you survey the scene?
to decide whether or not to help and how
examples of PPE
barrier device, gloves, masks, goggles
where are chest compressions on an adult?
Center of chest
Where are chest compressions on a child?
center of chest
Where are chest compressions on an infant?
Just below center of chest
What do you use for compressions on an adult?
2 hands
What do you use for compressions on a child?
1 or 2 hands
What do you use for compressions on an infant
2 fingers
How far do the chest compressions go on an adult?
1.5-2 inches
How far do the chest compressions go on a child
1/3-1/2 depth of the chest
How far do the chest compressions go on an infant
1/3-1/2 depth of the chest
What is the alternate to the heimlich for an infant?
Back blows and chest thrusts
What is the purpose of the initial check?
to see if the victim's condition is life-threatening
Steps to control bleeding
Pressure, elevation, pressure points
anaphylaxis
severe allergic reaction usually caused by medications, foods, insect stings, or plants
Amputated parts should be kept (3)
Cool, clean, and dry
The purpose of a dressing is to
absorb blood and cover a wound
The purpose of a bandage is to
apply pressure and hold the dressing in place
the firsts step to treating a heat burn is to
get away form the heat source
caer for a nosebleed
tilt head forward and pinch soft part of the nose
When should you remove impaled objects?
NEVER
splinting technique main points
stabilize, immonilize, go ot joint above and below, leave in position found
do not apply ice to
snake bites
if you suspect a spine injury, you should
immobilize the victim
when should you use rescue moves?
to get the victim out of a dangerous area
are you analyzing the heart rhythm when using the AED?
yes
ratio of shocks to CPR
1:2
can you use an AED on a lightning strike victim?
yes
who can you not use an AED on?
victims under one
Why should you keep AED records?
it protects you from being sued
Skin must be (in order to use an AED)
clean and dry
is the AED operator responsible fo rinterpreting the heart rhythm?
No
After no more shocks are needed, what should you do?
Continue CPR
V-fib
chaotic heartbeat
V-tach
heart beats too fast
Survival rate decreases ____________ for every minute of not using an AED
7-10%
will an AED shock every electrical disturbanc ein the heart?
No
AED card stores what information
EKGG, how many shocks, amount of energy
Signs of heart attack
Radiating pressure, squeezing, or pain
Signs of stroke
weakness, numbness, bad vision, speaking issues
care for seziures
move away form dangerous objects, roll into recovery position
signs of low blood sugar:
hunger, trembling, pale skin, confusion, bad temper
signs of high blood sugar
drowsiness, thirst, breath odor
care for ingested poisons
find out information, call 800-222-1222, give activated charcoal