22 terms

Psychology

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William Wundt
Established the first laboratory of experimental psychology in 1879
B.F. Skinner
developed operant conditioning and studied behavioral perspective
Sigmund Freud
Father of modern psychology
The purpose of psychology
To study how people think, feel, act
Clinical Psychologist
diagnoses and treats people with emotional disturbances
Steps of the Scientific Method
observation, hypothesis, experiment, collect data, analyze, conclude.
Selective Attention
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
Selective Inattention
what we are not focused on, what we do not notice
cognitive psychology
the study of how people, think, learn and remember
classical conditioning
type of learning to associate stimuli and anticipate events, e.g Pavlov's dogs
Ego
Conscious, rational thinking
ID
Unconscious, instinct thinking
Super ego
Part conscious, mostly unconscious, moral thoughts
Sensation
Process that activates our sense receptors
Perception
Process that allows us to select, organise and interpret sensory signals in the brain
Hypothesis
A testable prediction
Independent variable
Variable which is changed on purpose
Dependent variable
Variable which is measured
Psychiatrist
A medical doctor who has specialised in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders
Forensic Psychologist
Experts in human thought and behaviour who are brought in by the law to provide psychological assessments
serial killer
A person who has killed 3 or more persons in three or more separated events with a cooling-off period in between murders
Psychodynamic theory
unconscious mental processes and the influence of early childhood on personality development

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