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psych unit 6 part 1 vocab
Terms in this set (15)
An organism's decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated exposure to it
Learning that certain events occur together. The events may be two stimuli (as in classical conditioning) or a response and its consequences (as in operant conditioning).
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2).
unconditioned response (UR)
In classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (US), such as salivation when food is in the mouth.
unconditioned stimulus (US)
in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally—naturally and automatically—triggers a response.
conditioned response (CR)
in classical conditioning, the learned response to a previously neutral (but now conditioned) stimulus (CS)
conditioned stimulus (CS)
In classical conditioning, an originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus (US), comes to trigger a conditioned response.
A stimulus that gains its reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer; also known as secondary reinforcer.
Reinforcing the desired response every time it occurs.
partial (intermittent) reinforcement
reinforcing a response only part of the time; results in slower acquisition of a response but much greater resistance to extinction than does continuous reinforcement
In operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses
In operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of responses
In operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience.
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