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3.1 - The Declaration of Independence
This set will help you study for your test over 3.1 - The Declaration of Independence. Use these along with your study guide.
Terms in this set (33)
A very respected man when it came to government affairs
The man who wrote the Declaration of Independence
The man who served as President of the Second Continental Congress
The man appointed to be the commander of the Continental Army
The man who was the most in favor of declaring independence
The man who originally wrote about rights and a government's role in those rights - Thomas Jefferson used his ideas when writing the Declaration of Independence
Richard Henry Lee
The man who proposed the resolution that became the Declaration of Independence
Wrote Common Sense, the popular pamphlet that called for independence from England
King George III
The King of England when the Declaration of Independence was created
A vote that has no opposition - everyone votes the same way
an idea or statement that needs no explanation because its meaning is obvious
Something we are born with and cannot be taken away
Consent of the governed
The idea that a government gets its power from the people that it governs
The ability to be on your own and live without any help
The popular pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that called for independence from England
What was the Olive Branch Petition?
A document that assured the King that the colonists wanted peace and for their rights to be protected - last chance for peace
What does each of the sections of the Declaration of Independence talk about?
1) Preamble - Countries that want to declare independence have to explain why
2) Rights the colonists believe they have and defining how a revolution can be legal
3) Ways England has violated colonists' rights and why we are revolting against England
4) Proclaims the existence of America as a new, independent nation
What colonies are represented at the Second Continental Congress?
All colonies are represented
What types of people were present at the Second Continental Congress?
White, European males
What ideas did Thomas Jefferson steal from John Locke?
1) People are born with certain natural rights; Life, liberty, property.
2) People form governments to protect these rights.
3) Governments that interfere with these rights might rightfully be overthrown
What important question did the Second Continental Congress have to answer?
Should the colonies declare themselves an independent nation or stay under British rule?
Why did George Washington leave the Second Continental Congress?
To take charge of the Continental Army
Why did some people argue in favor of declaring independence from England?
They argued that the war had already started.
Why did some people argue against declaring independence from England?
They were afraid of Britain's power and military. They did not think they could win.
What day was the Declaration of Independence approved?
July 4, 1776
What are the unalienable rights outlined in the Declaration of Independence?
3) Pursuit of Happiness
What are the ways England violated the rights of the colonists, according to the Declaration of Independence?
-Cutting off trade with other countries
-Taxing the colonies without their consent
-Ignoring our petitions
-Ending local governments
-Having a standing army in the colonies during times of peace
-Quartering troops in our homes
-Denying us a trial by jury
According to the Declaration of Independence, why did man create government?
To protect our rights
According to the Declaration of Independence, where does a government get its power?
From its people
According to the Declaration of Independence, what should happen if a government fails to do its job?
It should be replaced
According to the Declaration of Independence, is there a limit on what the people can do to remove their government?
No - we can do anything, meaning a revolution is legal
Why did the vote on declaring independence have to be unanimous?
Every colony has to agree to declare independence - if any one colony does not agree, they will be dragged into the war and could potentially hurt the other colonies by fighting against them or by helping the enemy. (Provide an example)
According to Thomas Jefferson, what are the two criteria for having a legal revolution?
1) Must prove that your rights have been violated or people have been harmed
2) Must demonstrate that you have tried everything short of a revolution
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