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Chapter 1 - Integrated Training Rationale
Terms in this set (28)
Cardiovascular disease; hypertension; high cholesterol; stroke; respiratory disease; obesity; diabetes
What are the 7 most common chronic diseases?
A rise in obesity, diabetes and other chronic diseases, and longer life expectancies
Why has there been a rise in demand for personal training?
Early detection, treatment, and healthy living
How can most chronic diseases be managed?
The condition of being considerably overweight by over 30 pounds or having a BMI over 30
The condition of being 25-30 pounds over the recommended weight for one's height or having a BMI of 25-29
What fraction of Americans can be categorized as overweight or obese?
Cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes, high cholesterol, osteoarthritis, some types of cancer
To which chronic diseases is excessive body weight linked?
Alteration of muscle length surrounding a joint
Low back pain, knee injuries, and shoulder & neck pain
What is a primary cause for a lack of physical activity?
Roughly what percentage of adults are affected by low-back pain?
What effect can sitting for longer than three hours at a time, working in enclosed spaces, and manual labor create on the human body
What injury is reported to have around 80,000 to 100,000 cases each year?
Of the ACL injuries that occur each year, around 70% are what kind of injury?
Between 15 and 25 years old
What is the average age for most ACL injuries?
Enhancing neuromuscular stabilization
What helps to alleviate the occurrence of non-contact injuries?
What is the estimated value of lost work time due to injury?
The ability of the neuromuscular system to produce the greatest force in the shortest amount of time
Stabilization, Strength, Power
What are the three adaptations/levels of the Optimum Performance Training Model?
The OPT Model
A systematic, integrated, and functional training program that simultaneously improves biomotor abilities and builds high levels of functional strength, neuromuscular efficiency, and dynamic flexibility.
Flexibility, cardiorespiratory, core, balance, reactive (plyometric), speed, agility, and quickness (SAQ), and resistance training
What are the components of integrated training?
Which OPT level increases muscular endurance and neuromuscular efficiency?
Proprioceptively based (increases in challenge come from challenging balance and stabilization systems more), low loads, high repetitions
What are some stabilization training strategies?
Phase 2: Strength Endurance, Phase 3: Hypertrophy, Phase 4: Maximal Strength
What are the 3 phases of the Strength level?
Phase 2: Strength Edurance
Which level of the OPT model increases prime mover strength while maintaining stabilization endurance adaptations
Supersets of strength and stabilization exerises
Which training strategy is used in Phase 2: Strength Endurance?
Which training strategy uses high volume, high to moderate loads, and moderate for maximal soft tissue growth?
Which training strategy uses high loads, low repetitions, and longer rest periods?
Enhanced neuromuscular efficiency; enhanced prime mover strength; increased rate of force production
What are 3 goals of Phase 5 of the OPT model?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 16 - Health Conditions and Limitations
Chapter 17 - Nutrition
Chapter 18 - Supplements
Chapter 3 - The Cardiorespiratory System
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