43 terms

OSHA

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What is OSHA designed for?
Designed to eliminate or minimize employee's exposure to human blood and OPIM in the workplace
What annual training is required for OSHA?
How diseases are transmitted, Protective measures to prevent exposure, & procedures to be followed if exposed
Who is covered?
All employees who may expect to be exposed to blood and OPIM that may contain pathogens
Anyone whos job involves handling or possibly being exposed to blood or blood products or OPIM
Pathogens
Germs that are transmitted to one person to another through contact with blood or OPIM
True or False You do not need to directly contact someone carrying a bloodbourne pathogen to be at risk for exposure?
True
What are the risks for exposure to a bloodbourne pathogen?
Clinical specimens, Biohazardous trash, Bloody or body fluid soaked laundry, needles and sharps
What are the stages of disease transmission?
Someone has to be infected, The infected pathogen leaves the infected person, The infected pathogen finds a person and enters the body, the second person gets the infection
Whats are the different types of transmission?
Airbourne, bloodbourne, vector, direct or indirect contact
What are some serious blood bourne pathogens?
HBV,HCV, and HIV
What are some OPIM?
Saliva containing blood, semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk, amniotic fluid, cerebrspinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, peritoneal fluid, pericardial fluid, any other body fluid visible with vomit or urine or blood
Do exposures always cause infectons?
No
What does the risk of exposure depend on?
Whether pathogens are present in the blood or body fluid, Number of pathogens present, type of injury or exposure, current health and immunizations
What caused HBV?
HBV
How is HBV transmitted?
By blood and OPIM
What are the 2 most infectious ways to get HBV?
Blood and semen
How is HBV spread?
Injections, mucous membranes, sexual activity, infected mother to newborn
True or false: At room temp HBV can still survive several days in dried body surfaces?
TRUE
HBV facts
Can live longer outside of the body than HIV and only a little bit of blood is need to cause infection
What are some things HBV is not caused by?
Food and water, fecal matter, through the air, casual contact
What are the symptoms of HBV?
Usualy there are no symptoms, if there are they are ike flu like symptoms
Nausea, Loss of appetite, fatigue, weakness, muscle pain, fever, stomach pain, jaundice
How is HBV diagnosed?
Blood test, sometimes that results show negative if its to early that you have been infected
WHat is the best way to prevent HBV?
HBV vaccine
Who is the HBV recommended to?
Employees at risk, Those you have unprotected sex and with multiple partners, people who have anal sex, those who use iv drugs
How is HCV transmitted?
Via blood
How is HCV spreaded?
Drug injections with contaminated needles, unclean tattoo and body piercing equipment, sharing tooth brushes, razors
How is HCV diagnosed?
Blood test, but may be false positive if taken to early
Is there a vaccine or cure for HCV?
NO and No
What is AIDS caused by?
HIV
How many people in the US are HIV positive?
one million and 1/4 dont know
How is HIV spread?
Blood, semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk, and OPIM is blood is present
Infection is more likely to occur with exposure to HIV contaminated blood through what?
Injection through the skin, unprotected mucous membranes and open wounds
True or False Hiv is not shared through casual contact?
True
How is HIV diagnosed?
Blood test, but it may take 12 weeks to show after infection and confirmation after 6 months
What strategies does osha standard require employees to use to reduce occupational exposures?
Engineering controls, work practice controls, ppe, and universal precautions
What are some engineering controls?
Needleless sharps, eye wash stations, handwashing facilities and biohazardous labels
What are the guidlines for the sharps container?
Leak proof, puncture proof, securely closed, labled with a biohazardous label
What must be provided if handwashing is not possible?
Waterless antiseptic hand cleansers
What must be posted with warning lables?
Containers for waste, freezers and refridgerators used for blood or OPIM, contaners used to transport, ship or store blood, contaminated equipment, laundry
How much bleach solution must you add when cleaning?
10%
What dont you do where blood is stored or handled?
Smoke, eat or drink, put lip balm or makeup on, handle contact lenses or handle food
What are some PPE?
Goggles, Jumpsuit, gloves, face masks, caps, and booties
How long should you flush your eye for if something splashes in it?
20 minutes
What are the employers responsibility if you are exposed?
Identify and document the source of blood or OPIM, contain consent and arrange to test the blood source, inform you of the test results, arrange for you to get tested