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39 terms

Interior Design Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
Space
Open and closed areas. Positive and negative.
Shape
Simple outlines of objects and are flat.
Form
Have an extra dimension and create realism in design.
Mass
Weight, density, or relative solidity of a form.
Line
Connection between two points and can separate or unify space.
Texture
Smoothness or roughness of a surface.
Pattern
Arrangements of motifs in a repetitive order; a small pattern may be read as texture.
Light
Affects the appearance of all other elements. Natural and artificial.
Color
Hues that may vary from light to dark and from intense to dull and can be mixed with one other and combined in color schemes.
Scale
Overall size, such as the largeness or smallness of a room, object, or pattern. This should related to the space they occupy to be visually pleasing.
Proportion
Size relationship, or ratio of parts to the whole.
Balance
Equilibrium achieved by arranging components symmetrically, asymmetrically, or radially.
Symmetrical Balance
Create a mirror image of a placement.
Asymmetrical Balance
(Informal) Dissimilar objects can be placed at varying distances from the center point. Objects of dissimilar visual weight or form may be balanced.
Radial Balance
State of equilibrium based on the circle.
Rhythm
Flow of elements, usually organized by one of five schemes. Occurs when an element of design forms an organized pattern.
Emphasis
Enhancement that produces a point of interest or focal point in a design.
Harmony
Compatibility of elements to create a pleasing whole, achieved through unity and variety.
Unity
Suggests oneness and uniformity or an identity that suggest a master plan.
Variety
The absence of monotony or sameness, brings interest and diversity.
Hue
The specific name of a color.
Intensity
The brightness or dullness of a color.
Compliment
The color opposite another color on the color wheel.
Value
The lightness or darkness of a color.
Tint
The hue that is lighter than its normal value (add white).
Shade
A color that is darker than its normal value (add black).
Primary Colors
Colors that cannot be made by mixing other colors: Red, yellow, and blue.
Secondary Colors
Colors that can be made by mixing equal amounts of primary colors: Orange, green, and purple.
Tertiary Colors
Colors made from mixing primary and secondary colors.
Warm Colors
Red, orange, yellow = active, exciting, aggressive.
Cool Colors
Blue, violet, green = calming, restful, passive.
Color Schemes
A combination of colors selected for a room design in order to create a mood or set a tone.
Analogous
A color scheme using colors that are next to each other on the color wheel.
Monochromatic
A color scheme that uses tints and shades of one color on the color wheel.
Primary
A color scheme using only pure, true colors from the color wheel.
Split Complimentary
A color scheme that uses 3 colors. It combines one color with the 2 colors on each side of its compliment.
Triadic
A color scheme that uses any 3 hues that are equal distance apart on the color wheel.
Complimentary
A color scheme that uses 2 colors directly opposite of each other on the color wheel.
Neutral
Black, white, grey, beige, brown, off-white.