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basic counseling chapter 12
Terms in this set (23)
the ability to organize and pace a relationship with a client from its beginning to its conclusion.
it gives purpose and direction to an interview and enables the client and the interviewer to define and work towards specific outcomes.
when you are able to structure your relationships with clients
You will be most effective if you can combine and organize all of the skills you have learned in a purposeful manner
You should use structuring
throughout your relationship with the client
initiates the interview process.
in the exporation stage you should use
listening and reflecting skills so the client knows you are listening.
Gain an overview of the client's problem so you and the client can explore the situation together. As each problem is identified, you should structure the interview to facilitate the emergence of any further problems.
Problem Definition Stage
interaction with client becomes more focused. Action objective is to explore the client's problem areas until you both reach an accurate and concrete definition of each problem. A concrete definition means you have identified a specific behavior that is problematic. To achieve this, you may need to combine the exploration and clarification stage.
Problem Prioritization Stage
you continue to maintain a facilitative relationship with the client. Action objective of this stage is to determine the need for further involvement. You must agree on this with your client. You must also determine the order in which to consider the client's problems.
move from the least severe problem to the most severe
If a logical sequence isn't apparent and the client has no preference
goal is to redefine the problem in terms of an alternate situation that is both relaistic and acceptable to the client.
find it difficult to come up with an attainable goal for the problem they are experiencing.
If client is still unable or unwilling to translate problem into goal
Goals should be formulated in
first phase of action phase involves
planning what action to take
You and the client must generate action plans relevant to the goals or sub-goals and select the best plant that will enable the client to reach those goals. IT IS IMPORTANT FOR THE CLIENT TO FEEL RESPONSIBLE FOR DEVELOPING ACTION PLANS. After the action plan is made, the advantages and disadvantages of each goal should be explored.
After the optimal action plan is implemented
you and the client should evaluate its success. Based on the evaluations, the action plan may need to be modified or changed. If the plan is successful, you should discuss with the client how to maintain those new behaviors.
Reasons why clients may fail to cooperate during the action phase
They may experience a conflict concerning the selected goal.
They may lack the skills they need to attain the goal.
They may not want to change their behavior.
They may experiences problems in the relationship with you.
When client's fail to cooperate, you need to help
them confront and remove whatever is stopping them from attaining their goals.
you and the client evaluate the degree to which the client has reached their overall goals.
If it is agreed the overall goals have been met
termination can be negotiated
looking back at what has been accomplished.
looking forward realistically to the future.
acknowledging any issues that can be foreseen.
a variety of emotions: gratitude, loss, separation.
it is important that the interviewer emphasize the client's accomplishments and independence. You may also feel a range of emotions when it is time to terminate a client.
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