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Chapter 2: The First Civilizations Secon 2: Egyptian Life and Culture
Terms in this set (6)
an elite group of people or clerks who learned to read and write so that they could work for the government.
A process of embalming and drying corpses to prevent them from decaying
Groups of people traveling together for safety over long distances.
What did the Egyptians achieve in the arts and architecture?
The Egyptians built huge stone figures of the Great Sphinx and the pyramids; sculptors crafted small, lifelike statues or rulers and animals; building were decorated with painting os everyday life.
How did the Egyptians express their religious beliefs?
The Egyptians worshipped Gods; the most important god was Amon, or amon-Re, the creator, identified with the sun. Osiris, who judged people after death, was also associated with the Nile river. They believe that bodies had to be preserved to make life after death possible.
How were farming and trade carried on in Egypt?
Farming in Egypt was divided into large estates; peasants did most of the farming using crude hoes or wooden plows; peasants could keep part of the crop and the rest went to the pharaoh who legally owned all land, as rent and taxes. Trade was tightly controlled by the government. Merchants formed caravans that traveled from Egypt to western Asia and deep into Africa.
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