Cells

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cell wall
tough and rigid to provide shape and support
cell membrane
controls what enters and exits the cell
vacuole
stores food, water, and waste
lysosomes
digests dead cell parts and some waste
chloroplast
uses light energy to create sugar and oxygen
mitochondria
uses sugar to create energy
cytoplasm
watery substance that keeps all organelles in place
nucleus
controls all cell activities and contains the DNA
plant cell
boxy-shaped cell with chloroplasts and cell wall
animal cell
cell with no set shape, no cell wall, and no chloroplasts
cell
basic unit of structure and function in organisms
prokaryote
cells that do not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound organelles
eukaryote
cells that have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles
DNA
a molecule in all living cells that contains the information that determines the traits a living thing inherits and needs to live
organelle
one of the small bodies found in the cell's cytoplasm that are specialized to perform a specific function
organism
a living thing that carries out life processes
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