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Terms in this set (20)
Hormones are specific to particular tissues because?
Target cells have the appropriate receptor to fit it.
Nonsteroid hormones differ from steroid hormones in that they?
Are not lipid soluble and cannot cross the cell membrane.
What part of the brain is part of the forebrain?
Thalamus, hypothalamus, and pituitary gland
The anterior pituitary gland produces?
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), Thyriod-stimulating hormone (TSH), Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), Luteinizing hormone (LH), Prolactin (PRL), Growth hormone (GH).
Luteinizing hormone is considered a gonadotropin because it?
Stimulates the growth, development, and function of the reproductive systems.
When the oxytocin is released during childbirth, the hormone target cells in the?
Uterus and the mammary glands (breasts).
Hyposecretion of ADH results in?
The kidneys to lose too much water, leading to a disorder called diabetes insipidus.
What hormone stimulates the production of testosterone in males?
Insufficient production of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary may result in?
Permanent changes in the final height of an adult, like dwarfism.
Uptake of blood glucose by liver cells is stimulated by?
Insulin helps regulate blood sugar at homeostatic levels by?
Promoting the entry of glucose into cells.
Cortisol is a glucocorticoid that helps maintain blood glucose levels by promoting?
The utilization of fats and by increasing the breakdown of protein to amino acids in the muscle.
During times of stress, the _______ released CRH to stimulate the anterior pituitary to release cortisol.
A goiter result from low dietary iodine levels because?
Thyroxine cannot be made causing high TSH levels stimulating the thyroid gland to grow to an enormous size in an effort to get the thyroid to make more hormones.
The ovaries of women function as endocrine organs by producing?
Estrogen and Progesterone.
Thyroxine is released from the thyroid in response to the presence of?
What is required in the diet in order for active thyroid hormones to be produced?
The thymus produces two peptides that function to?
Lymphocytes develop into mature T cells
What happens when a secretion of atrial natriuretic hormone by the heart occurs?
Blood pressure is regulated.
What nonhormonal chemical messenger is important in local control of blood flow and blood clotting?
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