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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Natural killer cell
  2. Oral decongestant agents
    Pseudoephedrine Hydrochloride- Sudafed
  3. Antihistamines
    diphenhydramine- benadryl
    hydroxyzine- Atarax
    fexofenadine - Allegra
    astemizole - Hismanal
    Loratadine - Claritin
    Cetirizine - Zyrtec
  4. Anaphaylactic Less severe side effect Localized:
  5. 3. Passive immunity
  1. a ready made antibodies are given to susceptible person. Providing immediate short lived protection
  2. b Action- Block histamine
    Side effects- Sedation, dryness of mucous membrance; rare: heart dysrhymias
    Nursing Consideration- Caution not to drive or operate machinery until sedative effects of mediacation are known
  3. c Action- Vasconstrict nasal membranes
    Side effect- anxiety, nervousness, palpitations, headache, dizzines, tremors, sleeplessness, hypertension
    Nursing consideration- Use cautiously in clients with severe hypertension, diabetes, glaucoma, Hyperthyroidism, prostatic hyperplasia, coronary artery diease
  4. d A nonspecific defensive cell that releases chemical to attack tumor cells and destroys infected body cells, especially those harboring viruses.
  5. e watery, increased nasal and bronchial secretion, sneezing, vomiting, and diarrhea
    Additional symptoms: hives (urticaria) itching, localized redness of the eyes.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 1. Naturally Acquired Active Immunity
    2. Artificially Acquired Active immunity
    3. Passive immunity
  2. A hyperimmune response to weak antigens, usually harmless
  3. large WBC phagocytic cell in the tissue
    Ex. Lungs, liver,lymph nodes, spleen, and peritoneum
  4. skin, respiratory passageway, GI tract, blood and vascular
  5. immunotherapy in which a person recieves weekly or twice-weekly injection of dilute but increasingly higher concentration of an allergen without interruption

5 True/False questions

  1. what do inhalants triggerEx. House dust, mites, insect excrement, and product, pollen spores
    common reaction: Allergic asthmas, rhinitis, hypersensitivity, pneumonistis


  2. macrophagesis the antigen that can cause an allgergic response


  3. Bronchodilator-
    Epinephinine- adrenaline,terbutaline- brethine
    Action- dilate airway by stimulating adrenergic receptors in the lungs
    Side effect- Insomia, restlessness, anorexia, cardiac stimulation, hyperglycemia, tremor, vascular headache
    Nursing consideration-Avoid taking 2 hour of bedtime. pregnant women, brethine interfere with labor delivery


  4. 1. Naturally Acquired Active ImmunityAdministration of a killed or weakened microorganism of toxoid. The Memory Cell make Lymphocytes "remember: killed or weakened antigens and recognize if they invade again


  5. injectantEx. drugs, bee venom
    common reaction: Anaphylaxis, angioedema, acute urticaria