Unit 12: Human Biology
Terms in this set (42)
Control center of the nervous system
A large structure of the hindbrain that controls fine motor skills.
Area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of the body
A brain structure that relays information from the cerebellum to the rest of the brain
A small part of the brain above the pons that integrates sensory information and relays it upward.
Part of the brainstem that controls vital life-sustaining functions such as heartbeat, breathing, blood pressure, and digestion.
Connects the brain and spinal cord
A region of the cerebral cortex that has specialized areas for movement, abstract thinking, planning, memory, and judgement
A region of the cerebral cortex responsible for hearing and language.
A region of the cerebral cortex whose functions include processing information about touch.
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join to form a new cell
a system of organs that involved with animal reproduction, especially sexual reproduction
two small glands that secrete a fluid rich in sugar that nourishes and helps sperm move
A gland in males that contributes to the seminal fluid.
tube that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra
tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
A long, coiled duct on the outside of the testis in which sperm mature.
External sac that contains the testes
Male reproductive organ
The male gonads, which produce sperm and secrete male sex hormones.
Glands that produce the egg cells and hormones
tubes which carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus and which provides the place where fertilization occurs
Female organ of reproduction used to house the developing fetus.
The opening to the uterus
A structure that allows an embryo to be nourished with the mother's blood supply
a tube containing the blood vessels connecting the fetus and placenta
a fluid-filled sac that cushions and protects a developing embryo and fetus in the uterus
fluid within the amniotic sac that surrounds and protects the fetus
The cells and tissues that recognize and attack foreign substances in the body
An organism that causes disease
the short-term immunity that results from the introduction of antibodies from another person or animal.
the immunity that results from the production of antibodies by the immune system in response to the presence of an antigen.
A type of white blood cell that ingests invading microbes
Specialized proteins that aid in destroying infectious agents
Cells created in the thymus that produce substances that attack infected cells in the body.
Cells manufactured in the bone marrow that create antibodies for isolating and destroying invading bacteria and viruses.
A protein that, when introduced in the blood, triggers the production of an antibody
General term for lymphocytes that are responsible for immunological memory and protective immunity.
immune response that relies on T cells to destroy infected body cells
specific immunity produced by B cells that produce antibodies that circulate in body fluids
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