The Indus Valley Civilization

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Subcontinent
Landmass that included India, Pakistan and Bangladesh
Monsoons
Seasonal winds that controlled India's climate
Harappan Civilization
-Indus Valley Civilization, home to many archaeological discoveries
-Houses had bathrooms
Planned Cities
-Built on mud brick to protect from flooding
-Advanced plumbing and sewage systems
-Houses were layered on a grid system
-Strong geometric and architectural skills
Writing System
-Evidence showed developed writing system
-Could not be decoded
Environmental Challenges
-Unpredictable floods
-Rivers change course
-Cycle of wet and dry seasons = unpredictable due to monsoons
Location
-Indus River linked to sea = connected ancient civilizations
-Thriving trade between regions
-River gave fertile soil (great farming)
-Cotton was popular crop (rare)
Plumbing in Mohenjo-Daro
-Every house had a bathroom and toilet
-Pipes connected each house to underground sewage system
Harappan Language
Unable to decipher
Believed to resemble objects and sounds
Harappan Culture
Strong bond between culture and religion
Weak social class division
Animals were an important part of the culture
Harappan Religion
Believed to be a theocracy
No temple found
Artifacts linked to Hindu culture
Harappan Trade
Indus River provided excellent transportation of trade
Moved goods to Persia and Caspian Sea
Cotton was a popular trade item because few civilizations knew how to grow it
River allowed connection between other civilizations
Decline of Indus Valley
1750 - building quality declined
shifts in tectonic plates brought natural disasters and dried rivers