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38 terms

Nutrition

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Minerals
example of inorganic nutrients
Protein
is an organic nutrient
Lipids
are the most energy dense nutrients (provide the most calories per gram
Vitamins
nutrients that provide no energy
healthful diet characteristics
adequacy, balance, moderation and variety
balance
refers to eating the right proportions of food.
process of digestion order
mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine
small intestine
organ which the majority of nutrients are absorbed.
Grains
the bulk of one's calories should come from grains
My Pyramid
The dietary guidelines for Americans recommends using the My pyramid to assist in designing a healthful diet.
The new pyramid take into account all things except
ethnicity
absorption
the process in which nutrients pass thorugh the wall of the gastrointestinal tract
which of the following is not required on a food label
calcium
ingredients
are listed from greatest to least abundant on food labels order.
If you had a food label that said it contained 26 grams of carbs and you consumed 3 servings how many calories did you consume?
312
Hunger is
a physiological desire to consume food.
Immediately after absorption, what circulatory system carries most of the fat-soluble nutrients?
lymphatic
In which group are cheeses listed in the exchange system?
meat
DASH diet
goal is to reduce rates of HTN
Responding to the presence of protein and fat in our meal, cholecystokinin (CCK) signals the gallbladder to release a substance called:
Bile
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends consuming less then ______mg of sodium/day
2300
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) were established to refocus nutrient recommendations toward preventing
chronic diseases
The exchange system was originally designed for individuals with
diabetes mellitus
USDA
The government agency that regulates the food labels on fresh meat and poultry in the US
Gastrin
the hormone that is released after the ingestion of a meal and triggers the stomach to release digestive juices.
percent daily value
the information provided on a food label that identifies how much a serving of food contributes to your intake of nutrients based on 2, 000 calories a day
ileum
the last portion of the small intestine
case controlled study
the type of study that compares a group of individuals with a disease to another similar but healthy group
vitamins are classified into two groups
fat soluble and water soluble
H. pylori bacteria
The primary cause of peptic ulcers
carbohydrates
the primary source of fuel for the brain
What percentage of deaths in the United states can be attributed to unhealthy lifestyles behaviors such as smoking, alcohol misuse, physical activity and unbalanced diets?
40%
Which dietary standard defines the ranges of intakes for the macronutrients and is expressed as percentages of total energy?
AMDR
Portal vein
the large vessel transports absorbed nutrients to the liver
Wheat and lentils
examples of carbohydrate-rich foods
What is a limitation to the food pyramid
Recommended serving sizes do not always coincide with the foods people buy.
Pancreas
organ responsible for manufacturing and secreting of many digestive enzymes and bicarbonates.
Nutrient density
consuming foods that have the most nutrients for their calories.