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Ap World Vocab Test 4
Terms in this set (50)
an economic system based on open competition in a free market, in which individuals and companies own the means of production and operate for profit. Adam Smith was an Scottish Economist who advocated free trade and private enterprise.
Causes of Industrialization
technological innovation, abundance of natural resources, large workforce, business consolidation
Emphasizes freedom, democracy, and the importance of the individual. John Stuart Mill advocated Classical Liberalism a lot.
system bringing manufacturing steps together in one place to increase efficiency
The development of industries for the machine production of goods.
an organization of employees formed to bargain with the employer
A idea that society's people should own and share in mass production.
Ottoman officer who seized power in Egypt and established a separate Egyptian state
New Social Class
During the Industrial era, the factory workers were the low class; the middle class were the factory owners and office managers; the high class were the wealth industrialists,nobles,and owners of multiple factories.
Second Industrial Revolution
a period of rapid growth in manufacturing and industry in the late 1800s. Increase in technology.
Chinese attempt (1860-1895) to blend Chinese cultural traditions with European industrial technology
an engine that uses the expansion or rapid condensation of steam to generate power. Made by James Watt. It made transportation cheaper and faster.
a system for buying and selling stocks in corporations
Nineteenth century reforms by Ottoman rulers designed to make government and military more efficient through taxes. Tried to make Ottomans more like Europeans
Large corporations that are headquartered in one country but sell and produce goods and services in many countries
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements through migration.
a republic in central Africa controlled by Belgium in order to get rubber and ivory but led to the Belgian army making the natives slaves.
Meeting at which Europeans agreed on rules for colonizing Africa
Creation of Zulu Kingdom
A dominant tribe of South African People who resisted the Boers and British and made Kingdom that would fall in 1879.
Control of a country's economy by the businesses of another nation
The restoration of the Emperor Meiji to power in Japan, overthrowing the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868.
War between Great Britain and China as a conflict over the opium trade
Settlers came to live and intended to stay, colonies in which the colonizing people settled in large numbers, colonies were minority European population lived among the majority indigenous peoples.
The belief that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle. Justifies imperial power.
A ship canal in northeastern Egypt linking the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea
powerful banking and industrial families and groups in Japan
the campaign against slavery and the slave trade
A 1900 Uprising in China aimed at ending foreign influence in the country through throwing foreigners out.
the political system that society should be based on public ownership and communal control of property. It is made by Karl Marx. On the test it will say Based off Marxism.
The premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation.
Philosophical movement that changed the way people thought (politics, religion, rights, etc).
Indian Rebellion, 1857-1858
Massive uprising of much of India against British rule; also called the Indian Mutiny, or the Sepoy Mutiny from the fact that the rebellion first broke out among Indian troops in British employ
Communities formed by escaped slaves in the Caribbean, Latin American. and the United States. Helped preserve culture.
Otto von Bismarck
(1815-1898) Prussian chancellor who engineered the unification of Germany under his rule.
A economic system that says the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the welfare of all.
A rebellion against the Qing Dynasty in china, led by Hong Xiuquan.(Christian).Wanted to get rid of the Confucianism in the government and else where and change it to Christianity.
Xhosa Cattle Killing
A vision by Nongqawuse that if the Xhosa killed their cattle than their ancestors would kill the British invaders and crops , so that the British could leave. But this failed.On the test it will mention famine and death regrading this term.
Chinese and Indian Indentured Servitude
US, 1800s-1900s: Chinamen came to the United states to work as indentured servants for low pay. Gave birth to coolies, contributed to the construction of a large portion of the railroads. US, 1800s-1900s: Indians were hired to work as indentured servants and shipped to various english colonies.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
Act banning Chinese immigration into Ameriica for 10 years.
a small area occupied by a distinctive minority culture
person who moves from one region to another in search of work
Pull Factors of Migration
jobs, greater freedom, land. Make people want to come to this country.
Push Factors of Migration
economic troubles, overcrowding, poverty. Make people want to leave the country.
White Australia Policy
A policy that intentionally restricted non-white immigration to Australia
Rebellion of English American colonies along Atlantic seaboard between 1775 and 1783; resulted in independence for former British colonies and eventual formation of United States of America. Was caused due to lack of representation and lots of taxation
A revolution against Spain led by Simon Bolivar. It resulted into the creation of multiple independent countries which was not the goal ( one unified country )
Revolution in France between 1789 and 1800; resulted in overthrow of old monarchy and old regimes; ended with establishment of French Empire under Napoleon Bonaparte; source of many liberal movements and constitutions in Europe
The only successful slave revolt in history.Led by Toussaint L'Ouverture. Led to Haiti's independence from France.
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country. Was used for the unification for Germany,Italy,and Argentina
The drive for voting rights for women that took place in the United States from 1890 to 1920.
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