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SOL VOCABULARY 101-134

STUDY
PLAY
FIVE PILLARS
THE BASIC CONCEPTS OF ISLAM.
SUNNI
ISLAMIC SECT BELIEVING THE CALIPHATE COULD BE HELD BY ANY DEVOUT MUSLIM.
SHI'A/SHITTE
ISLAMIC SECT BELIEVING THE CALIPHATE SHOULD BE HELD BY A DESCENDANT OF
MUHAMMAD.
DOME OF THE ROCK
HOLY MOSQUE BUILT ON A SITE IN JERUSALEM FROM WHERE MUHAMMAD ASCENDED TO HEAVEN.
MOORS
MUSLIMS OF SPAIN.
BATTLE OF TOURS
ENDED THE EXPANSION OF ISLAM INTO WESTERN EUROPE.
MONASTERY
A RELIGIOUS COMMUNITY OF MEN WHO HAVE TAKEN RELIGIOUS VOWS.
MISSIONARIES
PEOPLE WHO SPREAD A RELIGIOUS MESSAGE.
PARISH
THE LOCAL CONGREGATION OF CATHOLICISM WITH A PRIEST AS LEADER.
MANOR
AN ESTATE WITH PEASANT WORKERS GRANTED TO A NOBLE IN EXCHANGE FOR LOYALTY AND
MILITARY HELP.
VASSAL
. A NOBLE WHO RECEIVED LAND FROM AND SERVED A HIGHER-RANKING LORD.
FRANKS
MEDIEVAL PEOPLES LIVING IN THE AREA OF PRESENT DAY FRANCE.
ARCHIPELAGO
. A GROUP OR CHAIN OF ISLANDS.
SHINTO
ETHNIC RELIGION OF JAPAN.
COMMON LAW
. LAW BASED ON JUDICIAL OPINION.
MAGNA CARTA
. DOCUMENT RESTRICTING THE POWERS OF THE ENGLISH KING AND LISTING INDIVIDUAL FREEDOMS FOR ENGLISH PEOPLE.
CRUSADES
. RELIGIOUS WARS TO RECONQUER MIDDLE EASTERN HOLY LANDS, ESPECIALLY JERUSALEM, BY CHRISTIANITY.
SECULAR
. REFERS TO NON-RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATIONS/BELIEFS.
REINCARNATION
BELIEF THAT A PERSON WILL RETURN AFTER THEIR DEATH IN ANOTHER FORM.
KARMA
THE IDEA THAT ONE'S ACTIONS IN LIFE DETERMINE ONE'S DESTINY AND FUTURE.
ANIMISM
RELIGIOUS BELIEF IN SPIRITS, WHICH REGULATE DAILY LIFE, ARE PRESENT IN ANIMALS, PLANTS, AND OTHER NATURAL FORCES INCLUDING SOULS OF DEAD ANCESTORS.
VEDAS
RELIGIOUS SCRIPTURES OF HINDUISM.
CASTE
. A RIGID SOCIAL CLASS SYSTEM ON USED BY THE ARYA IN INDIA WHICH PLACED PEOPLE IN A PARTICULAR SOCIAL CLASS FROM WHICH THEY COULD NOT MOVE.
NOBLE TRUTHS
MAIN IDEAS OF THE RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHY OF BUDDHISM.
EIGHTFOLD PATH TO ENLIGHTENMENT
THE COURSE IN BUDDHISM THAT WOULD LEAD TO FREEDOM FROM THE CYCLE OF REBIRTH.
GUPTA EMPIRE
. GOLDEN AGE OF CLASSICAL INDIA.
GREAT WALL
FORTIFIED BARRIER CONSTRUCTED BY SHI HUANGDI TO PROTECT EAST ASIAN PEOPLE FROM ATTACKS.
CIVIL SERVICE
PROFESSIONAL GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION WHICH REQUIRED TESTING IN ORDER TO WORK
IN GOVERNMENT.
YIN/YANG
REPRESENTATION OF GOOD AND EVIL OR ANY OPPOSING FORCES IN CONFUCIANISM.
CASTLE
. MEDIEVAL BUILDING DESIGNED TO PROTECT THE MANOR/FIEF FROM INVASION.
(BUBONIC PLAGUE) BLACK DEATH
PLAGUE THAT KILLED UP TO 1/3 OF EUROPEANS DURING THE MIDDLE AGES.
RENAISSANCE
PERIOD OF RENEWED INTEREST IN CLASSICAL CULTURE DURING THE LATE MEDIEVAL PERIOD IN EUROPE.
GUTENBERG BIBLE
THE FIRST FULL SIZED BOOK PRINTED WITH MOVABLE TYPE AND THE PRINTING PRESS.
USURY
THE PRACTICE OF LENDING MONEY AND CHARGING INTEREST, WHICH WAS OPPOSED BY THE MEDIEVAL CHURCH.