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The defining event that helped shape police reforms in the 1990's was the

Beating of Rodney King

Which federal law enforcement agency has unlimited jurisdiction?

No single agency has unlimited jurisdiciton

What federal agency is responsible for the transportation of federal prisoners?

U.S. Marshals

What state formed the first statewide police agency?


Most police agencies are organized in what manner?

Militaristic and hierarchical

How do most municipal police departments determine promotion eligibility?

Time in rank

Who is the person with general administrative control over the police organization?


What police support unit is responsible for investigating allegations for police misconduct?

Internal affairs

Designated police patrol areas are called


When does an officer have the most amount of discretion?

Traffic stop.

Which of the following is not a requirement for search warrants drawn from the fourth amendment?


If police executing a search warrant find contraband or other criminal evidence not specified in the original search warrant

They may lawfully seize the items under the plain sight exception

Legal grounds for a search warrant

Testimony of an informant whose info can be verified by police
Testimony of someone who has firsthand knowledge of a crime
Testimony of a crime victim

What happens if a suspect waives his right to the Miranda rights?

Any statement they make is admissible in a court of law

The police may not search the passengers of an automobile during routine traffic stops


Term used to describe an effect that occurs when criminals move from an area targeted for increased police presence to another that is less protected?


What is not a focus of community policing?

Police officer retention

What percent of police departments now have some type of college requirement?

16% percent

What is not a core belief at the heart of the police culture?

Patrol work gives officers the chance to be heroes in the eyes of the public.

what is an example of an impact munitions?

Rubber Bullets

When the supreme court hears cases pertaining to search and seizure warrants they draw mainly on what amendment?

The fourth

What occurs when a police officer takes a person into custody or deprives a person of freedom for having allegedly committing a criminal offense?


The requirement that a search warrant state precisely where the search is to take place and what items are to seized is referred to as the

Particularity requirement

What search falls outside of the protection of the plain view doctrine?

The use of thermal imaging devices to search for weed in a suspects home or garage.

The legal grounds which authorize wiretapping of any alien the government believes is a member of a foreign terrorist group or is an agent of a foreign power is called

The foreign intelligence surveillance act

Exclusionary rule

the principle that prohibits using illegally obtained evidence in a trial.

Where was the first police agency created


One component of the criminal justice system


in order to legally arrest someone an officer must satisfy what level of evidence?

Probable cause

The ecology of crime refers to what

Season and climate

O.J. Simpson case is what level on the cake?

Level one

The FBI is responsible for the UCR?


What type of crime is not reported to the part 1 or part two offense section of the UCR?

Traffic violations

Mass Murder

Type of multiple killer who kills many victims in a single outburst

Spree Killer

Type of multiple killer who spreads his killings over a few days or weeks

Serial killer

Killer who kills over a long period of time and assumes a normal identity

Hate Crimes

Criminal acts directed toward a particular group of people

Expressive violence

Violent behavior motivated by rage, anger or frustration

Instrumental violence

Violent behavior such as shooting someone during an armed robbery

Miranda rights must be read to you anytime a police officer speaks to you?


How many classes of felonies are there in Arizona


A type of jury responsible for investigating alleged crimes, examining evidence and issuing indictments is called

A grand jury

Victim precipitation theory

Role of the victim in provoking or encouraging criminal behvaior

Routine activity theory

Related to the nature of normal everyday patterns of human behavior

Lifestyle theory

Victimization risk is increased by engaging in risky behvaior

Choice theory

People commit crimes when they perceive benefits of law violation outweighing the threat of punishment and pain

The criminal justice system

The system of law enforcement, adjudication, and correction that is directly involved in the apprehension, prosecution, and control of those charged with criminal offenses.

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