Unit 4 Terms
Terms in this set (26)
Slave rebellion leader(Virginia.) Captured & executed in 1831; slaveholders increased restrictions and treated slaves more harshly
large plantation slaveholder minority OWN the South and control it; most southern whites were poor and did not own slaves
Allowed Missouri to enter as a slave state, Maine to enter as a free state, prohibited slavery in territory north of latitude 36˚30'
one who opposes the practice of slavery; believed that slaves should be freed immediately without payment to former slaveholders
To break away (from the Union) formally
Loyalty to one's own region or state interests ahead of national interests; caused by slavery
Agricultural invention by Eli Whitney that led to more cotton being produced thereby the expansion of slavery.
escaped slavery, wrote an autobiography and founded the nonviolent abolitionist newspaper, the North Star.
A dispute over tariffs led South Carolinians to push that states could ignore federal laws if they believed those laws violated the Constitution.
the residents of a territory should determine if they want to be a slave state or a free state.
Compromise of 1850
(1) California admitted as free state, (2) use of popular sovereignty in Utah and New Mexico, (3) new, stricter fugitive slave law
1854 law that allowed voters in Kansas and Nebraska to choose whether to allow slavery- popular sovereignty. Led to the formation of the Republican Party
Harriet Beecher Stowe
author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, a bestselling novel that inspired abolitionists to fight slavery
John Brown's Raid
In 1859, the militant abolitionist John Brown seized the U.S. arsenal at Harper's Ferry. He planned to end slavery by arming slaves and starting a slave rebellion. He was captured and hanged.
American abolitionist who escaped slavery and assisted other slaves in escaping; most famous Underground Railroad conductor and is known as the Moses of her people.
The Confederacy (CSA)
Southern states that seceded from the Union; formed after the election of Abe Lincoln
Election of 1860
ended with Abraham Lincoln as President; influenced by sectional differences over slavery; Southern states began to secede forming the Confederacy (CSA)
Fugitive Slave Act
Law that provided for harsh treatment for escaped slaves and for those who helped them; led to free blacks being captured and put into slavery
A system of secret routes used by escaping slaves to reach freedom in the North or in Canada
Uncle Tom's Cabin
written by Harriet Beecher Stowe; a novel promoting abolition and anti-slavery attitudes. Intensified sectional conflict.
against the expansion of slavery and the Kansas-Nebraska Act; against popular sovereignty; Abe Lincoln first president
Dred Scott decision
The U.S. Supreme Court decided he couldn't sue in federal court because he was property, not a citizen, and that being on free territory did not make a slave free.
Republican President elected in 1860. His election and belief that slavery should not be expanded led to the secession of southern states and the Civil War.
Believed that states did not have a right to secede from the Union during the nullification controversy.
Industrialized, more heavily populated with good infrastructure and far fewer slaves
economy based on plantation system that depended on slave labor