23 terms

Beekeeping

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American Foulbrood (AFB)
This is an infectious brood disease caused by spore forming bacterium. It is the most widespread and destructive of the brood diseases, afflicting queen, drone and worker lavae alike. Adult bees are not affected. This disease occurs in two froms vegetative (rod-shaped bacterial cells) and spores. The spore stage is unique for this type of bacteria, as it may persist for 40 years or more.
European Foulbrood (EFB)
This is a bacterial brood disease. It is considered stress disease and it is most prevalent in spring and early summer. It is not as serious as AFB, and colonies can recover if it is infected. It doesn't for spores, but often overwinters on combs. It enters the larva in contiaminated brood food and multiplies rapidly within the stomach of the larvae.
Chalkbrood
This is a fungal brood dissease of honey bees, is caused by spore forming fungus. Worker, drone, and queen larvae are susceptible to getting infected. Spores of the fungus are ingested with the larval food. The spores germinate in the hind gut of the larva, but myceelial (vegetatibe) growth is arrested until the larva is sealed in its cell. When t larvae are about 6 or 7 days old and sealed in their cells, the mycelia break through the somach wall and invade the larval tissues until the entire larva is over come. It generally takes about 2 to 3 days for th larvae to become overcome.
Sacbrood
This is a disease caused by a virus, usually does not result in severe losses. It is most common during the first half of the brood-rearing season. It often goes unnoticed, since it affects usually only a small percentage of the brood. Adult bees typically detect and remove infected larvae quickly. Often, if sacbrood is widespread enough for the beekeeper to observe the symptoms, the disease may be so severe that the adult worker population is reduced.
Bee parasitic Mite syndrome (BPMS)
This situation is tpicall associated with varroa mites, virusses, or a combination of both. Affected larvae die in the late larval orr prepupal stage. Stretched out in their cells often with thir heeads slightly raised. In early stage of infection, they are white but dull rather than glistening, and they look deflated.
Nosema
This disease is caused by spore-forming protozoan that invades the digestive tracts of honey bee workers, queens, and drones. The spores are ingested with food or water by the adult bee. the spores germinate and multiply within the lining of the bee's midgut. Millions of spores are shed into the digestive tract and are elimated in the feces.
Paralysis
This is a symptom of adult hoey bees and usually associated with viruses. There are two viruses that are chronic with paralysis virus (CPV) and acute bee paralysis (APV), have been isolated from paralytic bes. Other suspected causes of paralysis include: pollen and nectar from plants such as buttercup, rhododendron, laurel, and some species of basswood; pollen deficiences during brood rearing in the early spring; and consumption of fermented stored pollen.
Glossa
This is the bees tongue. It is hariy and used to drink nectar. When dipped in a flower the nectar sticks to the hairs on it. It is then withdrawn from the flower and the bee drinks the nectar off of its tongue.
Pharynx
This is an intersection of the respiratory and digestive tracks in the bee.
Brain
This is the seat of mental faculties of a bee.
Salivary Gland
This is a glandular organ that produces saliva.
Poison Sac
This is a sac that contains all of the poison that the bee has.
Nerve Ganglia
this is the collection off nerves in the abdomen.
Stinger
This is a sharp jagged object that sticks out of the back of a honey bee. When the bee stings venom is released in to the victim and causes a burning sensation. This comes out when a honey bee stings causing the bee to die.
Rectum
The last part of the intestine.
Aorta
This transfers hemolmph (blood) throughout the back of the bee and into the organs.
Chamber of Dorsal Vessel
Thiese contain the ostia which are openings along the sides of the dorsal vessel.
Air Sacs
These are connected to the respiratory system through spiracles.
Honey Stomach
This is an organ that is part of the esophagus. However it is a specialized organ that is designed to expand and store nectar until it canb be ferried bak to the hive.
Wing Muscles
This controles the wings when the bees are flying. There are two sets. The longitudinal and vertical. The longitudinal go cross-wise across the thorax, between the wings. The verticals go the length of the thorax.
Respirator Muscles
They are responsible for breathing.
Small Intestine or Ileum
This is a short tube conneccting the imdgut to the hindgut. The ileum also often houses microbes, which aid in digestion.
Stomach
This contains the proventriculus, ventriculus, and the small intestine. This is where most of the digestion and nutrient absorption occcurs in the insect body.