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50 terms

Chapter 10& 11 Medical Terms

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neonatology
medical term meaning " study of newborns."
multigravida
medical term meaning " more than one pregnancy."
menorrhagia
medical term meaning excessive bleeding during the menstrual period.
dysmenorrhea
medical term for difficult menstrual flow (cramping).
dystocia
diagnostic term that means "difficult labor and childbirth.
pelvicmetry
measurement of the pelvic area to see if the fetus can be delivered vaginally.
crptorchidism...
the failure of the testes to descend into the scrotal sac before birth.
balanitis...
medical term meaning "inflammation the glans penis.
aspermia...
medical term meaning "state of no sperm".
prostate cancer...
PSA procedure that provides a screening test.
perineum...
region between the vaginal orifice and the anus.
embryo
from the time the fertilized egg implants in the uterus until approx. the end of the 8th wk, the infant is known as
40 weeks
normal length of time for a pregnancy, gestation.
puberty
beginning of menstruation and the ability to reproduce.
miscarriage...
spontaneous abortion.
pelvic ultrasonography...
use of ultrasound waves to produce an image of an organ, such as the uterus, ovaries, or fetus.
amniocentesis
puncturing of the amniotic sac using a needle and syringe.
vasectomy
removal of a segment or all the vas deferns to prevent sperm from leaving the male body.
castration...
removal of the testicles in the male and the ovaries in the female.
spermatolysis...
medical term meaning "sperm destruction."
PI...
abbreviation for "first delivery".
hysterectomy
medical term that means "surgical removal of the uterus".
mammoplasty...
medical term that means "surgical repair of the breast".
mastectomy...
medical term that means " surgical removal of the breast".
hysterectomy
surgical removal of the uterus.
androgen, estrogen, progesterone
responsible for reproduction and secondary sexual characteristics.
insulin
regulates and promotes entry of glucose into cells.
above the kidneys
the two adrenal glands are located where?
menstrual cycle
estrogen is responsive for the appearance of the female sexual characteristics of the
master gland
pituitary glands is sometimes referred to as
adrenomegaly
enlarged adrenal glands
hypocalcemia
low calcium in the blood
hypoglycemia
low sugar in the blood
hyperkalemia
excessive potassium in the blood
thymectomy
removal of the thymus
hyperthyroidism
state of excessive thyroid
polydipsia
much (excessive) thirst
glycosuria
sugar in the urine
hirsutism
excessive amount of hair
Type 1 diabetes mellitus
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is also called
thyromegaly
enlargement of the thyroid gland
thyrotoxicosis
marked overproduction of the thyroid gland.
thyroid function test
blood test to measure the levels of thyroxin, triiodotyronine and thyroid-stimulating hormone in the bloodstream to assist in determining thyroid function.
Glucose tolerance test
test to determine the blood sugar level.
Fasting blood sugar
blood test to measure the amount of sugar circulating throughout the body after a 12 hour fast.
adrenalectomy
removal of the adrenal glands
obesity
having abnormal amounts of fat in the body
dorsal surface of the thyroid gland
where are the 4 tiny parathyroid glands located
underneath the brain
where the the pituitary glands located
scrotal sac of the male
the two testes are the two oval glands that are located where?