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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Angioedema:
  2. 2. Artificially Acquired Active immunity
  3. Ingestant
  4. what do inhalants trigger
  5. Tumor necrosis factor
  1. a Itching, swelling, redness of deeper tissues and mucous membrance Medical Management: Intubation, subcutaneous epinephrine, aminophylline
  2. b Asthma
  3. c Administration of a killed or weakened microorganism of toxoid. The Memory Cell make Lymphocytes "remember: killed or weakened antigens and recognize if they invade again
  4. d cytokine used to regulate various autoimmune and inflammatory disorder
  5. e Ex. food, drugs(esp. penicillin)
    common reaction: Gastroenteropathy, dermatitis, asthma, anaphylaxis, urticara, angioedema, serum sickness

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Action- vasoconstrict nasal membranes
    Side effect- Headeache, transient nasal burning, sneezing, epistaxis, rebound nasal congestion
    Nursing consideration- Advise to pump spray 3 to 4 time before first use one to two times before each use. Afrin should not be used longer than 3 to 5 days in a row
  2. - regulate the growth, maturation, and function of blood cell
  3. S/S: Sneezing, itching, nasal congestion, watery nasal discharge, itching and eye redness
    Medical management: Antihistamines, nasal decongestant,corticosteriods nasal spray, immunotherapy, allergen avoidance, eye drops
  4. A hyperimmune response to weak antigens, usually harmless
  5. Function-encourage release of vasoactive chemical like histamine in allergic reaction hypersenitivity and inflammatory reaction
    Located-Surface of Basophils and Mast cell

5 True/False questions

  1. Luekotriene Antagonist
    Montelukast- Singulair
    Zileuton- Zyflo
    Action- Vasconstrict nasal membranes
    Side effect- anxiety, nervousness, palpitations, headache, dizzines, tremors, sleeplessness, hypertension
    Nursing consideration- Use cautiously in clients with severe hypertension, diabetes, glaucoma, Hyperthyroidism, prostatic hyperplasia, coronary artery diease

          

  2. contactantsEx. plants oils, tropical meds, occupational chemical, cosmetic, metals in jewelry and clothing fastners, hair dyes, latex
    common reaction: contact dermatitis, urticaria, or anaphylaxis

          

  3. Types of allergiesS/S: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramping, malaise, itching, wheezing,rash, cough
    Medical management: Identify and avoid food, subcutaneous epinephrine, aminophylines in severe reaction

          

  4. Oral Corticosteroids
    Dexamthasone- decadron
    Hydrocortisone- Cortef
    Methylprednisolone- Medrol
    Action- Regulate immune response; control inflammatory response
    Side effect- Euphoria, insomia, GI irritation, increased appetite, weight gain hyperglycemia
    Nursing consideration- taper when discontinuing; abrupt discontinuation may cause acute renal insufficiency. give in morning with food. Assess for peripheral edema

          

  5. Anaphaylactic Less severe side effect Localized:life threatening reaction that is characterized by Shock, sudden constriction of bronchiolar muscles, edema of the pharynx and larynx, and severe wheezing and shortness of breath. Immediate medical attention is required.