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Music History - Music Terms
Terms in this set (40)
What are the four qualities of tone?
pitch, duration, volume, timbre
What is pitch?
The highness or lowness of a note, frequency
What is duration?
The length of a note
What is volume?
the loudness or softness of a note
What is timbre?
the quality or color of a note, clarity
Name the 7 elements of musical style.
scoring, dynamics, rhythm, melody, harmony, texture, and form
Define, identify, and give an example of scoring.
score is who's performing. has to do with timbre ex: female soloist
Define, identify, and give an example of dynamics.
Dynamics are expressivity in music. has to do with volume ex: forte, piano, etc.
Define, identify, and give an example of rhythm.
Rhythm is the basic pulse of and pattern of musical sounds in a piece. has to do with duration ex: duple or triple meter
Define, identify, and give an example of melody.
Melody is the memorable tune of a piece and is the horizontal in music. one note at a time. has to do with pitch and duration ex: happy birthday
Define, identify, and give an example of harmony.
harmony is the vertical in music and consists of multiple notes at a time. has to do with pitch, duration and timbre (?) ex: major and minor keys
Define, identify, and give an example of texture.
Texture is the organization of musical lines. has to do with timbre (?). ex: monophony, homophony, polyphony
Define, identify, and give an example of form.
Form is the overall structure in a piece of music. has to do with duration (?) ex: free, strophic, ternary, binary, etc. forms
no instruments, just voices
how the composer sets the text (ex: syllabic, etc.)
one note per syllable
2 to 5 notes per syllable
lots of notes per syllable
rhythmically organizing strong and weak beats, general pattern of beats (ex: duple, etc.)
accented weak beats/offbeats
crescendo/decrescendo + diminuendo
general speed of the piece
theme and motive???
what the text is about/the reason behind the piece
phrase ending (open or closed)
self-contained unit (starts and ends)
holding on a pitch or a rest
type of music (ex: gregorian chant)
soprano (female high), alto (female low), tenor (male high), bass (male low)
any set of musical notes ordered by pitch?
space between notes (ex: octave)
the basic pulse of a piece, rhythmic movement
high point, moment of intensity in music
AAA, text can change but music remains the same
theme and variation form
ABA1B1 or AA1A2
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Music Theory Exam Review
Music Praxis - Music History
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music 152 exam 1