Introduction of Occupational Therapy
This set is from the first half of the semester... up to the people we talked about
Terms in this set (48)
What is OT?
OT is based on meaningful activities of daily life (self-care, education, work, or social interaction), especially to enable or encourage participation in such activitiesdespite impairments or limitations in physical or mental functioning.
What is Occupation?
All of the daily activities that occupy a person time and give meaning to life, innate drive, purpose, skills, goal oriented, job will be to encourage participation through improving and/or creatin skills that allow the person to participate inthe roles of their life. The thing you cannot live without!
What are the areas of occupation?
ADL, IADL, Work, Education, Leisure, Play, Social Participation, and Sleep/Rest.
What is the concept of Flow (1990)?
Attention, motivation and the situation meet to createproductive harmony. Being in the zone or in the groove - Optimal state of intrinsic motivation- A state of comcentration or complete absorption.
(This was a ted Talk on flow by: Csikszentmihalyi)
What is the OT perspective of "meaningful"?
Meaningful is what is important to the patient/client, NOT what the practicioner thinks is important, Also known as "purposful activity"
What is intrinsic?
From the inside - what do you want - internally
What is extrensic?
From the outside - bribe
What does it mean to be independant?
To be self-reliant, patient is participating in the activity, practitioner does not DO for the client.
What is an impairment?
A loss or abnormality of physical or psychological structures or functions.
Where do we use the term Client to refer to a person we are helping?
It is used in mental healt or vocational settings.
Where do we use the term Patient to refer to a person we are helping?
It is used in hospital or rehabilitation settings.
Where do we use the term Resident to refer to a person we are helping?
It is used in skilled nursing facilities or long term care.
Who is an OT practitioner?
This term refers to either an OT or an OTA!
How would you show you are a Registered Occupational Therapist?
You sign your name with OTR at the end of it.
How would you show you are a Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant?
You sign your name with COTA at the end of it.
How would you show that you are an occupational therapy assistant student?
You sign your name with OTA/S at the end of it.
What will you do as a practitioner?
Plan - How to help
Treatemnt - Plan to help
Evaluation/Assessment - did it help?
OT should do with the patient, to teach a patient to do for themselves- to gain independance.
What is the scope of occupational therapy?
Scope is the areas of occupation! They define what we do!`
What is the OT Philosophy and our goal?
Philosophy is to let people be free to make their own decisions. The goal is to participate and engage patients in their life.
If we engage patients and let them choose- what happens?
They do better
They are more motivated
The are successful!
normal to work hard, not beg, unless begging for others
protestent work ethic, idleness is the tool of the devil, thriftyness, self denail, sobriety, efficency.
What is Pinel's definition of moral treatment?
Therapeutic conversations with patents, offereing support and encouragement, treatment should be talored to the individual, and take into consideration the patient's history.
How did Pinel help the mentally ill?
Unchained them, gave them occupations to take mind off illness, used exersice and work, and established routines to help develop patient's dignity, moral concepts, and self-esteem.
What did Aldof Meyer do for OT?
He focused upon meaningful activities, and believed life should be balanced between work, play, rest, and sleep.
What would a person suffering from "neurasthenia" be called today?
Suffering from stress or burnout.
Who published Handicrafts for the Handicapped?
Herbert Hall- The 4th President of AOTA.
What did Jane Addams do?
She opened "Hull House" for immigrants and fought for the end of child labor, women's rights, immigration policies, and built foundations for social welfare.
What is important about Sir William and Lady Mildred Ellis?
They were concerned with the moral treatment and encouraged patients to heal by working on or with skills they had previously. They also eventually established a halfway houses for individuals leaving the asylum before returning to the world.
What is important about William Tuke?
Quaker who created the York Retreat, a place where the unhappy could get help and be happy.
Who was George E. Barton?
An architect who opened the first OT rehab unit called Consolation House, coined the phrase Occupational Therapy, from Dunton's Occupation Therapy.
Who was Mary Reilly?
-Developed first master's program for OT.
-Emphasized understanding play.
"It is the task of medicine to prevent and reduce illness; while the task of occupational therapy is to prevent and reduce the incapacites from illness".
"Man, through the use of his hands, as they are energized by mind and will, can influence the state of his own health".
Who was Susan Tracy?
First Occupational Therapist, conducted first course in occupation at a general hospital.
When was NSPOT founded and what is it?
1917, The National Society for Promotion of Occupational Therapy.
Who is Mary Law?
OT who lived in Canada and developed COPM (Canadian Occupational Performance Measure), co-developed CanChild, set up a web-portal to support evidence-based practice.
Who is Doretha Dix
She was a lobbiest for the improvement of the conditions of jails and treatment of patients in the case of mentally ill indiviuals.
Who is Winnie Dunn?
She developed Sensory Profiles, she is the leading authority for her studies in sensory processing in every day life. Wrote a book called Living Sensationally!
Identify four major sensory patterns.
Seekers; Bystanders, Avoiders, and Sensors. Written by Winnie Dunn..
Who is Virgina Stoffel?
Current President of the AOTA, Working on "Dry Hootch iPeer", a social and technology support program for veteran mental health.
Who is William Rush Dunton, Jr?
Nephew of Benjamin Rush (Father of Psychology)- Worked at Harlem Lodge with menally ill, Helped found AOTA, Revealed 9 guiding principlees of OTA, Believed that "Occupation is as necessary as food and drink"
What are the 9 Guiding principles introduced by William Rush Dunton Jr?
1. Work should be carried on with cure as the main object.
2.The work must be interesting.
3.The patient should be carefully studied.
4. One form of occupation should not be carried to the point of fatigue.
5. It should have some useful end.
6.It should preferably lead to an increase in the patient's knowledge.
7.It should be carried on with others
8. All possible encouragement should be given to the worker.
9. The work resluting in a poor or useless product is better than idleness.
Who was Diana Ramsay?
Organized Woods Services Inc. Served as a past president of the NBCOT.
Who is Jean Ayres?
She came up with the sensory integration theory for children with sensory integration dysfunction.
Who is Gary Wayne Kielhofner?
He came up with MOHO (Model of Human Occupation) advocated for social and occupational justice.
Who is Lorna Jean King?
She helped in the development of sesonry integration techiniques, she found that sensory integration techniques were remarkabley successful with adults with chronic schizophrenia.
Who is Amy Lamb?
Lobbist for Nebraska Occupational Therapist Association, Also worked in Minnesota House of Representatives with the Health Policy Committee/Still very active in the political arena.
Who was Elanore Clark Slagle?
Mother of OT for role in developing OT- she was a founding member of the NSPOT - and often spoke about how the mentally ill needed rehabilitation through therapy. Conducted training sessions at Hull house in OT.
What was progressiveism linked with in our studies?
sterilization of social misfits and mental defectives - including deaf and blind.