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The Awakening Vocab Glossary
Terms in this set (76)
Allez vous-en! Sapristi!
[French/Creole] "Go away! For Heaven's sake!"
"telling her beads"
Saying her prayers and keeping count of them by using the beads of her rosary
[French/Creole] rented rooms or cottages
One of the first places on the Gulf Coast to become a summer resort for the upper middle class of New Orleans; families would stay for the summer, and the husbands would frequently come from work in the city for the weekends. It was essentially destroyed in a hurricane in 1893. Kate Chopin summered there several times with her family.
The French first settled in New Orleans as a port and trading center. They built their houses and business in the only high ground near the river. Called the "French Quarter" this area still exists today and has survived many floods
[French/Creole] a woman's dressing gown or robe
[French/Creole] delicacies, special treats
[French/Creole] meat pies
A smaller resort area across the bay from Chêmiére Caminad; although it was on a peninsula, much of it was marshland; therefore the easiest way to get to church from Grand Isle was by boat
pregnancy; in polite society, ladies used such words to avoid vulgar references to the body
The early French settlers brought with them the French language customs, and culture. As they became Americanized, they developed their own corrupted version of the French language, added traditions, and developed their own cuisine that essentially created their own distinct sub-culture.
Alphonse Daudet (1840-1897), a French author, whose writing was influenced by the naturalistic philosophy
[French/Creole] "For example!"
"Passez! Adieu!" Allex vous-en!"
[French/Creole] "Pass! Goodbye! Go away!"
Gangrene is a serious infection that leads to the decay and decomposition of the flesh, usually an arm or leg. This phrase suggests that the passion felt is both dangerous and destructive.
"Blagueur-farceur-fros bete, va!"
[French/Creole] "You comedian-trickster-you beast!"
"Mais ce...forc, oui."
[French/Creole] "But that's not bad! She understands it, she has the skill, yes."
Furbelows are flounces or elaborate trim on a dress or shirt. Befurbelowed means to be dressed up in particularly fancy clothes
abysses of solitude
Abysses are very deep, almost bottomless crevices. This phrase suggests an abundance of loneliness
[French/Creole] my dear
[French/Creole] Poor dear
An actor is writer who specializes in tragic plays
"Voila que Madame Ratignolle est jalouse!"
[French/Creole] "See how jealous Madame Ratignolle is!"
[French/Creole] trickster, clown
[French/Creole] My gosh
[French/Creole] a good waiter
Edmond Louis Antoine Huot de Goncourt (1822-1896), a French author who wrote naturalistic novels along with his brother Jules GOncourt(1830-1870)
[French/Creole] A quick tempered or rash person
"removed to other spheres"
Taken from the Earth; possibly gone to heaven
Frederic Chopin (1810-1849) was a Polish musician. The music he wrote for the piano is admired today for its beautiful melodies and subtle harmonies. In the 19th century, he was famous for his romantic affairs, as well as his innovative misic
[French/Creole] Good God!
A nearby island
In 1754, the British captured Canada by winning the Battle of Quebec. Concerned that the native French population might stage an uprising and support and French invasion, the British forcibly removed the French settlers from an area called Acadia in what is now the province of Nova Scotia. These settlers were forced to move to New Orleans, the only other French colony Britain has access to. The Acadians became a part of what became the Creole culture although, in some ways, they remained distinct from it
poudre de riz
a face powder made from ground up rice
Pioneers who settled deep in the marshlands (bayous) under the leadership of the famous French pirate Jean La Fitte; they were primarily smugglers and pirates; therefore they were often thought of in conjunction with buried or hidden treasure. Their main settlement was called Bartaria and it is not far from the resorts that are the setting for this part of the novel
"Si tu savais"
[French/Creole] If you knew
The town of Bethlehem in England was the home of one of the first asylums for the insane. Local pronunciation shortened the word to bedlam and because the asylum was loud, noisy and chaotic, bedlam soon became synonymous with loud, boisterous, and uncontrolled behavior
a court bouillon
concentrated cube of beef or chicken mixed with boiling water or other flavored liquid and cooked for a sort time
a religious disposition that forgives sins before they are committed
a table for makeup and perfumes
All of the streets named in the book are actual streets that existed in New Orleans in the 1890s
[French/Creole]conventions, acceptable social behavior
"crying his wares"
"selling his products"
[French/Creole]a carriage gateway, main entry
[French/Creole]an evening of music
en bonne ménagere
[French/Creole] a well managed household
[French/Creole] furnished rooms
[French/Creole] the current ruling class
Paddle-boat steamships that were common on the Mississippi River in the 19th century
A leg covering that goes over the show and ankle and is made of a strong flexible fabric
la belle dame
[French/Creole] the beautiful woman
[French/Creole] a mild oath
en bou ami
[French/Creole] as a good friend
[French/Creole] until Thursday
A county northwest of New Orleans, originally a farming center that produced mostly sugar cane; later, it became a center fo logging and wood products. This is where Edna's children spend part of the year with relatives
A French phrase meaning medium rare
Before the invention of safety matches, which could only be lit by being scratched on a special surface, there was the danger of matches lighting accidentally while in one's pocket. A match safe was a small metal container that held matches and offered protections from spontaneous ignition
[French/Creole] my beauty
[French/Creole] strong spirit
[French/Creole] my queen
[French/Creole] a blow to the state, the overthrow of established order
"his cravat was plumb"
A cravat is a wide, flowing tie. Plumb comes from a carpenter's tool called a plumb bob used to make sure things were perpendicular to teh ground. He wants to be sure his tie is straight
[French/Creole] my beauty
nom de guerre
[French/Creole] war name; here it is used as a pseudonym
mets, entre mets
[French/Creole] a dish of food, dessert
[French/Creole] suffering greatly
bonne nuit, ma reine; soyez sage
[French/Creole] Good night, my queen, be good
Ce que tes yeux me dissent
[French/Creole] What your eyes are saying to me
an ornamental flower bed
[French/Creole] twenty one; a card game similar to blackjack
[French/Creole]a Creole head covering similar to a turban
a person with African and Native American ancestors
Lucullus was a Roman general most known for his elaborate, expensive banquets
Recommended textbook explanations
Bien dit!: Vocabulary and Grammar Workbook
Bien dit! 2
Discovering French Today! 1
Jean-Paul Valette, Rebecca M. Valette
Discovering French, Nouveau!: Blanc 2
Jean-Paul Valette, Rebecca M. Valette
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