WHAP ch 1-2 test
Terms in this set (34)
Paleolithic carvings of the female form, often with exaggerated breasts, buttocks, hips, and stomachs, which may have had religious significance
First emerged about
13,000 years ago
earliest widespread and distinctive culture of North America; named from the Clovis point, a particular kind of projectile point.
A complex worldview of Australia's Aboriginal people that held that current humans live in a vibration or echo of ancestral happenings.
Dying out of a number of large animal species, including the mammoth and several species of horses and camels, that occurred around
11,000-10,000 years ago
, at the end of the Ice Age. The extinction may have been caused by excessive hunting or by the changing climate of the era.
Took place around
1000 to 1200 B.C.E.
; people speaking Austronesian languages completed the human settlement of the earth as they settled the islands of the vast Pacific and penetrated the Indian Ocean to Madagascar.
"The original affluent society"
Paleolithic peoples earned this term because they wanted/needed so little.
People believed to be especially skilled at dealing with the spirit world; such people entered an altered state of consciousness or a trance while performing the ceremonies, often with the aid of psychoactive drugs.
Some Paleolithic societies believed in an impersonal force suffused throughout the natural order that could be accessed by shamans during a trance dance.
Paleolithic settling down
The process by which some Paleolithic peoples moved toward permanent settlement in the wake of the last Ice Age. Settlement was marked by increasing storage of food and accumulation of goods as well as growing inequalities in society.
"The world's oldest temple" in southeastern Turkey; proved to be impressive because it had a monumental construction long associated with latter agricultural societies and civilizations.
First area to fully experience the Agricultural Revolution!!!
In SW Asia; wheat and wild pigs existed here.
The wild ancestor of maize; "arguably men's first and greatest feat of genetic engineering".
The spread of agricultural techniques and the plants and animals in a down-the-line communication.
Took place around
500 b.c. to around A.D 1000
; known as the cultural hearth for sub-Saharan Africa, The _______ migrated toward the east then the south and carried their language which is one of the roots of Swahili into all of sub-Saharan Africa. They also brought the technology and knowledge necessary to make iron into southern Africa.
The last surviving member of a gathering and hunting group known as the Yahi who lived in northern California. His people were driven into extinction during the second half of the nineteenth century by the intrusion of farming and herding "civilized" societies.
A Chinese archeological site where the remains of an advanced and permanently settled Neolithic village have been found.
"Secondary products revolution"
; occurred only in the Eastern Hemisphere.
New uses of domesticated animals rose, such as milking, riding, wool, 'power', manure, etc.
Peoples largely dependent on domesticated animals; often moved with the animal's changing patterns of vegetation.
One of the world's first villages, established in modern-day Turkey around
"Both men and women could carry out a series of roles and enjoy a range of positions, from making tools to grinding grain and baking to heading a household."
"Politically organized agricultural societies."
A region along the central coast of Peru, home of a civilization that developed in the period
Caral was the largest of some twenty-five urban centers that emerged in the area at that time.
Indus Valley Civilization
an early civilization, known for its advanced culture, that developed in the Indus River valley in India during the 3rd millnenium B.C.E.
Central Asian/Oxus civilization
in Central Asia along the Oxus or Amu Darya river in what is now northern Afghanistan. An important focal point for a Eurasian-wide system of intellectual and cultural exchange, it faded away about 1700 B.C.E.
earliest known American civilization, that developed along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico around
, in southern Mexico, and known for its pyramids and huge stone heads
The largest city of ancient Mesopotamia (Sumerian)
Epic of Gilgamesh
An epic poem from Mesopotamia, and among the earliest known works of literary writing.
Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa
The largest (and very organized) city of the Indus Valley civilization that flourished around
Code of Hammurabi
the set of laws drawn up by Babylonian king Hammurabi dating to the 18th century BC, the earliest legal code known in its entirety
Social organization in which women are insubordinate to men in the family and in society generally.
Rise of the state
Organized around cities or larger territories headed by Kings, advised by officials/priests.
The state replaced the kinship as the basic organization of society and gave far more authority to the leaders. Allowed different types of ruling and stricter rule/laws.