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AP Psych 8A
Terms in this set (44)
every human behavior was considered to be an instinct.
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned.
drive reduction theory
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused state that drives the organism to reduce the need by saying, eating, or drinking.
the tendency to maintain a balanced internal state.
positive or negative stimuli that motivates behavior.
when all of your needs are satisfied, an orghanism has a tendency to explore its environment.
hierarchy of motives
some needs take priority over others. The presence of a need may lead you to ignore another one.
hunger and thirst, only if these needs are met we are prompted to satisfy other needs such as safety.
need to feel that the world is organized and predicatable so you can feel safe.
belongingness and love need
need to love and be loved, seek for acceptance.
need for self-esteem, achievement, and respect from others.
self actualization need
need to live up to our fullest potential.
self transcendence need
need to find meaning and identity beyond ourselves.
hierarchy of needs
Maslow's pyramid of human needs.
the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues.
brings on hunger
hunger triggering hormone.
depresses hunger. If destroyed organisms will process food more rapidly causing overweight.
a hunger arousing hormone secreted by an empty stomach.
sister hormone of ghrelin, sends signals that suppresses hunger.(ends it)
hormone produced by the digestive tract.
protein produced by fat cells, diminishes the rewarding pleasures of food.
where an individuals thermostat is set. (average weight)
basal metabolic rate
the body's resting rate of energy expenditure.
the level at which a person's weight settles in response to caloric intake.
dislike of things that re unfamiliar.
the presence of others tend to amplify our natural behavior tendencies.
eating disorder when a person diets and becomes significantly underweight.
eating disorder which involves episodes of overeating followed by vomiting, fasting, or excessive exercise.
binge eating disorder
excessive eating followed by disgust or guilt without purging.
the genital areas become engorged with blood .
breathing, pulse and blood pressures increase. Some fluid appears at the tip of the penis. Vaginal secretion increases.
muscle contractions all over the body and increase in blood pressure, breathing, and pulse.
the male enters a refractory period where for for a day or more he is incapable of another orgasm.
resting period after orgasm, during which a man cant achieve another orgasm.
sex hormones secreted in greater amounts by females than by males. Promote sexual receptivity
male sex hormone, stimulates the growth of male sex organs in the fetus and through puberty.
drug that reproduces testosterone.
sexual attraction toward members of either one's own sex or the other sex
anterior cingulate cortex
activates in response to physical pain.
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
genetic influence on individual differences.
fraternal birth order effect
a mans likelihood of homosexuality as a function of his number of older brothers.
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