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84 terms

The world of Art ch4-8

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analytic line
Epitomized by the vertical and horizontal grid.
autographic line
Any use of line that is distinct to the artist who employs it and is therefore recognizable as a kind of "signature" style
Classical line
a line that is mathematical, precise and rationally organized
contour line
The visible border of an object in space
expressive line
A kind of line that springs from the artist's emotions or feelings - loose, gestural and energetic - epitomized by curvilinear forms, as opposed to analytic or classical line.
shape
a two-dimensional area, the boundaries of which are measured in terms of height and width. the form of any object or figure.
mass
Any solid that occupies a three-dimensional volume
three-dimensional space
Any space that possesses height, width, and depth
two-dimensional space
Any space that is flat, possessing height and width, but no depth, such as a piece of drawing paper or a canvas
negative shape / negative space
Empty space, surrounded and shaped so that is acquires a sense of form or volume.
figure-ground reversal
a two dimensional work in which the relationship between a form or figure and its background is reversed so that what was figure becomes background and what was background becomes figure
scale
the comparative size of an object in relation to other objects and settings
vanishing point
In linear perspective, the point on the horizon line where parallel lines appear to converge
vantage point
In linear perspective, the point where the viewer is positioned
Foreshortening
The modification of perspective to decrease distortion resulting from the apparent visual contraction of an object or figure as it extends backward from the picture plane at an angle approaching the perpendicular
one-point linear perspective
A version of linear perspective in which there is only one vanishing point in the composition.
two-point linear perspective
A version of linear perspective in which there are two (or more) vanishing points in the composition
Atmospheric perspective
a technique, to give the sense of the 3rd dimension on paintings using contrast
chiaroscuro
used in drawings and paintings, the use of light and dark to create the effect of the 3 dimensional, modeled surfaces
tenebrism
a Heightened form of Chiaroscuro
primary colors
the hues of colors that in theory cannot be created from a mixture of other hues: pigment colors are red, yellow and blue and refracted colors are red-orange, green, and blue-violet
secondary colors
Hues created by combining two primary colors: pigment colors are orange, green, and violet and refracted colors are yellow, magenta, and cyan
intermediate colors
the range of colors between primary color and its secondary
palette
used to hold paint of different hues when painting
analogous color
pairs of colors that adjacent to each other on the color wheel like yellow and orange
complementary color
pairs of colors that are directly opposite on the color wheel, like red and green
texture
surface quality of a work
actual texture
the real feeling of the object
impasto
paint applied very thickly to canvas or support
Op art
short for Optical painting, it is an art style popular around the 1960s which line and color are manipulated in ways that stimulate the eye into believing it perceives moment
frottage
a technique of putting a sheet of paper over textured surfaces and then rubbing a soft pencil across the paper
The Basket of Apples
Paul Cézanne
Man Pointing
Alberto Giacometti
Assumption and Consecration of the Virgin
Titian
The Three Crosses
Rembrandt van Rijn
The Starry Night
Vincent van Gogh
The Sower
Vincent van Gogh
Wall Drawing No. 681 C
Sol LeWitt
Numbers in Color
Jasper Johns
The Death of Socrates
Jacques Louis David
The Death of Sardanapalus
Eugène Delacroix
Lisa Lyon
Robert Mapplethorpe
Self
Martin Puryear
Two Figures
Barbara Hepworth
The Last Supper
Leonardo da Vinci
Place de l'Europe on a Rainy Day
Gustave Caillebotte
The Dead Christ
Andrea Mantegna
Harmony in Red (The Red Room)
Henry Matisse
M.Cézanne in a Red Armchair
Pau
Madonna of the Rocks
Leonardo da Vinci
Rain, Steam, and Speed—The Great Western Railway
J. M. W. Turner
In the Loge
Mary Cassatt
Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes
Artemisia Gentileschi
The Creation of Adam (restored)
Michelangelo
La Chahut (The Can-Can)
Georges Seurat
The Terrace at Vernon
Pierre Bonnard
Stanley
Chuck Close
The Night Café
Vincent van Gogh
Black Lines
Wassily Kandinsky
Untitled
Alexander Calder
Pietà
Michelangelo
Forest and Dove
Max Ernst
David
Gianlorenzo Bernini
Virgin of Guadalupe
Isidro Escamilla
Water Lilies, Morning: Willows
Claude Monet
. Drift No. 2
Bridget Riley
No. 29
Jackson Pollock
Room for St. John of the Cross
Bill Viola
. Study of Human Proportion: The Vitruvian Man
Leonardo da Vinci
Coronation of the Virgin
Enguerrand Quarton
Rose window
found in the Chartres Cathedral
Orange Crush
Larry Poons
Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor).
Diego Velázquez
The Great Wave off Kanagawa
Hokusai; from the series Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji
La Memoria de Nuestra Tierra
Judith F. Baca
actual weight
the physical weight of material in pounds, opposed to visual weight
scale
comparative size of an object in relation to other objects and settings
repetition and rhythm
an effect achieved when shape, colors, or a regular pattern of any kind is repeated over and over again
symmetrical balance
symmetrical if u were to draw a line right in the middle of the object
asymmetrical balance
they lack balance but possess the same visual weight
radial balance
which everything radiates outward from a central point
absolute symmetry
when each side is exactly the same
focal point
the point where it is visually the center of attention
bilateral symmetry
when both sides almost alike, but only minor dissimilarities