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tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention than is achieved through massed study or practice
-study repeatedly to boost long-term recall
-more time rehearsing
-material personality meaningful
-refresh by retrieval cues
unconscious encoding of incidental info, such as space, time, and frequency, and of well-learned info (word meaning)
attributing to the wrong source of an event that they have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined
tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's current good or bad mood
in psychoanalytic theory, basis defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories
example of memory construction
when people who saw film of a car accident and were asked a leading question they recalled a more accident than they had witnessed
mental pics; a powerful aid to effortful processing, especially when combined with semantic encoding
memory aids, especially those techniques that use vivid imagery and organizational devices
a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli, a photographic or picture-image memory lasting no more than a few 10ths of a second
a momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli; if attention is elsewhere sounds and words can still be recalled with in 3 or 4 seconds
long-term potentiation (LTP)
increase in a synapse's firing potential after brief, rapid stimulation, believed to be a neutral basis for learning and memory
eerie sense that "I've experienced this before." cues from current situation may subconsciously trigger retrieval of an earlier experience
measure of memory in which person need only identify items previously learned (multiple choice tests)
conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it in consciousness or to encode it for storage
a measure of memory when person must retrieve information learned earlier (fill in the blank)
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