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"English guise" or "quality"; Used to describe the pleasing sound of English music in the 1440's as described by Martin Le Franc
Freely composed homorhythmeic settings of Latin texts but not based on existing chant; 6-3 sonorities mixed with other consonant sonorities
Religious songs in Latin or English; Favorite topics were Christmas and the Blessed Virgin Mary; Solo and choral sections alternate; Distinctively English genre
Chant is given to the top voice; The chant melody is given a rhythm and ornamented by adding notes around those of the chant
Duchy of Burgundy
Influence was nearly equal to that of the king of France; Phillip the Bold and Phillip the Good
Band of Minstrels
The musicians imported from France, Italy, Germany, Portugal; Instruments included trumpets, shawms, vielles, drums, harps, organ, and bagpipes.
Inspired by English faburden; Only the cantus and tenor written out with parallel sixths; Third unwritten voice sang parallel fourth below cantus producing stream of 6-3 sonorities
Text based on on existing chant for that mass; Coherence because they were liturgically appropriate, but not related musically
Created a more musical connection by using same thematic material in all movements of mass; Frequently began each movement with same melodic motive in one or all voices
Primary linking device in a motto mass; Each movement begins with the same melodic motive in one or all voices
Became principal type of mass by second half of 15th century; Linked movements of mass by constructing each one around the same cantus firmus
In this type of mass composers used tenor of a polyphonic chanson and borrowed some elements from the other voices as well
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