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Ch. 1 History of Psychology
Terms in this set (28)
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
A study conducted via careful observations and scientifically based research.
Fake practices or assertions that is mistakenly believed to be actual psychology.
The tendency to attend to evidence that complements and confirms our beliefs or expectations, while ignoring evidence that does not.
Psychologists who do research on basic psychological processes - as contrasted with applied psychologists
Teachers of psychology
Psychologists whose primary job is teaching
Psychologists who use the knowledge developed by experimental psychologists to solve human problems.
A medical specialty dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
A historical school of psychology devoted to uncovering the basic structures that make up mind and thought. Structuralists sought the "elements" of conscious experience.
The process of reporting on one's own conscious mental experiences
A historical school of psychology that believed mental processes could be best be understood in terms of their adaptive purpose and function.
A historical school of psychology that sought to understand how the brain works by studying perception and perceptual learning.
A historical school of psychology (as well as modern perspective) that has sought to make psychology an objective science focused only on behavior.
An approach to psychology based on Sigmund Freud assertions, which emphasizes unconscious processes
The psychological perspective that searches for the causes of behavior in the functioning of genes, the brain and nervous system, and the endocrine (hormone) system.
The field devoted to understanding how the brain creates thoughts, feelings, motives, consciousness, memories and other mental processes.
A relatively new specialty in psychology that sees behavior and mental processes in terms of their genetic adaptations for survival and reproduction.
The psychological perspective emphasizing changes that occur across the lifespan
The psychological perspective emphasizing mental processes, such as learning, memory, perception, and thinking, as forms of information processing.
Mental process, such as thinking, memory, sensation, and perception
An interdisciplinary field emphasizing brain activity as information processing
The psychological perspective emphasizing mental health and illness. Psychodynamic and humanistic psychology are variations on the clinical view.
A clinical viewpoint emphasizing the understanding of mental disorders in terms of unconscious needs, desires, memories and conflicts.
A clinical viewpoint emphasizing human ability, growth, potential, and free will
A psychological perspective that finds the source of our actions in environmental stimuli, rather in inner mental processes
A psychological perspective emphasizing the importance of social interaction, social learning and a cultural perspective
A complex blend of language, beliefs, customs, values, and traditions developed by a group of people and shared with others in the same environment.
A psychological perspective that views behavior and personality as the products of enduring psychological characteristics
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