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Ap World Vocab Test 3
Terms in this set (50)
The web of trade routes that bound together western Europe, Africa, and the Americas. The network of trading links that moved goods, wealth, people, and cultures around the Atlantic.
A small, easily steerable ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in their explorations in the 15th and 17th centuries
crops, such as tobacco, sugar, and cotton, raised in large quantities in order to be sold for profit
Religious reform movement within the landing Christian church, begun in response to the protestant reformation. It clarified Catholic theology and reformed clerical training and discipline.
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and Britain
The expansion of trade and commerce in Europe in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries
Domesticated animals and foods from African slaves
These are foods and animals from African slaves that were brought from Africa such as rice, okra, the dish gumbo.
a movement that emphasized science and reason as guides to help see the world more clearly
Global Silver Trade
Silver trade between the Americas and Europe and onward to China from the 16th to 18th centuries. It had a profound effect on the world economy and silver tradecould also be considered the beginning of the global economy.
The people,or Society of Jesus, was founded as a teaching and missionary order to resist the spread of Protestantism and to spread Catholicism. These people were missionary said spread Christianity too many parts of the world.
Joint Stock Company
A business in which investors pool their wealth for a common purpose, then share the profits
practice of creating and maintaining wealth by carefully controlling trade.
Prince Henry the Navigator
This was the Portuguese Prince that gave steadfast financial and moral support to the navigators. Sent others to explore for him, made very first explorer school, first person to value exploring.
Religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church resulted in the creation of protestant churches.
The term means rebirth and in this case a rebirth of Greek and Roman philosophy's.
Originally a Turkic pneumatic group; family originated in Sufi mystic group; espoused Sh'i'ism; conquered territory and established kingdom in region equivalent to mordern Iran; lasted until 1722.
An Afro-Caribbean religion(starting in Cuba)based on Yoruba and Christianity beliefs. Similar to Vodun.
Is this was an era of intellectual and cultural revolution when scientist begin questioning the teachings of the church and using the scientific method for theories about the natural world. Much of our current scientific understanding has its foundation in this movement, and it altered man's view of his place in the universe.
a monotheistic religion founded in Punjab in the 15th century by Guru Nanak that mixed Hindu and Islamic cultures.
African religious ideas and practices among descendants of African slaves in Haiti. It is a culture of African and Christianity elements.
Name given to the spread of African peoples across the Atlantic via the slave trade. The forced removal of Africans from their homeland to serve as slaves in the Americas.
The ownership of human beings as property. During this time it was African slaves
the system in which conquistadors had forced Native Americans to do work for them in their Spanish American Colonies.
Spanish colonists formed large, self-sufficient farming estates known as these.
An agreement to exchange labor for travel expenses an/or job training for a certain amount of time. This happened in Europe.
Little Ice Age
A period of cooling temperatures and harsh winters that lasted for much of the early modern era.
economic system in Incan society where people paid taxes with their labor and what they produced
An economy which is based on agricultural mass production, usually have a few steeple products grown on large farms called plantations.
a local official in Mogul India who received a plot of farmland for temporary use in return for collecting taxes for the central government
A monarchial form of government in which the monarch exercises ultimate governing authority as head of state and government.
Strict social hierarchy structured on racial components, designed to ensure Spanish-European dominance in new Spain
Ottoman policy of taking boys from Christian peoples to be trained as Muslim soldiers,government officials,etc.
the idea that monarchs are God's representatives on earth and are therefore answerable only to God.
elite infantry units that formed the Ottoman Sultan's household troops and bodyguards
Manchu Dynasty that seized control of China in mid-17th century after decline of Ming; forced submission of nomadic peoples far to the west and compelled tribute from Vietnam and Burma to the south.The two hundred year old Chinese dynasty that was the last emperors of China.
an empire composed of small portions of land separated by water. Settled in areas that provide profit to the empire.Major Major empires of this were Britain,Portugal,and Spain.
Suceeded Mongol Yuan Dynasty in China in 1368; lasted until 1644; initially mounted huge trade expeditions to southern Asia and elsewhere, but later concentrated efforts on internal development within China
Muslim state exercising dominion over most of India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Akbar and Aurangzeb were this empires best leaders.
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
A trade rivalry between the Omani of the Middle East and the European traders.
A Muslim empire based in Turkey that lasted from the 1300's to 1922. Founded by Oman in NW Anatolia. Turned Constantinople into Istanbul.
Ottoman miniature painting
A small paintings were popular in the middle east and south Asia in the 15th and 16th centuries, often depicting scenes from the Qu'ran
Fighting between a Sunni Muslim Kingdom and a Shia Muslim Kingdom
. During the 1770s in reign of Catherine the great; a rebellion led by Emelyan Pugachev, who claimed to be a legitimate tsar; tried to restore traditional system with rights for peasants Eventually crushed; typical of peasant unrest during the 18th century and there after.
As the empire expanded, so did its cultural, ethnic and linguistic diversity. Becoming the world's largest state.
A revolt of Japanese warriors due to wages,theology,etc. This revolt decimated the Japanese infrastructure
A beautiful tomb in Agra, India, built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Thirty Years War
War within the Holy Roman Empire between German Protestants and their allies. Ended in 1648 after great destruction with the Treaty of Westphalia.
a dynasty of shoguns that ruled a unified Japan from 1603 to 1867 that strove to isolate it from foreign influences.
White Lotus Rebellion
Peasant rebellion against the Qing dynasty led by the Buddhist cult known as the White Lotus Society
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