938 terms

Latin IV AP Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

sine + ablative
without
ante + accusative
before, in front of
ad + accusative
toward, to; at; near; until
pro + ablative
for, on behalf of; for the sake of; in front of
ab, a + ablative
from, away from; by
inter + accusative
between, among
septem
seven
duo, duae, duo
two
septingenti, -ae, -a
seven hundred
nongenti, -ae, -a
nine hundred
quinquaginta
fifty
viginty
twenty
nonaginta
ninety
ducenti, -ae, -a
two hundred
duo milia
two thousand
centum unus
one hundred and one
septuaginta
seventy
duodeviginti
eighteen
duodecim
twelve
tres, tria
three
quotidie
daily
longe
far
etiam
even; and yet, still; also
semel
once, a single time
deinde
then, thereafter
quoque
also
ibi
there
omnino
entirely, wholly
tamen
nevertheless
cito
quickly
fortasse
perhaps
tum
thereupon, at that time, then
tantum
only, merely
nunc
now, at present
quis, quid
who?, what?
hic, haec, hoc
this, these
ille, illa, illud
that, those
qui, quae, quod
who, whose, whom, that, which
quia
because
quoniam
because, since; whereas
nihil
nothing
de + ablative
from, down from; concerning, about
in + accusative
into, onto; toward, against
in + ablative
in, on
sedecim
sixteen
viginti unus
twenty-one
tertius decimus
thirteenth
concurso, -are, -avi, -atum
to run around
moenia, moenium (n) pl.
city walls
crudelis, -e
cruel
percutio, -cutere, -cussi, -cussum
to strike, pierce
aes, aeris (n)
bronze
ultra
beyond, on the other side of
prae + ablative
in front of
magister, magistri (m)
teacher, master
apparatus, -us (m)
equipment, splendor
emo, -ere, emi, emptum
to buy
memor, -oris + genitive
mindful
dubito, -are, -avi, -atum
to doubt
gradus, -us (m)
step, pace, gradation
vero
in truth, however,
laedo, -ere, laesi, laesum
to injure, harm
mortalis, -e
mortal
insulto, -are, -avi, -atum
to leap; to gloat
confligo, -fligere, -flixi, -flictum
to fight
lector, -oris (m)
reader
foveo, fovere, fovi, fotum
to cherish
praebeo, -ere, praebui, praebitum
to offer, provide, present
nata, -ae (f)
daughter
flagitium, -i (n)
shame, crim
vector, -oris (m)
carrier
tabesco, tabescere, tabui
to waste away, melt
tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatum
to raise; to remove, destroy
deficio, -ere, -feci, -fectum
to fail
fero, ferre, tuli, latum
to carry, bring
magnopere
greatly
decor, -oris (m)
beauty
edo, -ere, edi, esum
to eat
defendo, -fendere, -fedni, fensum
to protect, defend
argumentum, -i (n)
proof, evidence, argument
sumptus, -us (m)
expense
superbus, -a, -um
proud, arrogant
superus, -a, -um
above, upper
agricola, -ae (m)
farmer
ingens, ingentis + genitive
huge
nubes, nubis (f)
cloud
litus, litoris (n)
shore
vito, -are, -avi, -atum
avoid
mollio, mollire, mollivi, mollitum
to soften, make less hostile
nimbus, -i (m)
rain cloud
probitas, -atis (f)
uprightness, honesty
vicinus, -i (m)
neighbor
cachinna, -ae (f)
laughter
ignosco, ignoscere, ignovi, ignotum + dative
to forgive, pardon
ferveo, fervere, ferbui
to boil, be hot
expono, -ponere, -posui, -positum
to explain, expose
damno, -are, -avi, -atum
to condemn
abundantia, -ae (f)
abundance
vicesimus primus
twenty-first
labia, -ae (f)
lip
trado, -dere, -didi, -ditum
to give over, surrender; hand down, transmit, teach
copia, -ae (f)
abundance, supply
noto, -are, -avi, -atum
to note, notice
vox, vocis, f.
voice
tenebrae, tenebrarum, f. pl.
shadows, darkness
annus, -i, m.
year
odor, odoris m.
scent, odor
adulescens, adulescentis, m.
young man, youth
adultus, a, um
grown up, mature, adult
nongentesimus
nine-hundredth
novem
nine
undevicesimus, -a, -um
nineteenth
undeviginti
nineteen
undecim
eleven
undecimus
eleventh
vitium, -ii (n)
fault, crime, vice
perfugium, -ii (n)
refuge, shelter
nex, necis f
murder
campana, -ae, (f.)
bell
rica, -ae (f)
veil
nepos, nepotis, m.
grandson, descendant
premo, premere, pressi, pressum
press
humanitas, humanitatis, f.
culture
committo, committere, commisi, commissum
to entrust, commit, unite, initiate
destino, destinare, destinavi, destinatus
to intend, resolve
doctor, -oris, m.
teacher
careo, carere, carui, cariturus
to be without, be deprived of, want, lack; be free from (takes ablative of separation)
morior, mori, mortuus sum
to die (deponent)
eximius, a, um
selected, distinguished, exceptional
surgo, surgere, surrexi, surrectum
rise, stand up
egeo, egere, egui + ablative or genitive
to need, lack, want
admitto, admittere, admisi, admissum
to admit, receive, let in
dehinc
then, next
delectatio, delectationis, f.
delight, pleasure, enjoyment
cadus -i m.
jar, urn (wine jar)
absconditus, -a, -um
hidden, secret
suscipio, suscipere, suscepi, susceptus
to undertake
unguentum, unguenti, n.
perfume
pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsus
to strike, banish, push
repente
suddenly
precor, precari, precatus sum
to beg, entreat
communis, commune
common, general
dummodo
so long as, provided that
tellus, telluris, f.
land, earth
summa, ae, f
sum total
adventus, adventus, m.
arrival, approach
sordes, sordis, f
dirt, filth
idem, eadem, idem
same, the same
occasio, occasionis, f.
occasion, opportunity
pulex, -icis (m)
flea
liveo, livere
to blush, envy
canus, a, um
gray
purgo, purgare, purgavi, purgatus
to clean, purify
idoneus, a, um
suitable, fit, appropriate
aggredior, aggredi, aggressus sum
attack
continentia, -ae f.
self-control, moderation
cerdo, -onis (m)
artisan
quando
when
adulatio, onis, f
fawning, flattery
conor, conari, conatus sum
to try
quartus decimus, -a, -um
fourteenth
quadragesimus
fortieth
quadraginta
forty
quadringentesimus, a, um
four-hundredth
quadringenti, ae, a
four hundred
quartus, -a, -um
fourth
nolo, nolle, nolui
not want, refuse
alter, altera, alterum
the other (of two), second
prohibeo, prohibere, prohibui, prohibitum
to keep (back), prevent, hinder, restrain, prohibit
aditus, aditus m
entrance
virtus, virtutis, f.
manliness, courage; excellence, character, worth, virtue
pateo, patere, patui
to be open, lie open; be accessible; be evident
trans + accusative
across
parvus, -a, -um
small, little
bellum, belli (n)
war
constantia, constantiae, f.
firmness of character, courage
tandem
at last, finally
nubo, nubere, nupsi, nuptum
to marry; to cover, to veil
origo, originis, f.
origin, beginning
urbanus, a, um
of the city, urban; urbane, elegant
carus, -a, -um
dear
calvus, calva, calvum
bald
seductor, -oris (m)
seducer
conventio, -onis (f)
assembly, agreement
comes, -itis (m)
companion
solacium, solacii (n)
comfort, relief
vaco, vacare, vacavi, vacatus
to be empty
arcanus, a, um
secret, hidden
lacus, us, m
lake
ops, opis, f.
help, aid
mereor, mereri, meritus sum
deserve, earn
sequor, sequi, secutus sum
to follow
merces, mercedis (f)
pay, cost
offensa, -ae (f)
affront
excludo, excludere, exclusi, exclusus
to shut out
eligo, eligere, elegi, electus
to choose
siccus, a, um
dry
amica, amicae, f.
friend (female)
conservo, conservare, conservavi, conservatum
to preserve, conserve, maintain
sensus, -us, m.
feeling, sense
temptatio, -onis (f)
test, trial
tumeo, tumere, tumui
to swell
sapientia, sapientiae, f.
wisdom
ora, orae, f.
shore
timor, timoris, m.
fear
digitus, -i, m.
finger
hoplomachus, -i (m)
gladiator
sinuo, sinuare, sinuavi, sinuatus
to bend, curve
palma, -ae, f.
palm, hand; palm branch, palm tree, victory wreath
feles, felis (f)
cat
turpitudo, turpitudinis, f.
ugliness, disgrace
vires, virium, f. pl.
force, strength, violence
fons, fontis, m.
fountain, spring
convivor, convivari, convivatus sum
to feast
misceo, miscere, miscui, mixtum
to mix, stir up
dexter, dextra, dextrum
right, right-hand
indico, indicare, indicavi, indicatus
point out, reveal
tonsor, tonsoris, m.
barber
invenio, invenire, inveni, inventus
to come upon, find
incanto, -are, -avi, -atum
to enchant
gero, gerere, gessi, gestus
to wear, carry, manage, behave
satura, saturae, f.
satire
pila, -ae, f.
ball
onero, onerare, oneravi, oneratus
load, burden; oppress
tergum, -i (n)
back
hirtus, hirta, hirtum
hairy/shaggy, covered with hair/wool; thick growth; rough/unpolished
ratio, rationis, f.
reckoning, account; reason, judgement, consideration; system; manner, method
condimentum, condimenti (n)
seasoning
qua
whereby, by which way
vae
woe
humanus, -a, -um
pertaining to man, human; humane, kind; refined, cultivated
appello, appellare, appellavi, appellatus
to call, to name
mora, morae, f.
delay
platea, -ae (f)
street
chirurgia, -ae f
surgery
talentum, -i (n)
talent, sum of money
opinor, opinari, opinatus sum
to suppose, be of the opinion
succurro, succurrere, succurri, succursus
to help
egestas, egestatis f.
need, poverty, extreme poverty; lack, want
ira, irae, f.
anger
enim
for, in fact
maximus, maxima, maximum
very big, very large, very great, the most
numquam
never
se
himself, herself, itself
nutrix, nutricis, f.
nurse
aestas, aestatis, f.
summer
custodia, custodiae, f.
protection, custody; pl. guards
trecenti, -ae, -a
three hundred
modus, -i, m.
measure, degree; manner, way
lego, legere, legi, lectus
read, choose
sapiens, sapientis
wise, sensible
poena, poenae, f.
punishment, penalty
liber, libri, m.
book
paenitentia, ae f.
repentance
mare, maris (n)
sea
trecentesimus, -a, -um
three hundredth
post + accusative
after, behind
flumen, fluminis (n)
river, stream
dux, ducis, m.
leader, guide; commander, general
crux, crucis f.
cross, torture
ultimus, -a, -um
furthest, last
animal, animalis (n)
animal
potens, potentis
able, powerful, mighty, strong
unus, -a, -um
one, single, alone
umbra, -ae, f.
shade, shadow
decessor, oris (m)
predecessor
philosophus, philosophi, m.
philosopher
coniuratus, -i, m.
conspirator
exsulto, exsultare, exsultavi, exsultatus
rejoice, exult
obscenus obscena obscenum
foul, indecent
laevus, -a, -um
left
limen, liminis (n)
threshold, doorway
amitto, amittere, amisi, amissum
to send away; lose, let go
latro, latronis (m)
robber, bandit
moneo, monere, monui, monitus
warn, advise
foedus, foederis (n)
treaty, agreement
exercitus, exercitus, m.
army
praecipuus, a, um
special, particular
vulnus, vulneris (n)
wound, injury
glutio, -ire, -ivi, -itum
to swallow, gulp
tenor, oris (m)
course, career
recuso, recusare, recusavi, recusatum
to refuse, reject
tabes -is f.
wasting disease, plague
ut
that, in order that, as
perennis, perenne
through the year(s), enduring
libra, ae (f)
pair of scales
dos, dotis (f)
dowry
arbitror, arbitrari, arbitratus sum
to judge, think
vicesimus, -a, -um
twentieth
opes, opum, f. pl.
money, wealth
locupleto, locupletare, locupletavi, locupletatus
to enrich
faveo, favere, favi, fautus + dative
favour, support
abeo, abire, abii, abitum
to go away, depart, leave
patior, pati, passus sum
to suffer, endure
arx, arcis, f.
citadel, fortress
gracilis, gracile
slender, thin
disputatio, disputationis f.
argument, debate
expleo, explere, explevi, expletum
to fill, fill up, complete
rabidus, a, um
mad, raving
cerno, cernere, crevi, cretum
to distinguish, discern, perceive
ars, artis, f.
art, skill
centum
hundred
quattuor
four
voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatus
to call, summon
oro, orare, oravi, oratus
to beg, pray
ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentus
to show, point out
fortis, forte
brave, strong
cibus, cibi, m.
food
somnium, somnii (n)
dream, vision; fantasy, day-dream
creo, creare, creavi, creatum
make, create
ursus, ursi, m.
bear
cras
tomorrow
cinis, cineris, m.
ash
patefacio, patefacere, patefeci, patefactus
to make open, open; disclose, expose
persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi, persuasum
persuade
oblecto, oblectare, oblectavi, oblectatum
to please, amuse, delight; pass time pleasantly
sitis, sitis f.
thirst
utor, uti, usus sum
to use; enjoy, experience
tabum, i n.
gore, plague
zona -ae f.
belt, girdle
pessimus, -a, -um
worst, very bad
uva, -ae, f.
grape
pars, partis, f.
part
schola, -ae, f.
school
narro, narrare, narravi, narratus
tell, relate
recreo, recreare, recreavi, recreatum
to restore, revive; refresh, cheer
cursus, cursus, m.
running, course
arcus, -us, m.
bow
morbus, morbi, m.
disease, sickness
serus, a, um
late, slow
sal, salis, m.
salt, wit
hiems, hiemis, f.
winter, winter time; rainy season; cold, frost; storm, stormy weather
fauces, ium, (f) (pl)
throat, jaws
per + accusative
through, by means of
ubi
where, when
quam
how, than
bene
well
impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatus + dative
order, command
amor, amoris, m.
love, desire, passion
quot
how many, as many as
laetus, -a, -um
glad, rich
silva, silvae, f.
forest, woods
olim
once, some time ago
maeror -oris m.
grief, sadness, sorrow
disco, discere, didici
to learn
neco, necare, necavi, necatus
to kill
miles, militis, m.
soldier
fama, famae, f.
rumor, report; fame, reputation
vulpes, vulpis (f)
fox
peritus, perita, peritum
skilled
porta, portae, f.
gate, entrance
fruor, frui, fructus sum + ablative
to enjoy
desidero, desiderare, desideravi, desideratum
to desire, long for, miss
offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatus
to offer
blandus, a, um
flattering
lavo, lavare, lavi, lautus
to wash
erro, errare, erravi, erratum
to wander; err, go astray, make a mistake, be mistaken
nutus, -us, m
nod, command, signal
bellus, -a, -um
pretty, handsome, charming
nuptiae, -arum, f. pl.
wedding, marriage
mollis, molle
soft, gentle
centesimus primus
one hundred and first
arma, armorum, n. pl.
arms, weapons
pugna, pugnae, f.
fight, battle
fugio, fugere, fugi, fugitum
to flee, escape
equitatus, -us, m.
cavalry, horsemen
princpes, principis m
emperor, leader
honor, honoris, m.
honor, esteem; public office
regius, a, um
royal
nego, are, avi, atum
to deny, say that...not
parco, parcere, peperci (+DAT)
to spare (somebody or something)
consultum, consulti, n.
decree, order
equus, equi, m.
horse
socius, socii, m.
ally, comrade, companion
periculum, -i (n)
danger, risk
ignis, ignis, m.
fire
lex, legis, f.
law
ager, agri, m.
field
civitas, civitatis, f.
state, citizenship
hostis, hostis, m.
an enemy
nauta, nautae, m.
sailor
virgo, virginis, f.
maiden, virgin
si
if
excellentia, excellentiae f.
excellence
fanum, -i (n)
temple, shrine
quattuordecim
fourteen
caput, capitis (n)
head
sanguis, sanguinis, m.
blood
accusator, -oris (m)
accuser, prosecutor
aura, -ae, f.
breeze, air
consul, consulis, m.
consul
vir, viri, m.
man, husband
officium, -i (n)
duty, office
genus, generis (n)
race, kind, sort
labor, laboris, m.
labor, work, toil; a work, production
mens, mentis, f.
mind, spirit
tempestas, tempestatis, f.
weather, storm
auctor, auctoris, m.
creator, originator
sic
thus, in this way, so
remigo, are, avi, atus
to row
quisque, quaeque, quidque
each, each one, every
irascor, irasci, iratus sum (+dat)
to become angry with
cedo, cedere, cessi, cessum
to go, withdraw; yield to, grant, submit
accedo, accedere, accessi, accessum
to come (to), approach
pagus, pagi, m.
village, country-district
bonus, -a, -um
good, kind
felix, felicis + genitive
happy, fortunate
pernicies, perniciei f
destruction, ruin
refero, referre, rettuli, relatus
bring/carry back, report, tell
molestus, molesta, molestum
troublesome, annoying
corpus, corporis (n)
body
coerceo, coercere, coercui, coercitus
enclose, confine; restrain, check, curb, repress; limit; preserve; punish
simul
at the same time, together
intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectum
to understand
saepe
often
mors, mortis, f.
death, destruction, ruin
comprehendo, comprehendere, comprehendi, comprehensus
to understand, seize, arrest
cicatrix, cicatricis, f.
scar
calefacto, -are, -avi, -atum
to heat
multo, are, avi, atum
to punish, fine
versus, versus, m.
verse, line of poetry
fateor, fateri, fassus sum
to confess, admit
aetas, aetatis, f.
period of life, life, age, an age, time
ovum, -i, n.
egg
signum, signi (n)
sign, signal, standard
aeternus, a, um
eternal, everlasting
servo, servare, servavi, servatum
to preserve, save, keep, guard
flagrum, i, n.
whip
secundus, -a, -um
second; favorable
victoria, victoriae, f.
victory
video, videre, vidi, visus
to see
sol, solis, m.
sun
filia, filiae, f.
daughter
semper
always
fortuna, fortunae, f.
fortune, luck
amo, amare, amavi, amatus
to love
-que
and
discedo, discedere, discessi, discessum
to go away, depart
ferrum, ferri (n)
iron, sword
harena, -ae, f.
sand
sed
but
duco, ducere, duxi, ductus
to lead
veritas, veritatis, f.
truth
dens, dentis, m.
tooth
locus, loci, m.
place, position, situation, opportunity
volo, velle, volui
to wish, want
gloria, gloriae, f.
glory, fame
credo, credere, credidi, creditus + dat
believe, trust, have faith in
sum, esse, fui, futurus
to be, exist
iterum
again, a second time
ferox, ferocis
fierce, savage
sexaginta
sixty
expello, expellere, expuli, expulsum
to drive out, expel, banish
molior, moliri, molitus sum
to work at, build, undertake, plan
dum
while, until, as long as
aut
or
vinculum, vinculi, n.
bond, chain, fetter
materia, -ae, f.
matter, timber
manus, manus, f.
hand, group of people
impetus, impetus, m.
attack
oculus, oculi, m.
eye
exemplum, exempli (n)
example
venio, venire, veni, ventum
to come
eo, ire, ii, itum
to go
cura, curae, f.
care, attention, caution, anxiety
valeo, valere, valui, valiturum
to be strong, have power, be well
totus, a, um
all, whole, entire
nobilis, nobile
noble, famous
nudus, a, um
naked, bare
avia, -ae f.
grandmother
acriter
keenly, fiercely
tuus, tua, tuum
your, yours
magnus, -a, -um
great, large
catena, catenae, f.
chain, fetter
fuga, fugae, f.
flight, escape
cur
why
bibo, bibere, bibi
to drink
bis
twice
rego, regere, rexi, rectus
to rule
aurum, i (n)
gold
parum
too little
gremium, gremii, n.
lap
superus, supera, superum
above, upper, higher
imber, imbris, m.
rainstorm, shower
novus, -a, -um
new, strange
maior, maius
greater, older
difficilis, difficile
hard, difficult, troublesome
miser, misera, miserum
miserable, wretched
primus, a, um
first
octogesimus
eightieth
tussio, tussire, tussivi, tussitum
to cough
salvus, -a, -um
safe, well
abrumpo, abrumpere, abrupi, abruptus
break; break off; tear asunder; cut through, sever; remove, separate
verus, vera, verum
true, real
color, coloris, m.
colour, complexion
septimus decimus
seventeenth
nonagesimus, -a, -um
ninetieth
quinquagesimus
fiftieth
septuagesimus, -a, -um
seventieth
casa, casae, f.
house, cottage, hut
octingentesimus
eight hundredth
subterraneus, -a, -um
under the ground, subterranean
tragicus, -a, -um
tragic
piger, pigra, pigrum
lazy, slow, dull
bis millesimus, -a, -um
two-thousandth
utilis, utile
useful, advantageous
satis
enough, sufficient
laus, laudis, f.
praise, glory, fame
salus, salutis, f.
safety, health
itaque
and so, therefore
turpis, turpe
ugly; shameful, base, disgraceful
beneficium, beneficii (n)
benefit, kindness; favor
simulo, -are, -avi, -atus
to pretend, to simulate
tutus, tuta, tutum
safe, protected
libertas, libertatis, f.
freedom, liberty
sex
six
natura, naturae, f.
nature
orator, oratoris, m.
orator, speaker
sescenti, -ae, -a
six hundred
quingenti, -ae, -a
five hundred
teneo, tenere, tenui, tentus
hold, keep, have
scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptus
to write, compose
rotundus, a, um
round, circular
pareo, parere, parui, paritum (+DAT)
to obey
insidiae, insidiarum, f. pl.
ambush, plot, treachery
lugeo, lugere, luxi, luctum
to lament, mourn
aerarium, -i, n.
treasury
aranea, araneae, f.
spider, spider's web
cithara, -ae, f.
a stringed instrument, lyre, lute
opimus, a, um
rich
caelebs, caelibis + GEN
unmarried
valetudo, valetudinis, f.
health
dedico, dedicare, dedicavi, dedicatum
to dedicate
piscis, piscis, m.
fish
corona, -ae, f.
crown
audeo, audere, ausus sum
to dare
calceus, calcei m
shoe, sandal
condo, condere, condidi, conditus
to found, establish
cornu, -us, n.
horn
vendo, vendere, vendidi, venditus
to sell
metallum, metalli, n.
metal; mine; quarry
lectus, lecti, m.
bed, couch
voluptas, voluptatis, f.
pleasure, delight
intestinus, a, um
internal
quoties
How often?
ara, arae, f.
altar, sanctuary, refuge
caritas, -atis, f
affection
averto, avertere, averti, aversum
to turn away
navis, navis, f.
ship, boat
pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum
beautiful, handsome
caedes, caedis, f.
slaughter, murder
is, ea, id
this, that; he, she, it
senex, senis, + GEN
old, aged
servitus, servitutis, f.
servitude, slavery
oppidum, -ī (n)
town, city
otium, -i, n.
leisure, free time
panis, panis, m.
bread
scientia -ae f.
knowledge
debitum, debiti (n)
debt
mortuus, -a, -um
dead
multus, -a, -um
much, many
longus, -a, -um
long, far
sinister, sinistra, sinistrum
left, left-hand
perpetuus, -a, -um
perpetual, lasting, uninterrupted, continuous
omnis, omne
all, every
sanctus, a, um
sacred, holy
hodie (adv.)
today
similis, simile
like, similar
malus, mala, malum
bad, wicked, evil
duodevicesimus, -a, -um
eighteenth
nonus, -a, -um
ninth
trecesimus
thirtieth
iucundus, a, um
pleasant, delightful
duodecimus
twelfth
nullus, -a, -um
no, none, not any, no one
ullus, -a, -um
any, anyone
decem
ten
cerebrum, -i (n)
brain
quasi (adv.)
as if
doctus, docta, doctum
learned, clever
rideo, ridere, risi, risum
to laugh
et
and
ex, e + abl
out of, from
familia, familiae, f.
family
millesimus, -a, -um
one thousandth
audio, audire, audivi, auditus
hear, listen to
verbum, verbi (n)
word
carbo, -onis m
coal
culpa, culpae, f.
fault, blame
mulier, mulieris, f.
woman, wife
terra, terrae, f.
earth, land
numerus, numeri, m.
number
recito, recitare, recitavi, recitatum
to read aloud, recite
salto, saltare, saltavi, saltatus
dance, jump; portray or represent in a dance
consumo, consumere, consumpsi, consumptus
eat, consume, spend
pingo, pingere, pinxi, pictus
to paint
pendo, pendere, pependi, pensum
to hang, to weigh, to pay
neglego, neglegere, neglexi, neglectum
to neglect
servio, servire, servivi, servitum + Dat.
to serve
timeo, timere, timui
fear, be afraid
navigo, navigare, navigavi, navigatum
to sail, navigate
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus
to compel, force
nuntio, nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatus
announce, report
rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatus
to ask
accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptus
accept, take in, receive
vivo, vivere, vixi, victum
to live
scio, scire, scivi, scitus
to know
tu
you
occido, occidere, occidi, occisus
to kill
nox, noctis, f.
night, darkness; sleep
linum, i (n)
thread, string
domina, dominae, f.
mistress, lady
homo, hominis, m.
man, human being
hora, horae, f.
hour; time
animus, animi, m.
spirit, soul, mind
mater, matris, f.
mother
lacrima, lacrimae, f.
tear
lac, lactis (n)
milk
urbs, urbis, f.
city
scriptum, scripti n.
writing
amicus, amici, m.
friend
prex, precis, f.
prayer
mus, muris (m/f)
mouse
spes, spei, f.
hope
quintus decimus, -a, -um
fifteenth
ebriolus, a, um
tipsy
par, paris + dat
equal, like
uter, utra, utrum
either, which (of two)
praeteritus, a, um
past
mundus, -i, m.
world
rex, regis, m.
king
mille
one-thousand
vester, vestra, vestrum
your, yours
solus, sola, solum
alone, only
pugio, pugionis, m.
dagger
rigor, oris, m.
stiffness, hardness, severity
flagro, flagrare, flagravi, flagratus
be on fire; blaze, flame, burn; be inflamed/excited
coetus, -us (m.)
meeting, gathering
humus, humi, f.
ground, earth
bos, bovis, m/f
ox, cow
taedium, taedii (n)
weariness, boredom
quare (adv.)
therefore, wherefore, why (literally means "because of which thing")
cimex, cimicis (m)
bug, insect
regina, reginae, f.
queen
patria, patriae, f.
country, homeland
caelium, caeli (n)
sky, heaven
servus, servi, m.
slave, servant
calamitas, calamitatis, f.
disaster, misfortune
puer, pueri, m.
boy, child
cervix, cervicis, f.
neck
verruca, ae, f.
wart
superbus, -a, -um
proud, arrogant
civis, civis, m/f
citizen
elephantus, -i, m.
elephant
maritus, mariti, m.
husband
rapio, rapere, rapui, raptus
to snatch, seize
mos, moris, m.
habit, custom, manner
carcer, carceris, m.
prison
carmen -inis n.
song, poem
duocentesimus
two hundredth
sextus decimus
sixteenth
sextus, -a, -um
sixth
verecundia, ae f.
respect, modesty
fleo, flere, flevi, fletum
weep, cry, mourn
centesimus, -a, -um
hundredth
pono, ponere, posui, positus
to put, place
festino, festinare, festinavi, festinatus
to hurry, hasten
educo, educare, educavi, educatum
to bring up, educate
debeo, debere, debui, debitum
owe, ought
vinco, vincere, vici, victus
to conquer, win
placeo, placere, placui, placitum (+dat)
to be pleasing to, please
nascor, nasci, natus sum
to be born; spring forth, arise
ulciscor, ulcisci, ultus sum
to avenge
deleo, delere, delevi, deletus
to destroy
desino, desinere, desii, desitum
to stop, cease
coqueo, coquere, coxi, coctus
to cook
honoro, honorare, honoravi, honoratus
honor, respect
remaneo, remanere, remansi, remansum
to remain, stay, stay behind, abide, continue
carpo, carpere, carpsi, carptum
to harvest, pluck, seize
spiro, spirare, spiravi, spiratus
to breathe
traho, trahere, traxi, tractus
to drag
possum, posse, potui
to be able, can
moveo, movere, movi, motus
to move
habeo, habere, habui, habitus
to have
facio, facere, feci, factus
to do, to make
capio, capere, cepi, captus
take, seize
antiquus, a, um
ancient
alius, alia, aliud
other, another
exspecto, exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus
to wait for
ipse, ipsa, ipsum
himself, herself, itself
forma, formae, f.
form, shape; beauty
mons, montis, m.
mountain
exemplar, exemplaris, n.
example
patientia, patientiae, f.
suffering, patience, endurance
cena, cenae, f.
dinner
pomum, pomi, n.
fruit
sacerdos, sacerdotis, m.
priest
auris, auris, f.
ear
barba, barbae, f.
beard
agricultura, -ae (f)
agriculture
finis, finis, m.
end, boundary
aqua, aquae, f.
water
fames, famis, f.
hunger
lupus, -i, m.
wolf
imago, imaginis, f.
image, picture, ghost
flamma, flammae, f.
flame
anima, -ae, f.
soul, spirit
vita, vitae, f.
life
quintus
fifth
tristis, triste
sad
levis, leve
light
pudicus, -a, -um
modest, chaste
caecus, -a, -um
blind
infinitus, a, um
boundless, unlimited
aequus, -a, -um
equal, fair
alienus, a, um
foreign
septingentesimus
700th
sescentesimus
600th
durus, dura, durum
harsh, hard
tardus, -a, -um
late, slow
clarus, a, um
clear, bright, famous
senilis, e
an old man
sexagesimus
sixtieth
plenus, -a, -um
full
incertus, -a, -um
uncertain, unsure, doubtful
ego
I
dulcis, dulce
sweet
triclinium, -ii (n)
dining room
turba, turbae, f.
uproar, disturbance; mob, crowd, multitude
frater, fratris, m.
brother
medius, media, medium
middle
triginta
thirty
donum, -i, n.
gift
tempus, temporis (n)
time
pecunia, pecuniae, f.
money
cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatum
to think, ponder, consider, plan
sentio, sentire, sensi, sensus
to feel, perceive
septimus, -a, -um
seventh
octingenti, -ae, -a
800
octavus, -a, -um
eighth
ambitio, onis, f
a canvassing for votes; ambition; flattery
octo
eight
mensis, mensis, m.
month
iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussus
order, command
verno, vernare, vernavi, vernatus
to flourish
tot
so many
testa, -ae (f)
jug
colomba, -ae (f)
dove
radix, radicis, f
root
moles, molis, f.
mass
epulae, -arum, f. pl.
banquet, feast
auditor, auditoris, m.
hearer, listener, member of an audience
mirus, -a, -um
surprising, strange
excrucio, excruciare, excruciavi, excruciatus
torture, torment
noceo, nocere, nocui, nocitum +dat
to do harm to, harm, injure
dissimilis, dissimile
unlike, different
amoenus, -a, -um
pleasant, charming
lenis, -e
gentle
mitto, mittere, misi, missus
to send
defingo, defingere, defigi, defictus
to fix, mould
metuo, metuere, metui
fear, dread
morsus morsus m
bite, biting, jaws, fangs
loquor, loqui, locutus sum
to speak, to talk
contundo, contundere, contudi, contusum
to beat, crush, bruise, destroy
minuo, minuere, minui, minutum
to lessen, diminish
ne
lest, that...not
sino, sinere, sivi, situs
to allow, to permit
peregrinor, peregrinari, peregrinatus sum
to travel abroad, wander
insto, instare, institi, instatum
to insist
nuper
recently
coram
presence of
angulus, i m
corner, angle
textus, us m
web, structure
opprimo, opprimere, oppressi, oppressus
crush, overwhelm
arca, arcae, f.
box, chest
turgidus, a, um
swollen
mansuetudo, inis, f
gentleness
tego, tegere, texi, tectus
to cover
cupiditas, cupiditatis, f.
desire, longing, passion; cupidity, avarice
innocentia, -ae, f.
innocence
orbitas, orbitatis, f.
bereavement; loss of a child; orphanhood; childlessness;
tribus, -us, f.
tribe
ales, alitis (f)
bird
volucris, volucris, f.
bird
proles, prolis, f.
offspring, child, descendant
via, viae, f.
road, way
senatus, senatus m.
senate
nemo, neminis (m/f)
no one, nobody
nasus, -i, m.
nose
gradus, us m
step, pace
femina, feminae, f.
woman
reverentia, ae f.
reverence, respect
laboro, laborare, laboravi, laboratus
work, toil, be in difficulty
sors, sortis, f.
lot, fate
capillus, -i, m.
hair
vulgus, vulgī, n. (sometimes m.)
the common people, mob, rabble
malo, malle, malui
to prefer
decimus
tenth
medicus, -i, m.
doctor
incipio, incipere, incepi, inceptus
to begin
maneo, manere, mansi, mansum
to stay, remain
quingentesimus, -a, -um
five hundredth
deus, dei, m.
god, deity
laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatus
to praise
tranquillitas, tranquillitatis, f.
calmness, serenity
tertius, -a, -um
third
ianua, ianuae, f.
door
iacio, iacere, ieci, iactus
to throw
fio, fieri, factus sum
become, be made, happen
taceo, tacere, tacui, tacitum
to be silent
factum, facti (n)
deed
filius, filii, m.
son
sidus, sideris (n)
star, constellation
aestimo, aestimare, aestimavi, aestimatum
to regard, to esteem
consilium, consilii (n)
plan, idea, advice
diu
for a long time
adulescentia, adulescentiae, f.
youth, young manhood; youthfulness
nomen, nominis (n)
name
optimus, -a, -um
best, very good
auxilium, auxilii (n)
help; (pl ) (auxiliary) troops
amicitia, amicitiae, f.
friendship, alliance
ancilla, ancillae, f.
slave-girl, slave-woman
divitiae, divitiarum, f. pl.
riches, wealth
octoginta
eighty
contineo, continere, continui, contentum
to hold together, contain, keep, enclose, restrain
concludo, concludere, conclusi, conclusus
to enclose
epistola, -ae (f)
letter
acies, aciei, f.
battle line
candidus, -a, -um
shining, bright, white; beautiful
remedium, -ii, n.
cure, remedy
sacer, sacra, sacrum
sacred, holy
holus, holeris (n)
vegetable
tumulus, tumuli, m.
mound, tomb
nimis, nimium
too, too much, excessively
invado, invadere, invasi, invasum
to invade, attack
foris
outside, in the open
protinus (adv.)
immediately
heri
yesterday
undique
on all sides, everywhere
semen, seminis (n)
seed
tyrannus, tyranni, m.
tyrant
angelus, -i, m.
angel
spectaculum, spectaculi (n)
show
canis, canis (m/f)
dog
vinum, -i, n.
wine
memoria, memoriae, f.
memory
lux, lucis, f.
light
olfacio, olfacere, olfeci, olfactus
to catch the scent of, smell
diligo, diligere, dilexi, dilectum
love, esteem
tectum, tecti (n)
ceiling, roof
fiducia, -ae, f.
trust; confidence
acerbus, -a, -um
harsh, bitter, grievous
heu
alas
trivium, trivii, n.
crossroads, public space
cognosco, cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus
get to know, find out
merus, -a, -um
pure, undiluted
hortus, horti, m.
garden
sagitta, -ae, f.
arrow
dolus, doli, m.
trickery; deception
fenestra, -ae, f.
window
visum, visi (n)
vision
puella, puellae, f.
girl
discipula, discipulae, f.
female student
templum, templi, (n)
temple, shrine
testis, testis, m. f.
witness
paupertas, paupertatis, f.
poverty
margaritum, -i (n)
pearl
utilitas, utilitatis f.
usefulness
insula, insulae, f.
island
pompa, ae, f.
parade, procession
nescio, nescire, nescivi, nescitum
not to know
fabula, fabulae, f.
story, tale; play
cubiculum, cubiculi (n)
bedroom
amiculum, amiculi (n)
cloak
mutatio, mutationis, f.
change
rus, ruris (n)
country, countryside
metus, metus, m.
fear, dread, anxiety
exitium, exitiī, (n)
destruction, ruin
vestigium, vestigii (n)
footprint, trace
ferculum, -i (n)
dish, tray
incendium, incendii, n.
fire
principium, principii (n)
beginning; origin
aestus, aestus, m.
heat, tide
arbor, arboris, f.
tree
bulbus, i, m.
onion
basium, -ii, n.
kiss
soror, sororis, f.
sister
senectus, senectutis, f.
old age
villa, villae, f.
country house
calculus, -i (n)
pebble
pudor, pudoris, m.
shame, modesty
optio, optionis, f.
choice
argentum, argenti (n)
silver, money
scriptor, scriptoris, m.
writer, author
ubertim
copiously, profusely
torpeo, torpere, torpui, torpitus
to become numb
rusticor, rusticari, rusticatus sum
to live in the country
videlicet
clearly, namely
artus, -us, m.
narrow
vesper, vesperis, m.
evening, evening star, west
saeculum, saeculi (n)
age, generation
pulchritudo, pulchritudinis f.
beauty
aro, arare, aravi, aratum
plow
blandior blandiri, blanditus sum + dat
flatter, entice
bulbutio, -ire
to stammer
vigor, -oris, m.
liveliness, activity, vigor
venustus, a, um
charming
sumptus, sumptus m
expense, cost
fortunatus, fortunata, fortunatum
lucky, fortunate, happy
ango, angere, anxi, anctum
torment
ligneus, a, um
made of wood
sereno, serenare, serenavi, serenatum
to make clear, brighten; cheer up, soothe
quinque
five
speculum, -i, n.
mirror
oportet, oportere, oportuit
be necessary, ought, must
probo, probare, probavi, probatum
to approve, recommend; test
queror, queri, questus sum
to complain
volumen, inis (n)
book, scroll
cocus, -i, m.
cook
divinus, -a, -um
divine, sacred
pater, patris, m.
father, ancestor
os, oris (n)
mouth, face
tango, tangere, tetigi, tactum
touch
lingua, linguae, f.
tongue, language
iungo, iungere, iunxi, iunctum
to join, unite
exsilium, exsiliī, (n.)
exile, banishment
tredecim
thirteen
cavus, cavi (m)
hole
parasitus, -i
guest, parasite
doceo, docere, docui, doctus
to teach
libido, libidinis, f.
desire, lust
magistra, magistrae, f.
schoolmistress, teacher, mistress
alo, alere, alui, altum
to nourish, support, sustain, increase; cherish
liber, libera, liberum
free
proclivus, a, um
inclined
luctamen, inis n.
effort
ruga -ae f.
wrinkle
hortor, hortari, hortatus sum
encourage, urge