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Psych 160 Group Processes and Quiet Rage
Terms in this set (19)
Three or more people who interact and are interdependent (their needs and goals cause them to influence each other)
What is a dyad?
A group of two people
Implicit or explicit rules a group has for the acceptable behaviors, values, and beliefs of its members
Shared expectations in a group about how particular people are supposed to behave
Why are we drawn to groups?
•Evolutionary and social benefits
•Groups are used as indications of social desirability and of positive feedback across cultures
•Helps us define ourselves as an individual
What are the benefits of groups to a group?
Groups may increase their:
- Group cohesiveness
Note: Increasing roles and norms a group has, increases the likelihood that the group will stay together (usually)
how fast the group works
theoretical increase in the binding of members and increased liking of fellow members due to being in a group
What's a cost to being in a group?
- loss of accountability
- increase in obedience to one or a handful of individuals
- reduced controlled processing
The loosening of normal constraints on behavior when people can't be identified as an individual
The increased likelihood of a group reducing good problem solving because of specific dynamics of the group
What factors can contribute to process loss?
- The presence of dominant figures
-Focus on common knowledge instead of individual knowledge
A tendency to focus on cohesiveness and solidarity instead of logic
So what happens if we want to get out of a group?
Groups can respond in a number of ways when someone's not following the norms or roles
Schacter's "Johnny Rocco Case" punishment study (1951) demonstrated that conflict, assignment to poor tasks, ostracism, and even removal from the group can happen
How does social facilitation affect simple and complex tasks?
Social Facilitation Tasks: when others are watching - high arousal
- enhanced performance on simple tasks: counting to 20 as fast as you can
- impaired performance on complex tasks: verbally identifying movies
How does social loafing affect simple and complex tasks?
Social Loafing Tasks: when others aren't watching - low arousal (relaxation)
- impaired performance on simple tasks: drawing as many starts in one minute
- enhanced performance on complex tasks: writing down social psychology terms
A group's tendency to take a stronger stance on a situation that all of the group members are in support of initially
Where can we find group polarization in our daily lives?
Sports, businesses, investment firms (stock market crashes)
Why does group polarization occur?
•Strengthening of opinion because not hearing dissent
•Rationalization because of the belief in strength in #'s
•Focus on the agreed upon ideas
903 expert-verified explanations
Arlene Lacombe, Kathryn Dumper, Rose Spielman, William Jenkins
580 expert-verified explanations
Understanding Psychology, Student Edition
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Psychology: Principles in Practice
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