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Ap World Vocab Test 2
Terms in this set (52)
the second Caliphate to succeed Muhammad. It was the caliphate that oversaw the Golden age of Islam had many technological advancements such as algebra
farmers and herders who migrated south and spread language and skills-1000BC - 1000AD. Led to creation of Swahili.
a group of people from Northern Africa. Controlled the caravan trade between the Mediterranean and the Sudan.
A deadly contagious disease caused by bacteria and spread by fleas. Like to medical vengeance in Europe in the Mediterranean basin
an inn in some Eastern countries with a large courtyard that provides accommodation for caravans
Arab sailing vessels with triangular or lateen sails; strongly influenced European ship design. Strongly influenced European ship design and helped to trade in the Indian Ocean basin.
West African kingdom between the the Senegal and Niger rivers.the arrival of Muslim merchants via camel from North Africa enabled Ghana to rise to power from its location along trams-Saharan trade routes .
The 1,100-mile (1,700-kilometer) waterway linking the Yellow and the Yangzi Rivers. It was begun in the Han period and completed during the Song Empire.A major part of trade and commerce and contributed to the fall of the Tang, because of the high cost.
An organization of cities in northern Germany and southern Scandinavia for the purpose of establishing a commercial alliance.
Moroccan Muslim scholar, the most widely traveled individual of his time. He wrote a detailed account of his visits to Islamic lands from China to Spain and the western Sudan.
Inca Road System
Roads that were meant for Chasqui(runners) to relay messages throughout the empire and llamas and alpacas were used on the road for trade. Also, facilited routes for the army.
The religion of the muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded a revealed through Muhammad(founder of Islam) as the Prophet of Allah
State that emerged around the city of Kiev in the 9th century; a culturally diverse region that included vikings as well as Finnic and Baltic peoples. Followed the BYZ culture.
Port city in the modern Southeast Asian country of Malaysia, founded about 1400 as a trading center on the Strait of Malacca.
From 1235-1400, this was a strong empire of Western African. With its trading cities of Timbuktu and Gao, it had many mosques and universities. The Empire was ruled by two great rulers, Sundiata and Mansa Musa. They upheld a strong gold-salt trade.
Vene-tian merchant and traveler. His accounts of his travels to Asian lands stimulated intrests in Asian Trade,
term that describesthe resurgence of Confusianism and the influence of Confucian scholars during the Tang dynasty
Significance: demonstrated Buddhist influences
legal currency issued on paper; it developed in China as a convenient alternative to metal coins
phrase coined by Western scholars to describe the social, cultural, and economic outcome of the Mongol Empire's conquest of the territory from Southeast Asia to Europe in the 13th and 14th centuries. As a result of the Mongol conquest, much of the "Silk Road," which connected trade centers across Asia and Europe, came under the rule of the Mongol Empire.Refers to the facilitation of communication and commerce that occurred as a result of this unified administration.
Sondian Merchant Communities
urban people who lived to the west of the Uighurs that exhibited cosmopolitan enthusiasm for Buddhist teachings, religious arts from northern India, and a mixture of East Asian and Islamic taste in dress
Successor state to Mali; dominated middle reaches of Niger valley; formed as independent kingdom under a Berber dynasty; capital at Gao; reached imperial status under Sunni Ali
East African shores of the Indian Ocean between the Horn of Africa and the Zambezi River. There were city states there that were econically prosperous.
City on the Niger river. Became a major part of the Trans-Saharan trade and a center of Islamic Learning.
Ships made by the Vikings that has a shallow draft which allowed navigation in waters only one meter deep and perimited beach landings.
A famous chinese-buddhist monk,scholor,traveler,and translator who described the interraction between China and India in the early Tang. He brought back Buddhism from India to China
Arab name given to Muslim Spain; capital at Cordoba; initially a place of tolerance between Muslims, Christians and Jews but persecution increased in the late 10th century
he Mexica; one of the nomadic tribes that penetrated into the sedentary zone of the Mesoamerican plateau after the fall of the Toltecs; established empire after 1325 around shores of Lake Texcoco.
Eastern portion of the Roman Empire which survived beyond the collapse of the Roman Empire with its capital at Constantinople; retained Mediterranean culture, particularly Greek; later lost Palestine, Syria, and Egypt to Islam.
A political religious system in which the secular ruler is also head of the religious establishment
Code of Justinian
An organized collection and explanation of old roman laws that were fixed by Justinian 1st for use by the Byzantine Empire.
religious conceptualization of the world as belonging either to Muslim or non-Muslim territory, exists within Islam.
Equal Field System
Agricultural reform favoring the peasants under the Han dynasty in China, inheritance system where 1/5 of the land when to the peasant's descendants and the rest went to the government.
Female Monastic Orders
Women in christianity could be nuns ,and in Budhhism women could be monks or nones.
Decentralized political order
Lords w/authority in local regions
Valued military talent and discipline
Samurai=warrior (similar to knights in Europe)
Feudalism emerges from tax system flaw: Wealth landowners were exempt from taxes, peasants sold land to nobles and nobles gained more land, nobles hired samurai to protect their land
Political system in which land is exchanged for protection.
1. King (no real power; only figurehead)
2. Lords (receive a fief from the king)
3. Vassals (lesser lords)
4. Knights (warrior class)
5. Serfs (provided free labor)
The major civilization of South America that reached its peak around the mid-16th century C.E. The Incan Empire was built upon traditional Andean economic practices, and at its height controlled land from Peru to the middle of Chile.
King of the Mali empire in West Africa from 1312 the 1337, is known mostly for his fabulous pilgrimage to Mecca and for his promotion of unity and prosperity within Mali, also brought the attention of Muslim world to Mali. Also constructed the Great Mosque of Jenne during his time.
Four regional Mongol kingdoms that arose following the death of Chinggis Khan
this dynasty was started by Taizu(Zhao Kuangyin); by 1000, a million people were living there; started feet binding; had a magnetic compass; had a navy; traded with india and persia (brought pepper and cotton); first to have paper money, explosive gun powder; Also promoted the scholar gentry over the Military and Aristocracy*landscape black and white paintings, Dynasty that replaced the Tang
The short dynasty between the Han and the Tang;strengthened the government, and introduced Buddhism to China
Sunni Shia Split
The spilt between 2 forms of Islam due to the conflict between which person should be Caliph, a direct relative to Muhammad or a king voted by citizens.
Attempt to remake Japanese monarch into an absolute Chinese style emperor; included attempts to create professional bureaucracy and peasant conscript army.
The Chinese dynasty that was much like the Han, who used Confucianism. This dynasty had the equal-field system, a bureaucracy based on merit, and a Confucian education system.
Brutal Catholic religious military campaigns against Muslims
Tributary System (TributeSystem)
A system in which, from the time of the Han Empire, countries in East and Southeast Asia not under the direct control of empires based in China nevertheless enrolled as tributary states, acknowledging the superiority of the emperors in China.
First hereditary dynasty of Muslim caliphs (661 to 750). From their capital at Damascus, the Umayyads ruled one of the largest empires in history that extended from Spain to India. Overthrown by the Abbasid Caliphate. Imposed the Jizya tax.
Definition:An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa.
Significance: Spread Islam around the Indian Ocean, which then increased trade between those countries and expanded the economy.
Raised fields constructed along lake shores in Mesoamerica to increase agricultural yields
Quick-maturing rice that can allow two harvests in one growing season. Originally introduced into Champa from India, it was later sent to China as a tribute gift by the Champa state.
In medieval Europe, an association of men (rarely women), such as merchants, artisans, or professors, who worked in a particular trade and banded together to promote their economic and political interests.
A system in which each person owed compulsory labor services to the Inca state.
the status of peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism. It was a condition of bondage or modified slavery which developed primarily during the High Middle Ages in Europe and lasted in some countries until the mid-19th century
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