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The Gulf Stream moves water away from the equator; the Benguela Current moves some of this same water back toward the equator.
In the northern hemisphere, Ekman transport pushes surface water to the right of the wind direction
The unit of measurement used to describe the rate at which a volume of ocean water moves in a current is a(n):
Surface ocean circulation is driven primarily by _______ and modified by ________.
wind; the Coriolis effect and land
Convection cells driven by the relatively weak winds near the center of gyres are called:
Which of the following is true of surface water circulation near Antarctica?
Two circumpolar currents dominate it, one current that moves water to the east and one current that moves water to the west.
When a meander from the Gulf Stream pinches off and isolates a body of nearshore water, the resulting body of water is called a:
cold core ring.
Compared to an eastern boundary current in a gyre, which of the following statements is true for a western boundary current?
All the above statements are true of western boundary currents
Compared to a western boundary current, which of the following statements is true for an eastern boundary current?
Eastern boundary currents are broad and slow.
Westward intensification is associated with:
All the above statements are associated with westward intensification.
Surface waters are pushed away from land and replaced by nutrient-rich bottom water through:
The worldwide effects of El Niño include all the following except:
drought in the US Gulf coastal states.
El Niño Southern Oscillation can best be described as:
the relationship between sea surface temperature and high altitude pressure.
The Ekman spiral results from friction and the Coriolis effect, while Ekman transport results from:
The location where water flows uninterrupted between the Pacific, the Atlantic, and the Indian Oceans is
in the Southern Ocean.
The arrangement of water masses in the southern Atlantic Ocean from the surface to the bottom is:
Antarctic Intermediate Water, North Atlantic Deep Water, Antarctic Bottom Water
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