Music History - Music Terms
Terms in this set (40)
What are the four qualities of tone?
pitch, duration, volume, timbre
What is pitch?
The highness or lowness of a note, frequency
What is duration?
The length of a note
What is volume?
the loudness or softness of a note
What is timbre?
the quality or color of a note, clarity
Name the 7 elements of musical style.
scoring, dynamics, rhythm, melody, harmony, texture, and form
Define, identify, and give an example of scoring.
score is who's performing. has to do with timbre ex: female soloist
Define, identify, and give an example of dynamics.
Dynamics are expressivity in music. has to do with volume ex: forte, piano, etc.
Define, identify, and give an example of rhythm.
Rhythm is the basic pulse of and pattern of musical sounds in a piece. has to do with duration ex: duple or triple meter
Define, identify, and give an example of melody.
Melody is the memorable tune of a piece and is the horizontal in music. one note at a time. has to do with pitch and duration ex: happy birthday
Define, identify, and give an example of harmony.
harmony is the vertical in music and consists of multiple notes at a time. has to do with pitch, duration and timbre (?) ex: major and minor keys
Define, identify, and give an example of texture.
Texture is the organization of musical lines. has to do with timbre (?). ex: monophony, homophony, polyphony
Define, identify, and give an example of form.
Form is the overall structure in a piece of music. has to do with duration (?) ex: free, strophic, ternary, binary, etc. forms
no instruments, just voices
how the composer sets the text (ex: syllabic, etc.)
one note per syllable
2 to 5 notes per syllable
lots of notes per syllable
rhythmically organizing strong and weak beats, general pattern of beats (ex: duple, etc.)
accented weak beats/offbeats
crescendo/decrescendo + diminuendo
general speed of the piece
theme and motive???
what the text is about/the reason behind the piece
phrase ending (open or closed)
self-contained unit (starts and ends)
holding on a pitch or a rest
type of music (ex: gregorian chant)
soprano (female high), alto (female low), tenor (male high), bass (male low)
any set of musical notes ordered by pitch?
space between notes (ex: octave)
the basic pulse of a piece, rhythmic movement
high point, moment of intensity in music
AAA, text can change but music remains the same
theme and variation form
ABA1B1 or AA1A2
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