22 terms

Unit 1(2): American Attitudes, Freedmen's Experience, Settling the West

Lizzie Borden
spinster who was the central figure in the hatchet murders of her father and stepmother; defied view of women
"Triumph of Democracy" (Carnegie)
(1886) document that praised the accomplishments of America but ignored the poor of America
Nicodemus, Kansas
successful black community formed during black migration westward
Paul Laurence Dunbar
seminal African American poet; appealed to white audience by creating positive images of black life
"We Wear the Mask" (Dunbar)
(1896) poem that describes the harsh reality of the black race in the US
Booker T. Washington
major black leader b/c of sponsorship by powerful whites; cooperation with whites and industrial education only way to overcome racism in long run
Atlanta Exposition Address (Washington, 1895)
address given at the 1895 Atlanta Exposition; carved out a defined and subordinate "place" for blacks
Five Civilized Tribes
five Native American nations (Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole); considered civilized by original Anglo-European settlers
Plains Indians
Native American societies inhabiting region from Dakotas to Texas
Fort Laramie Treaty
agreement that moved thousands of Plains Indians to reservations in South Dakota in 1867
Chief Sitting Bull
Sioux leader; involved in major victory at the Battle of the Little Bighorn against Lt. Custer at Custer's Last Stand
Latter Day Saint Movement; followers emigrated to Utah Territory in 1847 and began to openly practice plural marriage
Custer's Last Stand
(1876) Battle of Little Bighorn; battle between Indian tribes against the forces of Lt. Col. Custer; enraged American public against Indians
George Armstrong Custer
United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the Indian Wars; lost in the Battle of the Little Bighorn
Dawes Severalty Act (1887)
law intended to "civilize" Indians by distributing Oklahoma territory to individuals
Pacific Railroad Act
(1862) authorized extensive land grants in West and issuance of U.S. Government Bonds to railroad companies in order to construct a transcontinental railroad
Homestead Act (1862)
gave an applicant land title to up to 160 acres of undeveloped federal land; required three steps: file an application, improve the land, and file for deed of title
Timber Culture Act
(1873) allowed homesteaders to get another 160 acres of land if they planted trees on one-fourth of the land
Desert Land Act
(1877) individuals could apply for a desert-land entry to reclaim, irrigate, and cultivate arid and semiarid public lands
United States v. Reynolds
(1879) declared plural marriages unlawful
Edmunds-Tucker Act
(1887) dissolved the church corporation and put its properties and funds into control of the courts
Curtis Act (1898)
dissolved the Indian Territory and abolished tribal governments