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Terms in this set (20)
(Logical) FallacyA mistake or weakness in reasoning that renders an argument ineffective or invalid that typically arise when supporting evidence does not fit the claim. Student writers should beware so that they do not claim too much; they do not oversimplify complex issues; and they should support the argument with concrete evidence and specific proposals.Figurative LanguageA word or words that are inaccurate literally, but describe by calling to mind sensations or responses that the thing described evokes. Figurative language may be in the form of metaphors or similes, both non-literal comparison.Juxtapositionplacement of two things closely together to emphasize similarities or differencesLogosThe way a text is seen to be effective because of the logical structure of its central argument- this has JUST AS MUCH TO DO WITH STRUCTURE as with facts and figuresParallelismSimilarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clausesPathosQualities the way a text is seen to be effective because it draws on the emotions of the audiencePersonathe face or character that a speaker shows to the audiencePolysyndetonSentence that uses and or another conjunction with no commas to separate the items in a series usually appearing in an x and y pattern stressing equally each member of the series. It makes the sentence more emphatic.PurposeThe reasoning for an author to do somethingRhetoricThe art of finding all the available means of persuasion in a given case. The art of writing or speaking well