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3.5: Genetic Modification and Biotechnology

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Describe the role of restriction enzymes in biotechnology applications.

Understanding: Gel electrophoresis is used to separate proteins or fragments of DNA according to size.
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Electrophoresis is used to separate molecules according to their size and/or charge. The result is a series of "bands" that each contain molecules of a particular size. The band pattern can be used to identify individuals for:
-forensic analysis
-paternity testing
-determining evolutionary relationships
-testing for alleles associated with disease