5TH GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES UNIT 1 Term 1

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Terms in this set (...)

Antebellum
Antebellum can describe the time just before any war, but it's usually used in reference to the Civil War. It comes from the Latin phrase antebellum, literally "before the war."
Sectionalism
When different sections of a country have different economic, cultural and political interests. Sections retain a separate identity from each other.
Abolitionist
A person who actively tried to end slavery in the United States.
Underground Railroad
Network of secret routes and safe houses used by slaves to escape from the south to the north. Their final destination was Canada.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
A book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe (1852) that exposed the reality of slavery in the south. This book changed many northerner's views on slavery, persuading them that southern slavery was evil.
Frederick Douglass
A slave that escaped to freedom and became a well-known abolitionist.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
American abolitionist and author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin."
Missouri Compromise
An agreement proposed by Henry Clay that allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state, and Maine to enter as a free state. The Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820. See Compromise of 1820.
Compromise of 1850
This was a series of 5 bills to settle differences between slave states and free states. Admitted California to the Union as a free state, passed the Fugitive Slave Act, and abolished the slave trade in the District of Columbia.
Fugitive Slave Law
A law passed in 1850 that required all citizens to aid in the capture of fugitive slaves. If a slave was caught they would be returned to their owner.
Compromise of 1820
In an effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states, the Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
Popular Sovereignty
Idea that a States people should vote whether to be a slave state or a free state.
Abolitionists
Hinton Helper, Beecher Stowe, Tubman, Dwight Weld, William Lloyd Garrison and Frederick Douglass
John Brown
Abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry
Harper's Ferry
John Brown's scheme to invade the South with armed slaves, backed by sponsoring, northern abolitionists; seized the federal arsenal; Brown and remnants were caught by Robert E. Lee and the US Marines; Brown was hanged
Dred Scott
United States slave who sued for liberty after living in a non-slave state
Harriet Tubman
African-American abolitionist and "conductor" on the Underground Railroad.
Kansas Nebraska Act
The Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed by the U.S. Congress on May 30, 1854. It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders. The Missouri Compromise was repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Agriculture
The science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products.
Discrimination
Behaving differently, usually unfairly, toward the members of a group.
Economics
The study of the wealth and resources of a country or region, especially in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services.
Antebellum Economics
In the years before the Civil War, the economic interests of Americans in the North and Northwest grew increasingly further from those of Americans in the South and Southwest. The economies of many northern states had moved away from farming to industry. A lot of people in the North worked and lived in large cities like New York, Philadelphia, and Boston. The southern states, however, had maintained a large farming economy and this economy was based on slave labor. While the North no longer needed slaves, the South relied heavily upon slaves for their way of life.
Abolition
The movement to end (abolish) slavery
Sojourner Truth
Former slave who became an abolitionist and women's rights activist
Free State
A state that did not allow slavery
Fugitive
Someone who is running away or escaping
Immigration
The act of coming to live permanently in a foreign country
John Brown's Raid
In 1859, abolitionist John Brown seized the U.S. arsenal at Harper's Ferry. He planned to end slavery by massacring slave owners and freeing their slaves. He was captured and hanged.
Mandate
An official order or command to do something
Plantation
A large farm in that specializes in the production of one or two crops for sale
Railroad
A track or set of tracks made of steel rails along which passenger and freight trains travel
Slave State
A state that allowed slavery
Slavery
A system of enforced servitude in which some people are owned by other people
The Grimke Sisters
Angelina and Sarah were 19th-century American Quakers, educators and writers who wrote and lectured for the abolition movement and women's rights
Transportation
The moving of goods or people from one place to another
Union
When two or more parts are brought together to make a whole
Urban
City
Rural
Country
William Lloyd Garrison
American abolitionist and journalist. He was the editor of the abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Analyze
To look at something carefully by paying attention to its parts
Compare
To find similarities between two (or more) items or situations
Contrast
Find differences
Interpret
Explain the meaning of

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