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Canterbury Tales and The Pardoner's Tale
Terms in this set (34)
narrative that has both literal and deeper, symbolic meaning. appears in poetry, novels, plays, and short stories.
When the opposite of what is expected to happen, happens.
We do not expect the rioters to die.
in conversation, the speaker intends to be understood as meaning something that contrasts with the literal or usual meaning what he says (sarcasm)
The rioters ironically pledge to live and die for one another in the tavern at the beginning of the tale
when the reader or audience are aware of something that the characters in the story are not.
We know the rioters are plotting against one another.
Author of The Canterbury Tales; often called the Father of English Literature or the Father of the English Language, due to his use of English vernacular in his writing, at a time when most wrote in Latin or French.
The Canterbury Tales
A series of stories, some serious and some satirical, by Geoffrey Chaucer, written in Middle English vernacular.
The language that developed from Old English after the Norman invasion brought French and Latin to England
Thomas a Becket
A murdered archbishop, whose death led many to take a pilgrimage to Canterbury Cathedral. This provides the framework for The Canterbury Tales.
The everyday speech of the people. Chaucer was the first major writer to use the vernacular of Middle English (a blend of French, Latin, and Old English).
The use of irony, sarcasm, humor, and ridicule to attack human foolishness and flaws.
An event in which the opposite of what is expected happens; a remark where the meaning is the opposite of what is said (sarcasm is a form of irony).
Medieval estates (men)
Clergy were the most powerful (those who pray). The nobility (those who slay) were the richest, but still had to obey the laws of the church.The commoners (those who work every day) included merchants, farmers, and peasants.
A type of tale that involves heroic characters and noble deeds. The Knight's Tale from The Canterbury Tales is an English romance.
The largest country in the British Isles. It gets its name from early invaders: Angle-land.
Who narrates Canterbury Tales?
Geoffrey Chaucer is both the author AND the narrator!
Who did Chaucer write The Canterbury Tales for?
For everyone, rich and poor, educated and non-educated alike. This was unusual for this time period.
Chaucer's most important contribution to English
Using everyday speech in his writing, not just the formal languages (French and Latin) of the court.
A visit to a holy site or place of great importance to the "pilgrim". (As in The Canterbury Tales).
Church official authorized to sell church pardons for people's sins. He takes advantage of people's faith. The Pardoner in The Canterbury Tales was hypocritical, as he committed all the sins he pardoned others for.
The host of the inn; it's his idea to have the story-telling contest.
Where the pilgrims start their journey; owned by Harry Bailey.
The month the journey begins.
This organizational structure of The Canterbury Tales that allows many different points of view (tales) within the larger story.
An exemplum that warns against greed.
Irony in The Pardoner's Tale
Three men seek Death (because they plan to kill it). They are told they will find Death under a tree. They do - because their greed leads them to kill each other for gold. The way they "find Death" is ironic.
The Canterbury Tales represents all the classes (estates) of medieval society in England, from the peasants and rising middle class, to members of the church and court.
The most noble and honorable of all of the characters in The Canterbury Tales
Chaucer, the narrator
The character who gives us a first person account.
Tone Chaucer uses to write CT
What rioters in PT find
How many pilgrims does Chaucer meet at the Tabard Inn
3 classes of Canterbury pilgrims
merchant, clergy, feudal
Chaucer died this year.
Chaucer started writing the tales this year.
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