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APES chapter 1 vocab
Terms in this set (51)
Variety of genes, organisms, species, and ecosystems in which organisms react
Pollutants that can be broken down into simple/harmless substances in nature over a course of time
Whole of a society's knowledge, beliefs, technology, and practice
Countries that are more industrialized and have higher per capita income levels
Counties that are less industrialized and have lower per capita income levels
The amour of land and water needed to supply a person or and area with renewable resources such as food and water
Ecological tipping point
Point at which an environmental problem reaches a threshold level, which causes an often irreversible shift in the behavior of a natural system
The biological science that studies how living things interact with one another and their environment
Improvement of human living standards by economic growth
Increase in the capacity to provide people with goods and services and an increase in GDP
Everything around us (living and no living) with which we interact with in a complex web of relationships that connect us to one another and the world
The process of wasting, depleting, and degrading the earths natural capital
Study of our various beliefs about what is right and wrong with how we treat the environment
An interdisciplinary study of how humans interact with living and nonliving parts of the environment
Enviornmental wisdom worldview
Says that we are part of and dependent on nature and that he earths life support system is for all species not just us
set of assumptions and values reflecting how you think the world works and what you think your role in the world should be
A social movement dedicated to trying to protect the earths life-support systems for all terms of life
environmentally sustainable economy
society that meets the current and future basic resource needs of its people in a just and equitable manner without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their basic needs
when a quantity such as human population increases at a fixed percentage per unit of time, such as 1% or 2% per year
gross domestic product (GDP)
input pollution control
he process of preventing pollutants from entering the environment.
less developed countries
most of them in Africa, Asia and Latin america.
Mid income, moderately developed countries: India , China ,Brazil. Low income, least developed countries: Nigeria, Congo, Haiti.
more developed countries
industrialized nations with high average income-have 17% of the world's populations and include the United states, Canada, Japan, Australia, and most European countries.
The natural resources and services that keep us and other species alive and support human economies
the renewable resources such as plants, animals, soil, clean air, and clean water provided by the earth's natural capital.
Materials and energy in nature that are essential or useful for humans
Processes provided by healthy ecosystems
A pollutant that is not broken down by natural processes.
resources that cannot be rapidly replaced by natural means. exists in a fixed quantity in the earths crust
dispersed and often difficult to identify.
example:Pesticides blown from the land into the air and the runoff of fertilizers, pesticides, and trash from the land into streams and lakes.
The circulation of chemicals necessary for life, from the environment (mostly from soil and water) through organisms and back to the environment.
A living thing
output pollution control
The process of removing harmful pollutants from the environment. Synonym of pollution cleanup.
per capita ecological footprints
The average ecological footprint of an individual in a given country or area
per capita GDP
The estimated income of each person in a country per year.
Essentially inexhaustible resource on a human time scale because it is renewed continuously. Solar energy is an example.
planetary management worldview
sates that we are separate from and in charge of nature, that nature exists mainly to meet our needs and increasing wants, and that we can use our ingenuity and tech to manage the earth's life-supports systems, mostly for our benefit, into the distant future.
Single identifiable sources EX: smokestack of a coal-burning power or industrial plant.
contamination of the environment by a chemical or other agent such as noise or heat to a level that is harmful to the health
cleaning up or diluting pollutants after we have produced them.
Efforts focused on greatly reducing or eliminating the production of pollutants.
condition in which people are unable to fulfill their basic needs for adequate food, water, shelter, health care, and education.
To collect and reprocess a resource so that it can be made into new products
resource that can be replenished by natural processes within hours to centuries
Anything that we can obtain from the environment to meet our needs and wants
To use a product over and over again in the same form.
the networks of relationships among people who live and work in a particular society, enabling that society to function effectively.
states that we can and should manage the earth for our benefit, but that we have an ethical responsibility to be caring and responsible managers, or stewards, of the earth.
the capacity of the earth's natural systems and human cultural systems to survive, flourish, and adapt to changing environmental conditions into the very long term future.
The highest rate at which we can use a renewable resource indefinitely without reducing it availability
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