Pronoun-Related Terms

Words used to describe and categorize English pronouns
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pronoun
a word used in place of a noun; a word that stands for or refers to a noun
antecedent
the noun (or pronoun) to which a pronoun refers
personal pronoun
a pronoun used to refer to a specific person or thing (e.g., "I" or "it")
number
the characteristic of being singular or plural
person
the characteristic of pronouns that reflects the relationship between speaker and pronoun
first person
referring to the speaker or a group that includes the speaker
second person
referring to a person or persons whom the speaker is addressing directly
third person
referring to people whom the speaker is talking about but not addressing directly
case
the characteristic of pronouns that reflects their grammatical function in context
nominative case
the form of a pronoun used when the pronoun is acting as a subject or predicate nominative; also called subjective case
objective case
the form of a pronoun used when the pronoun is acting as the object of a verb or object of a preposition
possessive case
the form of a pronoun used to show possession, ownership, or close relationship; also called the genitive case
possessive determiner
a pronoun-derived modifier used to show possession, ownership, or close relationship; also called a possessive adjective
gender
the characteristic of some personal pronouns that indicates masculinity or femininity
reflexive pronoun
a pronoun used to show that an action is done by a person or thing to itself
intensive pronoun
a pronoun used to emphasize the identity of its antecedent
interrogative pronoun
a pronoun used to ask a question
relative pronoun
a pronoun used to create a relative clause
demonstrative pronoun
a pronoun used to indicate something specific and distinguish between things closer or further in space or time
demonstrative adjective
a demonstrative pronoun used as a modifier
indefinite pronoun
a pronoun used to refer to something not specifically or individually identified
reciprocal pronoun
a pronoun used to indicate that a mutual action or state exists between two or more things
existential there
a pronoun + "to be" structure used to introduce the existence or presence of something
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