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111 terms

cpr/first aid

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cells, tissues, organs
form various body systems
oxygen, airway, lungs
respiratory system
10-20
how many times do you breathe per minute?
rise and fall of chest
breathing is observed by?
respiratory and circulatory systems
make up cardiovascular system
cardiovascular system
carries oxygen to every cell in the body
arteries, veins
blood leaves the heart through what? enters the heart through?
heart and lungs
main organs of cardiovascular system
60-80 bpm
average american pulse
heart, blood, arteries, veins
4 components of circulatory system
nervous system
includes brain and spinal cord and network of nerves
brain
controls every function in the body
sensory, motor, memory, emotion, use of language
5 things brain controls
lungs,oxygen,cells, die, brain, fail
______, if they stop working _______ will not reach the _____, cells will ___, heart, ____ and other body systems will ____
shock
the inability of the circulatory system to provide oxygenated blood to all parts of the body
ask permission
what must you always do before you help someone? especially children?
help, life
remember, you can always do something to _____.your action may even save a ___
check scene for safety, check for any life threatening conditions, if the person is talking you know they are concious, breathing and have a pulse
checking concious adult (3)
head to toe
checkin adult
toe to head
checkin child
call 911
what do you do if you are not sure of a person condition
blood borne pathogens
what must you protect yourself from when giving care?
blood borne pathogens
bacteria and viruses present in blood and body fluids that can cause diseases in humars
hepatitis b, hepatitis c, hiv
diseases of primary concern when giving care
hepatitis b, hepatitis c, hiv
spread primarily from direct of indirect contanct with infected blood or other body fluids
gloves, mask, gowns, breathing mask, hand washing
standard percautions(5)
always get consent from a parent before giving care, position yourself at their level, tell them what you are going to do before you do it, move from toe to head
checking a concious child 4
airway, breathing (look, listen feel), circulation(pulse)
abc's
check scene for safety, check if victim is concious, if not concious call 911, establish airway head tilt chin lift, look, listen and feel, check pulse at carotid for 10 seconds, check for bleeding
checking unconcious adult, child, and infant
gently roll the victim over keeping neck and back in straight line
what do you do if the victim is on their stomach?
irregular breaths shallow or gasping
what do you not confuse with regular breathing?
breaths and head tilt
what uses less force with a child?
brachial, little
where do you check an infants pulse? how much head tilt?
rescue breathing
if a victim has a pulse and is not breathing, you use
1 breath every 5 seconds
how many breaths for adult?
adults
who has most severe head tilt
rises slowly
give breaths so chest...
2 minutes
how long do you give breaths for?
25
how many breaths for adult?
1 breath every 3 seconds
how many breaths for child and infant?
check pulse for 10 seconds
what do you do after 2 minutes of rescue breathing?
cover both nose and mouth
what is different with an infant during breathing?/
too tired, more advanced personnel, scene becomes unsafe, start breathing on own
4 reasons to quit rescue breathing
noisy or painful breathing, change in skin color, unusually deep or shallow breathing
signals of breathing emergency 3
agonal breathing
unusually deep or shallow breathing
encourage coughing, ask if they are choking or can speak, do 5 back blows, followed by 5 abdominal thrusts
steps for concious choking adult, child, or infant
hand grasp at throat
universal choking sign
height and force of thrusts
for choking, what do you adjust for a child
place on forearm, place head below chest,. give 5 back blows between shoulder blades, flip over onto other forearm and give chest thrusts using 2 or 3 fingers,
consious choking infant
xyphoid process
be careful of this when treating concious choking infant
always get consent
before helping a concious choking victim,
give chest thrusts
pregnent or too large to put arms around, (choking)
first 2 breaths, reltilt head, if the air doesnt go in there is an obstruction, give 5 chest thrusts, no object give breaths, if object sweep with index finger, pinky for child and infant
unconcious choking victim
less force, 1 to 1.5 inches, pinky finger sweep
child unconcious choking
.5 to 1 inch, 2 or 3 fingers, pinky finger sweep
infand unconcious choking
adjust position slightly higher
pregnent unconcious choking
breaths make chest rise, victim starts breathing on own, trained rescuer takes over
continue care on unconcious choking victim until...
denial rationalization
most common reaction for heart attack
call 911
best thing you can do when some has a heart attack
women
dont always get chest pain before heart attack
chest pain, arm pain, jaw pain, nausea, trouble breathing, back pain, profuse sweating
7 symptoms of a heart attack
nitro-glycerine
med given to people for heart pain, vasodialator
family history
very important in heart problems
heart disease
most common reason for an adult's heart to stop beating
30 compressions, 2 breaths
cpr for adult child infant
1.5-2 inches
how much should you compress the chest during cpr?
100
how many compressions per minute?
18 seconds
how long does it take to do 30 comp
five
how many cycles of cpr do you do before checking pulse?
less head tilt, 1-1.5 inches, force of breath less, use one hand
child differences during cpr
least head tilt, 2 or 3 fingers below nipple line, brachial pulse, gentle breaths, tickle feet
infant differences during cpr
aed is available, trained rescuer takes over, scene becomes unsafe, too tired, obvious signs of life
continue giving cpr until
4
how many chambers in the heart?
atria
2 upper chambers of heart
ventricals
2 lower chambers of heart
heart attack cardiac arrest
most common heart emergencies
heart attack
lack of blood flow
cardiac arrest
electrical system problem
tachycardia
too fast of a heartbeat
automated external defibrillator
what does AED mean?
cpr
always give ___ until an AED is available
v-fib
most common use of an aed
xyphoid process
notch at end of sturnam
good samartin law
law that protects rescuer
airway breathing circulation
abc's of cpr
defibrillator
restores normal heart rhythm
1 minute
if alone, how long do you give care before calling 911
propped up bottles and toys
what are some things babies will choke on
injuries
leading cause of death for children in the US
breathing emergency
most common reason for a childs heart to stop beating
victim's leave professional
if a ______ behavior threatens you, _____ the area until _____ help arrives
scrape
damages outer layer of skin, little or no damage
cut
incision or laceration, can be jagged or smooth, results in bleeding caused by sharp objects
puncture
when a pin, splinter, nails or other pointed object pierces the skin, wound carry the potential for internal bleeding and infection
prevent shock, reduce pain, prevent infection
3 things to accomplish when treating a burn victim
depth, size, location
severity of burns based on 3 things
first degree
least severe, only affects the outer layer of skin
second degree
blistering, usually involves 2 and 3 layer of skin
third degree
most severe, damages all 7 layers of skin
clear area so victim doesnt hurt themselves, do no hold or restrain person, do not put anything in mouth
seizure treatment
hypothermia
develops when the body can no longer keep itself warm
get person into dry clothing, warm body slowly, do not give anything to eat or drink unless fully concious, avoid alcohol or caffiene
to treat hypothermia, 4
heat emergency
can lead to a heat strok
remove from hot enviroment, loosen clothing, fan, cool wet towels, small amounts of water if concious, elevate feet
to cool a person, 4
quiet, walking and talking
keep person ____.___ ____ ______ may cause increase in bleeding
sitting position leaning forward
how should someone sit with a nosebleed?
nostrils
what do you put direct pressur on during a nosebleed
cold towel
apply a __ ____ to someones face during a nosbleed
rattlesnake, copperhead, water moccasin, coral snake
4 types of snakes that are poisionous
blanket
during treatment of a victim involving the possibility of shock the rescuer must maintain body temperature by use of a _____
4 to 6
brain cells begin to die in _ __ _ minutes