Unit 1: Our Colonial Heritage
Terms in this set (42)
The trade of plants, animals, diseases and people across the Atlantic Ocean between Europe and the Americas.
European exploration created a great transfer of people, plants, animals and diseases across the Atlantic, known as the __________________________.
The treatment of people as property.
By the late 1500's, European traders began practicing ______________________ by shipping people to the Caribbean for sale as forced labor.
Spanish soldier-explorers, especially those who conquered the native peoples of Mexico and Peru.
After Columbus's voyage, Spain began to send ______________________________ across the Atlantic to claim new territories by force.
A new settlement or territory established and governed by a country in another land.
Ponce de Leon established a _____________________, a new settlement in Florida which would be governed by the Spanish crown.
People who travel to a territory or community in order to make converts to their religion.
Catholic ________________________, a group of religious people who were determined to convert American Indians, accompanied Spanish soldiers as they explored the southwest.
Coureurs de bois
French fur trappers who learned many skills from the American Indians they with whom they worked and lived.
French fur trappers from Quebec, who called themselves ______________________________ - meaning "wood rangers", built trading posts along the St. Lawrence river.
An economic policy in which nations tried to gain wealth by controlling trade and establishing new colonies.
Under the economic philosophy of ___________________________, European nations tried to gain wealth by controlling the Triangular Trade of the Atlantic and establishing new colonies in the New World.
A plant, such as tobacco, rice or sugar, raised in large quantities and sold for profit.
The soil, and hot, wet climate of Virginia was ideal for growing tobacco, rice and other __________________________.
A formal document issued by the king that outlined a colonies geographic boundaries and the way in which it would be governed.
For each colony, the king issued a ___________________________, a formal document that outlined the colonies boundaries, and how it should be governed.
Ruled by the people. In a democracy, the power to govern belongs to the people.
While not all colonists had a say in the way they were governed, the colonies tended to be far more _______________________ than England.
A agreement that Pilgrims wrote and signed describing how they would govern themselves in the New World.
English Separatists, called "Pilgrims", wrote and signed the ___________________________, which outlined how they would govern themselves, before landing at Plymouth.
The business of capturing, transporting and selling people as forced labor.
Colonies like Rhode Island turned to the ________________________ as a way to meet the labor needs of some colonies and gain tremendous wealth in the process.
List the impacts of the Columbian Exchange on Europeans.
Explain the impact of Triangular Trade on the slaves from West Africa?
How would you best describe the French relationship with Native Americans?
Which of the three colonial regions could be described as having thick forests, long/cold winters, and a rocky shoreline?
Which of the three colonial regions could be described as having thick forests, long/cold winters, and many natural large bays?
Which of the three colonial regions could be described as having mild winters, hot summers, and excellent farmland?
Why did the three colonial regions all develop different economies?
Which English explorer established the first English colony on Roanoke Island, Virginia?
Having settled on a marshy peninsula, what was the biggest challenge faced by the Jamestown settlers?
What purpose did the English colonies serve for England?
Why did the colonies begin to import slaves?
What were the three effects of Bacon's Rebellion?
What reasons did English immigrants have for leaving England? (Push Factor)
What reasons did English immigrants have for migrating to North America? (Pull Factor)
Why did the English colonists need the support of the support of the Crown?
What interest did the British Crown have in supporting the English colonies?
Why did the colonists believe they should enjoy the same rights as English citizens?
What was the right that meant most to the colonists?
How did the English Bill of Rights change the power of the Parliament in England?
How did Jamestown finally become a money making colony?
Generally, how did the economies of the New England and Middle colonies differ from the economy of the Southern colonies?
Many settlers arrived in the New England colonies seeking...
What were the three causes of the Salem Witch hysteria?
Captain John Smith
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