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ages covered by IDEA


behavior interventions

a set of strategies designed to address the function of a student's behavior in order to change it.

characteristics of a learning disability

brain processes things differently
IQ above 70
difficulty in reading, perception, speaking...

characteristics of emotional disturbances

long period of time
sensory explanation
trouble with making relationships
inappropriate behavior in normal circumstances
personal problems/physical symptoms
socially maladjusted

connection of ADHD to other health impaired

affects learning
alertness with in educational environment

Diana vs. state boe of california

public schools tested spanish speaking students in their native language

Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children

parents took students to court saying they had a right to be in school
court said intellectually disabled could go

Mills v. BOE

any disability could be in school
washington DC
parents had the right to complain

Larry P. v. Riles

can't discriminate on tests based on race
"norming a test"

direct instruction

hated by teachers

discrepancy method

take this test and take this test, if there is a difference, then there is a learning disability
ability vs. achievement

due process

procedures specified in IDEA for making all the critical decisions that are part of special education

environmental contributors to learning disabilities

poor nutrition
long period of time in a highly adverse emotional climate
toxins (lead)
too little stimulation
low medical care
low educated parents

environmental supports

involve students
effective praise
help outside organization

examples of health impairments included under OHI

Sickle cell

externalizing behaviors

behaviors directed towards others
bother both teacher and students
acting out

functional behavioral assessment

multidimensional problem-solving strategy for analyzing student's behavior within the context of the setting in which it's occurring.

heterogeneous group

there is not one common thread

how to determine ADHD

behavior rating scales
samples of student's work
anecdotal notes

instructional interventions

help student to achieve and organize
put them in an environment where they can focus

internalizing behaviors

often do not disrupt the classroom
cannot get mind off of certain thoughts
decreased interest in previous interests
abuse and headaches

Least restrictive environment (lre)

setting most like the one in which other students are educated in which one with disability can achieve. (general education)

mnemonic instructional strategies


percentage of students with disabilities in Ohio


physiological causes for a learning disbility

brain injury

positive behavior supports PBS

a functional and data based approach to responding to student behaviors with an emphasis on skill development

psychosocial factors for an emotional disturbance

experiences, events, and people around them
chronic stress
stressful life events
childhood maltreatment
additional family factors

related services

supportive services (person)

required members of an IEP meeting

Gen Ed teacher
District Rep
Special Ed teacher


ability to recover and not experience long term harm from episodes of stress or single negative experiences

Response to intervention method for determining a learning disability

IDEA is where it is first identified

school related behavior for individuals identified with an emotional disturbance

non completion

strategy instruction

method of teaching students techniques, principles, or rules applicable in many learning situations that guide them to complete tasks independently.

supplementary aids and services

anything the student may need to be successful in the classroom (things)

who determines ADHD

doctor or psychiatrist/psychologist

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