987 terms

AP Latin: Caesar Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

.a ab abs
away, away from; by means of (with abl.)1
abdo -dare -dedi
put away, conceal3
absum -esse- -fui
be absent, be lacking 2
accedo -ere -cepi ceptum
approach2
accipio -cipere -cepi -ceptum
- to take accept 2
accommodo - are
- to fit out to fit to furnish 3
accuso - are
- to accuse; prosecute (legal) 3
acer - cris -cre
- sharp cutting keen (the -a- is long) 1
acies -ei f.
- edge sharpness ; battle line 2
ad prep. with acc.
- to toward near 1
adaequo -are:.
- to make equal; to match 3
adduco -ducere -duxi -ductum
- bring forth bring on 3
adeo adv.
- to that point, so far 3
adeo adv.
- to that point so far 2
adhibeo -ere -ui -itum
- supply furnish 2
adigo -igere -egi -actum
- drive forth 1
adimo -imere -emi -emptum
- take away 2
aditus -us m.
- approach attack (mil.) 2
adiuvo -iuvare -iuvi -iutum
- to aid help 1
administro -are
- direct administer 3
admiror -ari dep.
- be surprised at 3
adolesco -olescere -olevi
- to grow up 2
adorior -oriri -ortus dep.
- rise up against. 2
adventus -us m.
- arrival 2
adverto (advorto.) -vertere -verti -versum
- turn toward 2
aedificium -i n.
- a building 2
aedifico -are
- to build 2
aeger -gra -grum
- sick,ailing 2
aequus -a -um
- level smooth f= 1
aestas -atis f.
- heat, summer season 2
aestus -us m.
- heat boiling 3
affero - ferre -tuli -latum
- bring forth bear a report; excite 1
ager agri m.
- field c1
agger -eris m.
- rampart (mil.) dam2
aggredior -i -ssum
- approach ; attack 2
agmen -inis n.
- line, column of soldiers 3
ago agere. egi. actum.
- drive (anything) on,accomplish 1
alacer -cris -cre
- quick keen 2
alienus -a -um
- strange foreign 3
aliquis aliquid. pron.
- some one...or other 3
aliquot indecl. numeral
- several 1
alius -ia -iud.
- other, the other 1
alter -tera -terum
- either (one...or the other) of a pair 1
altitudo -inis f.
- height 2
altus -a -um
- high, deep. 1
amicitia -ae f.
- friendship. 1
amicus -a -um
- friendly, a friend 2
amitto -mittere -misi missum
- send away, dismiss 2
amplus -a um
- big large 1
an particle
- whether... or 1
anceps -cipitis
- two headed, ambivalent3
angustiae -arum f. pl.
- narrowness 3
angustus -a -um
- narrow small 2
animadverto (animadvorto.) -vertere -verti -versum
- turn toward 2
animus -i m.
- the mind 1
annus -i m.
- a year 1
ante adv. of place and time
- before 1
aperio aperire aperui apertum.
- open up 3
appello -are
- speak to to, address 3
appello -pellere -puli -pulsum
- drive to... 2
appropinquo -are
- approach 3
aptus -a -um
- well adjusted, fitting 3
apud prep. with acc.
- at,, near, in 1
aqua -ae f.
- water 1
aquila -ae f.
- eagle, standard of a legion3
arbor (arbos) -oris f.
- tree, wood 1
arcesso. (accerso.) -ere -ivi -itum
- summon up 4
aridus -a -um
- dry, arid 3
arma -orum n. pl.
- weapons 2
armo -are
- outfit with arms 3
ascendo -scendere -scendi -scensum
- climb up, embark 4
atque at and ac
- and, and also 1
attingo. -tingere -tigi -tactum
- touch 3
auctoritas - atis f.
- authority 3
audax -acis
- bold 2
audeo -ere -ausus (semi dep.)
- dare 1
audio -ire
- listen, hear. 2
augeo. augere auxi. auctum.
- make larger 3
aut (aut....... aut)
- either..... or 1
autem adv.
- however 1
auxilium -i n.
- aid 1
averto (avorto.) -vertere -verti (-vorti) -versum (-vorsum)
- turn away 3
avis -is f.
- bird 1
barbarus -a -um
- foreign 2
bello -are and bellor -ari dep.
- to wage war 2
bellum -i n.
- war 1
beneficium -i n.
- a favor 2
biduum - i n.
- period of two days 2
bini -ae
- two each, doubles2
bis
- twice 1
bonus -a -um
- good 1
bracchium -i n.
- arm f 2
brevis -e
- small in size, short in time 1
cado cadere cecidi
- fall down 1
caedo caedere cecidi caesum
- strike 1
calamitas -atis f.
- disaster 2
calidus (caldus) -a -um
- warm 3
capio capere cepi captum
- grasp, take 1
captivus -a -um
- captive 3
caput -itis n.
- head 1
caro carnis f.
- meat 2
carrus -i m.
- a waggon 5
castellum -i n.
- a fort 3
castrum -i n. (usually castra -orum n. pl.)
- military camp 1
casus -us m.
- falling, danger 1
catena -ae f.
- chain 2
causa (caussa) -ae f.
- cause case (legal) 1
cautes -is f.
- a rock 3
caveo cavere cavi cautum
- be careful 2
cedo cedere cessi cessum
- proceed ; withdraw 1
celer -eris -ere
- quick agile 1
celeritas -atis f.
- speed 2
celo -are
- hide 2
centum
- a hundred 3
centurio -onis m.
- centurion (sergeant) 3
cerno. cernere crevi cretum
- perceive 1
certamen -inis n.
- struggle, battle 2
cibus. -i m.
- food 2
cingo cingere cinxi. cinctum.
- encircle 1
circiter adv. and prep. with acc.
- about 3
circuitus -us m.
- circle 4
circum adv.
- around;1
circumdo -dare -dedi -datum
- place around, encircle2
circumsisto -sistere -steti or -stiti
- stand around 3
circumvenio -venire -veni -ventum
- surround 2
citerior -ius
- nearer, closer. 3
civitas -atis f.
- citizenship the state 1
clam adv.
- silently secretly 1
clamor -oris m.
- a loud shout 2
classis - is f.
- a class of society ; the fleet 2
cliens -entis m.
- client 2
coepio* coepi coepere coepi coeptum.
- to begin 1
cognosco -gnoscere -gnovi -gnitum
- to learn about 1
cogo cogere coegi. coactum.
- to bring together, force 1
cohors -tis f. -tis f.
- a troop of soldiers 1
cohortor -ari dep.
- to encourage 3
collis -is m.
- hill 2
colloco -are
- establish; place e 2
colloquium -ii n.
- conference 1
colloquor -i
- talk together, discuss2
commeatus -us m.
- trade commerce 2
committo -mittere -misi -um
- to bring together engage (in battle) 2
commodus -a -um
- convenient 2
commoveo. -movere -movi -motum
- to arouse, disturb 1
communis. -e adj.
- in common, public 1
commmutatio -onis f. exchange 3
...
comparo -are
- to buy, prepare 1
compello. -pellere -puli -pulsum
- to drive together 2
comperio -ire -i -itum
- to find out, learn 2
complector - i -plexus dep.
- embrace grasp 1
compleo - plere -plevi -pletum
- to fill up,complete 1
complures -ium
- several, many 3
comporto -are
- collect 3
concedo -cedere -cessi -cessum
- to withdraw, yield 1
concido -cidere -cidi -cisum
- to cut up 2
concilio -are
- to bring together 5
concilium -i n.
- popular assembly, a council 2
conclamo -are
- to shout out 2
concurro -currere -curri (or -cucurri) -cursum
- to run together 1
concursus -us m.
- crowd 2
condicio -onis f.
- agreement,ontract2
conduco -ducere -duxi -ductum
- to collect, bring together 2
confero - ferre -tuli -latum
- to bring together 1
confertus -a -um
- crowded together 4
confestim adv.
- immediately, without delay 3
conficio -ficere -feci -fectum
- to do, perform, finish off (kill) 1
confido -fidere -fisus sum
- to trust 5
confirmo - are
- to make firm, strengthen 2
congredior -gredi -gressus
- to approach 3
conicio -icere -ieci -ectum
- to hurl together shoot 2
coniungo - iungere -iunxi -iunctum
- to join together, marry 1
coniuro - are
- conspire 2
conor -ari dep.
- to try 1
consanguineus. -a -um
- of a blood relative 3
conscendo -scendere -scendi -scensum
- get up on, mount2
consector -ari dep.
- to pursue3
consentio -sentire -sensi -sensum
- to agree with 2
consequor -sequi -secutus dep.
- to follow after 3
consido -sidere -sedi -sessum
- to sit down take up a position (mil.) 2
consilium -i n.
- counsel, a council 1
consisto - sistere -stiti -stitum
- to take a stand (2
conspectus -a -um
- visible, obvious 4
conspicio -spicere -spexi -spectum
- to see, perceive 2
conspicor -ari dep.
- to catch sight of 3
constituo -stituere -stitui -stitutum
- to place, locate 2
consto -stare -stiti -statum
- to stand still (i.e. stop) 1
consuesco -suescere -suevi -suetum
- to become used to.... 1
consuetudo -inis f.
- custom, habit 2
consulo -sulere -sului -sultum
- to consult, decide 3
consumo -sumere -sumpsi -sumptum
- to consume2
contendo -tendere -tendi -tentum
- to stretch out 2
contineo -tinere -tinui -tentum
- hold together, retain 1
continuus -a -um
- continuous, unbroken 2
contra adv.
- opposite against 1
contraho -trahere -traxi -tractum
- to draw in. contract 1
contrarius -a -um
- contrary, hostile2
contumelia -ae f.
- an insult 2
convenio -venire -veni -ventum
- to come together 1
conventus -us m.
- coming together, assembly 3
converto -vertere -verti -versum
- to turn over, convert 2
convoco -are
- to call together 4
coorior -oriri -ortus dep.
- to arise, attack 3
copia -ae f.
- supply, abundance a force (mil.) 1
coram adv.
- face to face 1
cornu. -us n.
- horn,tumpet horn,wing of an army 1
corona -ae f.
- crown ;a ring of soldiers 1
corpus - poris n.
- body corpse 1
cotidianus or cottidianus.
- daily 5
cotidie adv.
- daily 1
creber - bra -brum
- crowded, numerous 2
creo -are
- to create, produce 2
cruciatus -us m.
- torture 3
cum (older form quom.) conj.
- when; since 1
cum prep. with abl.
- with, together with 1
cunctor -ari dep.
- delay, linger 2
cupidus -a -um
- desiring, eager for... 2
cupio cupere. cupivi. or -ii -itum
- desire. want 1
cur (archaic quor)
- why? wherefore? 1
curo -are
- care for, take care of 1
cursus. -us m.
- a running, attack (mil.). 2
de prep. with abl.
- from, away from ; concerning..... 1
debeo -ere -ui- itum
- owe (money), ought 1
decedo - cedere -cessi -cessum
- go away, yield 2
decem indecl.
- ten 2
decerto -are
- fight, compete 3
decimus (older decumus) -a -um
- tenth 3
decipio -cipere -cepi -ceptum
- deceive cheat foil 2
decurro -currere -cucurri or -curri -cursum
- run, hurry along 1
dedecus -oris n.
- disgrace 2
deditio -onis f.
- surrender 2
dedo dedere -didi -ditum
- give over, surrender2
deduco -ducere -duxi -ductum
- lead away, 1
defendo -fendere -fendi -fensum
- ward off, defend; 1
defero -ferre -tuli -latum
- carry down, transport 1
defessus -a -um
- tired, worn out 2
deficio -ficere -feci -fectum
- fail, run out of. 2
defigo -figere -fixi fixum
- jam down 2
deicio -icere -ieci -iectum
- hurl down 2
deinde and abbrev. dein
- then afterwards next 2
deligo -ligere -legi -lectum
- pick out, select 3
demonstro -are
- point out, demonstrate 2
demum
- at (long) last, finally 2
densus -a -um
- thick,condensed2
depono ponere posui (posivi) positum
- place, locate 2
desero -serere -serui -sertum
- withdraw, abandon 2
desilio -silire -silui -sultum
- jump down dismount 3
desisto -sistere -stiti -stitum
- cease, desist 5
despicio -spicere -spexi -spectum
- look down, gaze over; despise 2
desum -esse -fui
- be lacking, fail 1
deterior -ius genit. -oris.
- worse 2
deterreo -terrere -terrui -territum
- frighten off, errify 3
detraho -trahere -traxi -tractum
- draw away, drag off remove 5
detrimentum -i n.
- harm, damage 5
devenio -venire -veni -ventum
- come upon, chance upon 2
dexter -tera -terum (or -tra -trum)
- right handed, lucky, favorable 1
d�co dicere dixi dictum
- speak, say,declare 1
dies -ei m.
- day, daylight 1
differo differe distuli dilatum
- carry away, spread about 2
difficultas -atis f.
- difficulty; 5
diligo -ligere -lexi -lectum
- prize, love; like 2
dimico -are -avi
- fight. 3
dimitto -mittere -misi -missum
- send away dismiss. 2
discedo -cedere -cessi -cessum
- depart, go away, cease from... 1
discessus -us m.
- separation. departure ----- 3
dispergo -spergere -spersi -spersum
- spread about. scatter. extend 3
dispono -ponere -ponui -positum
- place.. locate,arrange 2
disto -are
- stand apart,be far from 2
distribuo -uere -ui -utum
- divide up. distribute 2
diu adv.
- for a long time. further. longer 1
divido -videre -visi -visum
- divide. distribute. separate 1
do dare dedi datum
- give. give (the right to...) grant 1
doceo docere docui doctum
- tell, inform, teach 1
doleo dolere dolui
- hurt grieve (impersonal it grieves.one)1
domus -us f.
- house, home 1
dubito -are
- question doubt that., be of two minds.., wonder about... 2
ducenti -orum
- two hundred 1
duco ducere duxi ductum
- lead, lead oneself to,... marry,consider 1
dum adv.
- in the meantime ; conj. while, since, as long as, until 1
duo - ae -o
- two 1
duodecim
- twelve 3
duplex -plicis
- double doubled dual 2
durus -a -um
- hard, harsh tough 1
dux ducis c.
- leader 1
edo -dere- didi -ditum
- put forth, bring forth, produce 1
educo - are
- lead forth bring forth (offspring) lead up from childhood, educate4
efficio -ficere -feci -fectum
- to make, manufacture, cause 1
ego mei mihi me
- I; plur. nos. (we) 1
egredior -gredi -gressus
- march out (mil.) go forth 1
egregius -a -um
- oustanding. distinguished 2
emo emere emi emptum
- buy. purchase, gain 1
enim conj.
- indeed, to be sure... indeed, yes (as an answer) 1
enuntio -are
- announce, reveal, disclose 3
eo adv.
- to this point, so far, thus far; therefore 1
eo ire ivi and ii itum
- go, proceed 1
eques -itis m.
- horseback rider; of the "equestrian" order = knight 1
equester -stris -stre
- equestrian ; "equestrian" class of Roman nobility 3
equitatus -us m.
- cavalry 3
equus -i m.
- horse 2
eruptio -onis f.
- bursting forth (fire water etc.), assault (mil.) 3
et
- and. (et.... et.... = Engl. "both...and...."). 1
etiam
- still, and yet, besides, also 3
etsi
- even if,although 2
evado -vadere -vasi -vasum
- go out, come away,escape 1
evenio -venire -veni -ventum
- come forth, come about,happen 2
eventus -us m.
- outcome, consequence 2
evoco -are
- call out, summon, arouse 2
ex or e prep. with abl.
- out of, from, away from; according to....1
exanimo -are
- kill, kill with fear 3
excedo -cedere -cessi -cessum
- go away, withdraw 1
excipio -cipere -cepi -ceptum
- take out, ; receive (attack blows assault) 1
exeo -ire -ii (-ivi) -itum
- go out,come out, emerge escape 1
exercitatio -onis f.
- exercise, practice 3
exercitus -us m.
- army, training 2
existimo (existumo) -are
- put a value on price; judge 2
expedio - ire -ivi and ii -itum
- to free from fetters; let loose 1
expello -pellere -puli -pulsum
- drive out, force forth, expel 2
experior -periri -pertus dep.
- try, test test, experience 2
explorator -oris m.
- scout, spy 2
exploro -are
- explore, inquire 2
expugno -are
- capture (a town) (mil.) mbreak down; 2
exspecto -are
- wait for m await m exspect2
exstruo -struere -struxi -structum
- pile up, heap up 3
facilis -e
- easy 1
facio facere f�ci factum (the pass. is fio; q.v.).
- do, make, build, create 1
facultas -atis f.
- faculty, power ; resources 2
familiaris -e
- belonging to the household, personal, friendly. 2
faveo favere favi fautum
- be favorably disposed towardm partial to 2
fere adv. ; also ferme
- almost m just about, virtually2
fero ferre with perf. tuli latum
- bear, carry ; betake oneself 1
ferreus - a -um
- made of iron, steel; (hence) hard as iron = unfeeling 2
ferus -a -um
- wild (of animals) savage, violent 2
fides -ei f.
- faith, trust, good-faith 1
filius -i m.
- son 2
fingo fingere finxi fictum
- mould,shape,create ;magine 2
finis -is m.
- boundary; territory; a limit termination death 1
finitimus and finitumus -a -um
- near,, neighboring, (as noun in pl.) neighbors) 2
fio fieri factus sum (used as pass. of facio).
- happen, take place, occur 1
firmus -a -um
- firm strong, 3
flagito -are
- demand, request strongly 2
fleo flere flevi fletum: intransit.
- weep, cry,wail 1
floreo -ere -ui
- flower, bloom, flourish 2
fluctus -us m.
- waves 3
flumen -inis n.
- river; flood; 1
fluo fluere fluxi fluxum
- flow, pour out 1
fortis -e
- strong, forceful,powerful 1
fortuna -ae f.
- "Fortune", luck, chance; as a diety: Fortuna 1
fossa -ae f.
- ditch, drainage ditch; trench (mil.) 2
frater -tris m.
- brother ; comrade 1
fraternus -a-um
- of a brother, brotherly 4
fremitus -us m.
- roar, rumble 5
frons frontis f.
- forehead, brow, the front of... 2
frumentarius -a -um
- pertaining to the grain supply 2
frumentum -i n.
- grain, the grain supply 2
frustra adv.
- in vain 1
fuga -ae f.
- flight, retreat 1
fugio fugere fugi fugitum
- flee, retreat 1
funis -is m.
- rope, cable 3
genus -eris n.
- birth, race; tribe 1
gero gerere gessi gestum
- carry on, do, perform1
gladius -i
- a sword;,warefare 1
gratia -ae f.
- grace, favor, goodwill 1
gravis -e
- heavy, ponderous, serious 1
gravo -are
- make heavy, burden, aggravate 2
gubernator -oris m.
- pilot, helmsman (of a ship); director 4
habeo -ere -ui -itum
- have, hold hold on to ; consider believe 1
hibernus -a -um
- of winter, wintery.. 3
hic haec hoc
- this one (here) the nearer one (as against ille) 1
hiemo -are
- spend the winter, winter-over 2
hiems (hiemps) -emis f.
- winter storm; stormy weather 1
homo -inis
- a human being, person (male or female) 1
hora ae f.
- hour of the day, time of day, an hours time; season 1
hortor -ari dep.
- encourage, urge on; incite 2
hospes -pitis m. and hospita -ae f.
- host, guest, stranger, a visitor 1
hospitium -i n.
- hospitality, entertainment,an inn 2
hostis -s m.
- stranger, foreigner; the enemy (mil.) 1
humilis -e
- low, lowly humble; ignoble 1
iacio iacere ieci iectum
- hurl, throw with force 3
iam adv.
- now, already; soon 1
ibi adv.
- there, at that place 1
idem eadem idem adj.
- the same, same, the very same 1
idoneus -ea -eum
- suitable, fitting,good for... 1
ignis -is m.
- fire; 1
ignosco -ere -vi -tum
- pardon, excuse1
ille illa illud
- that, that over there as opposed to hic "this over here.1
immitto -ere -misi -misum
- send in, let loose, lhurl 2
impedimentum -i n.
- an obstacle. hindrance; heavy baggage (mil.) 2
impedio -ire
- obstruct im-pede; block. 2
impello -ere -puli -pulsum
- drive on, impel 2
imperium -ii n.
- a command, military command; the "Empire"1
impero -are
- make demands; give orders, command. 1
impetro -are
- ask for (and receive...); request, obtain. 1
impetus -us m.
- forward thrust, attack; 2
imploro -are
- appealfor aid; implore 2
impono -ere -sui -situm
- put on top of, 1
improvisus -a -um
- unforeseen 3
in - joined intensifying prefix
- highly., more and more.... 1
in - joined negativizing prefix
- "not... ; un- 1
in prep.
- (with acc.) into, toward at.. ; (with abl.) in on. 1
incendo -ere -endi -ensum
- light a fire, kindle 2
incido -ere --di -casum
- throw oneself forward, rush headlong; (short -i-) 2
incipio -ere -cept ceptum
- begin; undertake 2
incito -are
- spur on; stimulate; stir-up 2
incolo -ere --ui
- inhabit, dwell in, live in... 2
incolumis -e
- unharmed, safe; intact 2
incredibilis -e
- unbelievable, not to be believed 2
inde adv.
- thence; hence, from that place 1
induco -ere -xi -ctum
- lead in, lead on, in-duce 1
indulgeo -ere -ulsi -ulsum
- be indulgent to... ; show kindness to.. 1
ineo -ire -ivi -item
- enter, enter into; 1
inermis -e
- unarmed, defenseless (mil.); pacifistic 3
infero -ferre- tuli -latum
- carry, carry forth, bring forth (troops); press forward1
inferus -a -um
- (comparative iinferior) - lower, downward2
inicio -ere -ieci -iectum
- throw forward, hurl at... 2
initium -ii n.
- start, beginning; origin1
iniuria -iae f.
- injustice, legal injury� 1
inopia -iae f.
- lack, deprivation; needi 2
insequor -i -cutus
- follow after, pursue;1
insidiae -ae f. pl.
- traps, an ambush (mil.) 2
insignis -e
- "distinguished; (an n. noun) a badge2
insisto -ere -stiti
- pres forth, press on,insist on.; come to a stand-still 2
instituo -uere -ui -utum
- set up, establish, undertake 2
insto are -stiti
- stand forth, step forward; take a stand 1
instruo -ere -uxi -uctum
- draw up, arrange, organize; 2
insula -ae f.
- an island;2
intellego -ere -exi -ectum
- understand, figure out, comprehend 2
inter prep with acc.
- between, among 1
intercedo ere -cessi -cessum
- intervene, intercede 2
intercludo -ere -cluse -clusum
- close off, blockade (mil.),precent 2
interdum adv.
- from time to time, periodically 1
interea adv.
- meanwhile, in the meantime 1
interficio -ere -feci -fectum
- kill, destroy ; terminate 1
interim adv.
- meanwhile, in the "interim"1
intermitto -ere -misi -missim
- let stop, ; interrupt; let go. 2
interpono -ere -sui
- place inbetween; take part in.2
intervallum i n.
- a valley, a gap; interval of time 2
intra
- within, inside, within the area or time of...; (physically) within 1
invito -are
- invite, entertain, induce 2
invitus -a -um
- unwilling, against ones will 2
ipse -a -um reflex. pron.
- himself, herself, itself 1
is ea id
- he, she, it; this one (here nearer on this side) 1
ita adv.
- thus, really? (ita often fills in for yes) 1
itaque adv.
- and so,therefore 2
item
- in the same, way likewise 1
iter itineris n.
- road, a journey, march (mil.) 1
iterum
- again, a second time, over..,again 2
iubeo iubere iussi iussum
- order give orders 1
iudico -are
- try a case, judge. 1
iugum -i n.
- yoke to join animals; a draft pair; marriage (as if = coniugium) 1
iungo iungere iunxi iunctum
- join (under a yoke), combine, join in marriage 1
iuro -are
- swear, take an oath; promise;1
ius iuris n.
- law, the ""LAW" 1
iustitia -ae f.
- justice,equity 2
iuvo -are iuvi iutum
- help, aid; foster 1
labor labi lapsus dep.
- to glide, slide; slip 2
laboro -are
- work, take pains 2
lac lactis n.
- milk, sap, latex 2
lacesso -ere -ivi -itum
- provoke, attack; challenge 2
lacrima (lacruma) -ae f.
- a tear, weeping, lament1
lacus - us m.
- a lake, pond; 2
lapis -idis m.
- a stone; stone in general, masonry, gemstone 2
largus -a -um
- generous, liberal, lavish 1
lateo -ere
- be in hiding, hide, be invisible 2
latitudo -inis
- breadth (of an object); size 2
latus -a -um
- broad,, wide, extensive 1
latus -eris n.
- side, side in general; a wall 1
legatio -onis f.
- legation, an embassy; office of the "legatus" 2
legio -onis f.
- a Legion of Roman army,an army in general e 1
legionarius -a -um
- a soldier (belonging to a legion) 3
lego -are
- bestow. bequeath 2
levis -e
- light, quick, lightfooted (the -e- is short) 1
l�ber -i m. as. pl.
- children (the -i- is long) 1
liberalis -e
- of free men; (hence) honest " gentlemanly" 2
libertas -tatis f-----. liberty freedom 2
...
licet licuit licitum est impers.. vb.
- it is permitted; it is clear that....; (as adv.) although2
lingua -ae f.
- tongue, speech, language 2
littera (litera) -ae f.
- letter (of the alphabet; a letter epistle); (pl.) literature; scholarship 1
litus -oris n.
- seashore, coast, beach 3
XXXX
...
locus -i m.
- place, location. 1
longinquus -a -um
- remote, far off 2
longus -a -um
- long, large, tall1
loquor loqui locutus dep.
- talk, speak 1
lux lucis f.
- light, daylight daytime 1
magistratus -us m.
- magistracy; public officer2
magnitudo -inis f.
- size, expanse, volume 1
magnus -a -um
- big, large, great;1
maleficium -i n.
- wrongdoing 5
mando -are
- entrust (to someone) ; commission; order 1
maneo manere mansi mansum
- stay, wait remain; wait for (2
manus -us f.
- hand, anything like a hand; handle; a band = platoon 1
mare -is n.
- the Sea; (as mare nostrum=) Mediterranean Sea 1
maritimus (maritumus) -a -um
- of the sea; near the sea 3
mater matris f.
- mother 1
materia -ae and materies -ei f.
- wood, timber 1
maturo -are: intransit.
- ripen; mature; hasten 3
maturus -a -um
- ripe, mature; at the right time 1
medius -a -um
- middle, central,in-between 1
memoria -ae
- memory 1
mensis -s m.
- a month; menstrual cycle 3
mercator -oris m.
- merchant 3
mereo -ere -ui -itum = mereor -eri -itus dep.
- earn, get paid for, deserve 1
miles -itis c.
- soldier, private in the army 1
militaris -e
- military; a soldier; of military age 2
mille
- a thousand M 1
minuo -uere -ui -utum
- make less (minus) lessen ; weaken 2
mirus -a -um
- wonderful. extraordinary 1
mitto -ere misi missum
- send; let go hurl 1
modus -i m.
measure, manner, way 2
moles -is f.
- a large rok lump of stone, earth; boulder; mass. 1
mollis -e
- soft, gentle mild; womanly 1
moneo -ere
- warn, remind; advise 1
mons montis m.
- a mountain, mountains 1
mora -ae f.
- delay, lost time; interval1
moror -ari dep.
- delay, check ; restrain 1
mors mortis f.
- death, Death (as a god) 1
mos moris m.
- custom, manner 2
motus -us m.
- motion motion of stars; movement of the body mind; any agitation or agitated act passion 2
moveo movere movi motum
- move make to move (caus.); change location = "move"; remove oust; disturb agitate provoke 1
mulier -eris f.
- woman wife (or mistress); a grown woman (as against girl = virgo) 1
multitudo -inis f.
- multitude, the population 1
multus -a um
- much, many, very much 1
munio (moenio) -ire
- build a defence, walls fortify; protect. 2
munitio -onis f.
- fortification, building up of defences 3
munus (moenus) -eris n.
- duty, official responsibility; funerary rites, gifts 1
murus -i n.
- wall, fortification; 1
nam conj.
- for indeed, because 1
namque adv.
- indeed, for sure 3
nanciscor nancisci na(n)ctus dep.
- get get possession of acquire1
nascor -i natus dep.
- be born; come into being 1
natio -onis f.
- birth; nation, race 3
natura -ae f.
- birth, origin; 'the way things are or come to be'2
nauta -ae m.
- sailor, mariner 1
navigatio -onis f.
- sailing, voyage 3
navigo -are intrans.
- sail, travel by boat, navigate 2
navis -is f.
- ship, boat 2
ne (a negativizing particle enclitic)
- "lest so that... not; not..." 1
nec and neque
- nor, neither...nor 1
necessarius -a -um
- necessary, required 2
neco -are
- kill, destroy 3
neglego -legere -lexi -lectum
- disregard,dismiss; neglect. 2
negotium -i n.
- work, business; a task;1
nemo -inis c.
- no one, nobody 1
neque
- nor, neither... nor; 1
neuter -tra -trum
- neither, neither the one (nor the other)2
nihil or contr. nil
- nothing, nothing at all. 1
nisi ni conj.
- unless, except 1
nitor niti nisus or nixus dep.
- lean, rest on, rely on;1
nobilis -e
- worth knowing; remarkable notable; 1
nobilitas -atis f.
- nobility 2
noceo -ere
- harm, hurt,injure 1
nolo nolle nolui
- wish...not; be unwilling 1
nomen -inis n.
- name ; a noun;1
nominatim adv.
- by name 3
non adv.
- not 1
nonaginta
- ninety 3
nonne interrog.
- is it not...? 1
nonus -a-um
- ninth, the ninth hour (roughly p.m.) 3
nosco -ere novi notum
- know, be acquainted with... 1
noster -tra -trum
- ours, of our family, nation 1
novem
- nine 2
novus -a -um
- new, novel, different; new = recent 1
nox noctis f.
- night (as against day)1
nudo -are
- bare, uncover ; expose 1
nullus -a -um
- none, not any1
numerus -i m.
- number, sum; quantity;1
nuntio -are
- announce, give orders inform; make a report 1
nuntius -i m.
- a messenger; military messenger; information 1
nutus -us m.
- a nod (as a signal) 3
ob prep. with acc.
- towards, in front of, up against; because of..... 1
obicio -icere -ieci -iectum
- hurl forth throw at; 1
obses -sidis c.
- a hostage;1
obsidio -onis f.
- blockade, seige 3
obtineo -tinere -tinui -tentum
- hold on, stay remain; obtain 1
occasio -onis f.
- occasion, the right moment; a good chance 2
occasus -us m.
- a chance opportunity; setting of the sun, downfall 2
occ�do -cidere -cidi -cisum
- cut down, kill (long -i-) 2
occulo -are
- cover, hide conceal 2
occupo -are
- occupy, take possession of; take over 1
occurro -currere -curri -cursum
- run up to, go to meet; confront 1
Oceanus -i m.
- the ocean, sea 3
octavus -a -um
- eighth 2
octingenti -ae -a
- eight hundred 5
octoginta
- eighty 2
officium -i n.
- office = service, act of service; function;1
omnino adv.
- all in all, altogether; in general 1
omnis -e
- all, entire, whole; complete; 1
onerarius -a -um
- burdened, carrying i.e. cargo (ships) 5
onus -eris n.
- a burden, weighty load; 1
opera -ae f.
- work, a job 1
opinio -onis f.
- opinion, belief 2
oportet -tere -tuit impers.
- ought, should ought to...; 1
oppidum -i n.
- a town, a provincial township (a Gaulish-Celtic word). 2
opportunus -a -um
- suitable, opportune; timely 2
opprimo -ere -pressi -pressum
- press, crush, oppress 2
oppugnatio -onis f.
- attack on a walled town 3
oppugno -are
- to attack, assault 2
opus -eris n.
- work; construction works 1
oratio -onis f.
- speaking; a public speech, an oration1
ordo -inis m.
- order, rank 2
orior oriri ortus dep.
- rise rise up; come into being1
oro -are
- pray (to gods); beseech (a person); make an "oration" 2
ostendo -are
- show, display, demonstrate 2
paco -are
- pacify, bring peace3
paene adv.
- nearly, almost 1
paenitet -ere impersonal verb pers. sing.
- it is regrettable, it pains one..... 2
pagus -i m.
- country area, borough 5
palus -udis f.
- marsh, swamp 2
pando pandere pandi pansum
- spread out ; open wide 2
par paris adj.
- equal, same; matched 1
paro -are
- purchase, get, get ready, prepare for 1
pars partis f.
- part, portion 1
parum adv.
- too little, insufficient, not enough 1
parvus -a -um
- small, insignificant 1
passus -us m.
- a pace, a 'stride' ; mille passum = one mile 2
pateo -ere
- lie open; be open 1
pater -tris m.
- father,forefather ; a "paterfamili�s" 1
patior pati passus dep.
- suffer, tolerate endure; 1
paucus -a -um
- few, small in number,just a few 1
paulatim (paullatim)
- gradually, little by little 3
paulisper (paullisper)
- for a little while 3
paulum adv.
- a little, a bit 1
pax pacis f.
- peace, a pact (concluding war), pecaetime1
pecus -oris n.
- herd of cattle ; a farm animal 2
pedes -itis m.
- pedestrian; a foot soldier, infantryman 2
pedester -tris -tre adj.
- pedestrian; walking ; of infantry 2
pellis -is f.
- skin; skin as leather a hide; parchment 2
pello -ere pepuli pulsum
- drive, push, strike 2
pendo pendere pependi pensum
- weigh; pay out, ; weigh = consider 1
per prep. with acc.
- through, along, during (a time) ; by means of... 1
perago -agere -egi -actum
- drive in every direction; drive on1
perduco -ducere -duxi -ductum
- bring through conduct;1
perfero -ferre -tuli -latum
- carry through, bring to the end, complete 1
perficio -ere -feci -fectum
- bring through to completion, finish; 1
pergo ere -perrexi perrectum
- go on, go first, proceed (in walking);1
periculum (periclum) -i n.
- danger 1
peritus -a -um
- experienced; an expert on... 2
permitto -mittere -misi -missum
- let go, release; hurl (a weapon) 2
permoveo -movere -movi -motum
- move, agitate stir; perturb 2
perpetuus -a -um
- continuous, uninterrupted; l permanent 1
perspicio -spicere -spexi -spectum
- look over, examine see into2
persuadeo -suadere -suasi -suasum
- persuade; be persuasive to/in... (Dative obj.) 1
perterreo -ere
- to completely terrify 5
pertineo -tinere -tinui
- reach, extend, pertain to 1
perturbo -are
- disorganize, confuse upset 2
pervenio -venire -veni -ventum
- arrive (come through); penetrate (= get through); r1
pes pedis
- foot, leg; a foot (measurement)1
peto -ere -ivi -itus
- seek, search for; ask or beg for, seek2
phalanx -angis f.
- an infantry formation in close array 3
pilum -i n.
- the javelin of the Roman infantry 3
planus -a -um
- flat level (geom.) plane; obvious plain 3
plerusque -raque -rumque (plur. plerique -raeque -raque)
- the greater number of, most most of... 2
polliceor -eri -cirus dep.
- promise; give a promise2
pondus -eris n.
- weight, a weight,mass load;1
pono ponere posui (posivi) positum
- place, locate 1
pons pontis m.
- a bridge 2
populo -are and populor -ari dep.
- plunder (actually= de-populo "depopulate"). 1
populus -i m.
- the people; nation; the "people" 1
porta -ae f.
- gate, city-gate; gateway; any doorway 1
porto -are
- carry,bear 2
portus -us m.
- port, harbor2
posco poscere poposci
- ask for strongly demand; request 1
possum posse potui
- be able, be able to...; 1
post (older poste) adv.
- after, afterwards, later; further on 1
postea adv.
- afterwards, next 1
posterus (poster) -a -um
- later, next; future 2
postquam adv.
- after.... 2
postridie adv.
- on the following day 2
postulo -are
- ask for, demand 2
potestas -tatis f.
- power, rule 1
potior compar. adj. -neut. potius
- more powerful = preferable; to be preferred... 2
praebeo -bere -bui -bitum
- set forth, put forth; provide 1
praeceps -cipitis
- head-first, headlong; rushing onwards 1
praeda -ae f.
- booty plunder, loot (mil.)1
praedor -ari dep.
- plunder, rob 3
praefero -ferre -tuli -latum
- carry out front;, consider first = prefer 1
praeficio -ficere -feci -fectum
- (place in front of), put in charge of (administrative). 2
praemitto -ere -misi -misum
- send ahead, dispatch 2
praemium -ii n.
- reward, prize 2
praescribo -ere -scripsi -scriptum
- prescribe, give orders... 3
praesertim adv.
- especially 2
praesidium -ii n.
- military garrison; protection 2
praesto -are -stiti -stitum
- stand out excel 2
praesto adv/adj.
- ready at hand, ready on the spot 1
praesum -esse- fui
- be ahead of = be in charge of 2
praeter prep with acc.
- along, past; besides 2
praeterea conj.
- beside, moreover 1
premo premere pressi pressum
- press crush; compress; 1
pretium -i n.
- price, value; ; prize; 1
prex precis (usually plur:. preces)
- a request, entreaty 2
pridie adv.
- on the day before 3
primus -a -um
- first foremost; earliest; nearest;1
princeps -cipis adj.
- first ; as noun: = leader ; a prince president1
prior prius genit. -oris compar. adj.
- first, prior, previous; ancient 1
pristinus -a -um
- ancient, old; original, pristine 3
priusquam adv.
- before, earlier than./.." 1
privo -are
- deprive of, prevent 2
pro interj. (roughly equal to)
- Oh my god! 3
probo -are
- approve commend1
procedo -cedere -cessi -cessum
- go ahead, go on, proceed;1
procumbo -cumbere -cubui -cubitum
- lean forward, incline forward; genuflectt2
prodeo -ire -ii -itum
- come forward; go forth 1
produco -ducere -duxi -ductum
- bring forward, forth; bring into view;1
proelium -i n.
- battle, fight; 1
profectio -onis f.
- origins; departure 5
proficiscor -ficisci -fectus dep.
- go forth, set out start on a trip; proceed;3
profugio -fugere -fugi
- flee, escape, run away 2
progredior -gredi -gressus dep.
- go forward, advance; proceed; go on to... 1
prohibeo -ere
- hold back hold off; prohibit prevent restrain 1
proicio -icere -ieci -iectum
- hurl, throw forth; rush advance rashly 1
pronuntio -are
- state, pronounce; speak out; relate 1
pronus -a -um
- bending forward, leaning forward; prone1
prope adv.
- close, near; closer; nearly = almost 1
propero -are
- rush, hurry be in haste; rush to (do something) 1
propinquus -a -um
- near, close by; neighboring; a relative2
propono -ponere -posui -positum
- set forth, expose, exhibit; 1
propter adv and prep.
- adv: near, beside; (prep. with acc.:) on account of because 1
propterea adv.
- on that account, therefore 2
prosequor -sequi -secutus dep.
- follow along with ; accompany; s 1
provideo -videre -vidi -visum
- see ahead, perceive in advance1
provincia -ae f.
- a Roman province 2
publicus -a -um
- of the public, of the people, public1
puer -i m.
- boy, son; child (boy or girl); "boy" = slave 1
pugna -ae f.
- -fight any fight; battle (mil.); 1
pugno -are
- fight, battle; engage in battle (mil.); contend 1
puppis -is f.
- the poop of a ship; a ship 2
puto -are
- think, consider, think about 1
quadraginta
- forty 4
quadringenti
- four hundred (the numeral)3
quaero quaerere quaesii or quaesivi quaesitum
- seek, look for, ask for... 1
quaestor -oris m.
- a magistrate, the "quaestor" 1
quam adv.
- than 1
quamvis
- as much as you please 2
quantus -a -um
- how great? how much? 1
quartus -a -um
- fourth (in order rank etc.) 2
quaterni -ae -a
- four at a time four each 3
quattuor
- four 2
quattuordecim
- fourteen 2
que enclitic conj.
- and; (repeated) -que...-que : both...and... 1
queror queri questus dep.
- complain, lament; ; protest 1
qui quae quod "relative". adj.
- which, what, what kind of 1
quicumque (quicunque) quaecumque quodcumque
- whosoever, whatsoever, whatever 1
quidam quaedam quodam
- a certain person or thing 1
quidem
- indeed; ne....quidem ----- not even... 1
quin
- (in questions) why not?; but that... 2
quindecim
- fifteen 3
quingenti -ae -a
- five hundred 3
quini -ae -a
- five each" 3
quinquaginta
- fifty 3
quinque
- five 1
quintus -a -um
- fifth; one fifth 2
quis quae quod (in questions quid?)
- "somebody, anybody" ; = aliquis 2
quisquam quaequam quidquam (quicquam)
- anybody anyone anything 2
quisque quaeque quidque
- each one, each person (or thing)2
quivis quaevis quidvis (adj. quodvis)
- whosoever, whatsoever 5
quoad conj.
- up to the point that... until 3
quod conj.
- the fact that the point that; as to the fact that; (often=)because 1
quominus
- so that not 3
quoniam
- since whereas because 2
quoque placed after the word it emphasizes
- also too 1
radix -icis f.
- root base origin; source 2
rarus -a -um reticulated (like a nat); airy spacey; (rarely) rare 2
...
ratio -onis f.
- reason reasoning; adding numbers up... 1
ratis -is f.
- a raft; a craft a boat 2
recens -entis
- new fresh recent; vigorous 2
recipio -cipere -cepi -ceptum
- receive, take in; accept; 3
recuso -are
- refuse reject; decline to...; oppose... 2
reddo -dere -didi -ditum
- hand over; give back, return 1
redeo -ire -ii (-ivi) -itum
- go back, come back, return; 1
redigo -ere -egi -actum
- drive back, bring down; reduce 2
redimo -imere -emi -emptum
- buy back, buy up; pay a ransom1
reduco -ducere -duxi -ductum
- bring back; retreat (mil.); bring back = recall to mind 1
refero referre rettuli relatum
- bring back,return, carry back; withdraw (mil.); report1
reficio -ficere -feci -fectum
- make over, re-do, restore, repair 2
regio -onis f.
- direction, area; region 1
regnum -i n.
- realm, the kingly power; sovreignty; a kingdom (see rex). 1
reicio -icere -ieci -iectum
- throw, hurl,shove;. reject; 1
relinquo -linquere -liqui -lictum
- leave, leave behind; depart from. 1
reliquus (relicus) -a -um
- the rest, the remainder 1
remaneo -manere -mansi -mansum
- to remain,, stay, continue 2
remitto -mittere -misi -missum
- send back,return; push back; 1
removeo -movere -movi -motum
- move away remove; banish1
remus -i m.
- an oar 3
renovo -are
- renew, repair; fix up as good as new 4
renuntio -are
- report back report 2
repello -ere
- drive back ward off repel(mil.) 2
repentinus -a -um
- sudden 2
reperio -ire -per -pertum
- find. find out (by inquiring)2
reprehendo -ere -di -nsum
- grasp grab back get a hold on; 2
res rei f.
- A "thing", wealth = property, an estate; goods; the "Res-publica" 1
reservo -are
- reserve; conserve; preserve 2
resisto -sistere -stiti
- stop, stay still; take a stand, oppose 1
respicio -spicere -spexi -spectum
- look back, look around for...;, think back upon.., 1
respondeo -spondere -spondi -sponsum
- answer, respond;1
restituo -uere -ui -utum
- set up,again renew restore1
retineo -tinere -tinui -tentum
- hold back, hold fast; check restrain; retain in mind 1
reverto (revorto) -vertere -verti (dep.. revertor)
- turn around, go back, return;. 1
rex regis m.
- King, ruler, prince 1
ripa -ae f.
- bank shore 3
robur -oris n.
- oak; hardwood timber, lumber; strength, force (mil.) 1
rogo -are
- ask, ask for, beg for, question.... 1
rostrum -i n.
- muzzle of an animal; prow of a ship; platform for speakers in Forum 2
rumor -oris m.
- noise, clamor tumult; gossip rumor 2
rupes -is f.
- rock, cliff 2
rursus and rursum
- backward, back; on the other hand; again 1
saepe adv.
- often, frequently 1
saevio -ire -ii -itum
- act savagely, be furious rage; roar at... 2
sagitta -ae f.
- arrow 2
salus -utis m..
- health; safety" 2
satis or sat
- enough, sufficient; sufficiently1
saucius -a -um
- wounded, gashed; stricken 3
saxum -i n.
- a rock stone; stone as building material 1
scio scire scivi or scii scitum
- know; be aware of...; be aware that...; have knowledge of... 1
scutum -i n.
- a large shield 2
secundus -a -um
- (sequor) following, following after. ; favorable (of the wind).. 1
sed
- but however 1
sedecim
- sixteen 1
semel adv.
- once, one time 1
senatus -us (or -i) m.
- the senate 1
sententia -ae f.
- thought; an idea; an opinion; 1
sentio sentire sensi sensum
- perceive, feel sense; have a feeling about... 1
septem
- seven 3
septentriones -um (pl.) m.
- the north wind ; the Seven Stars of Ursa Major ; 2
septimus (septumus) -a -um
- seventh 4
septingenti -ae -a
- seven hundred 5
septuaginta
- seventy 5
sequor sequi secutus dep.
- follow (in place time or effect) 1
servitus -utis f.
- slavery, servitude 2
sescenti -ae -a
- six hundred; (as a typical round number!); countless 4
sex
- six 1
sexaginta
- sixty 3
sextus -a -um
- sixth 5
si sin sive seu
- if 1
sic conj.
- thus so in this manner1
signum -i n.
- a mark,sign seal; a sign portent; star 1
silva -ae f.
- a wood forest; a plantation grove 1
simul
- all together,as one; at the same time (as) 1
simulatio -onis f.
- an imitation; pretence 2
sine prep. with abl.
- without 1
singuli -ae -a
- single separate one at a time 1
sinister -tra -trum
- on the left hand; wrong perverse; unfavorable 1
socius -a -um
- allied, of a partner or partnership; as noun an ally partner1
sol solis m.
- the sun 1
solus -a -um
- sole, only; alone; lonely 1
soror -oris
- a sister 1
sors sortis f.
- lot drawing lots; ones "lot"; destiny fate 1
spatium -i n.
- space; open space; space of time; time 1
species -ei f.
- sight, seeing; appearance 1
specto -are
- look at, watch; inspect 1
spero -are
- hope, for hope; wish, desire 1
spes -ei f.
- hope, ; hope = (Deity) 1
sponte adv.----- of ones own free will, spontaneously (sua sponte)1
...
statim adv.
- steadfastly; (more often) on the spot at once 1
statio -onis f.
- a standing still; a place of abode; post station (mil.) 2
statuo -uere -ui -utum
- set down place locate; stand still 1
stipendium -i n.
- a soldiers pay (annual); military service2
strepitus -us m.
- any harsh noise, from clatter to crackle 2
studeo -ere -ui
- to be eager take pains strive after 1
studium -i n.
- zeal, eagerness, application with enthusiasm 1
sub prep.
- under, beneath, below; ; after (in time); 1
subduco -ducere -duxi -ductum
- pull up, slide up; beach a ship; withdraw (troops) 1
subeo -ere -ii or -ivi -itum
- go under, pass under; undergo; come up to 2
subicio -icere -ieci -iectum
- shoot up, hurl up; put down below 1
submitto -ere
- let grow, permit; hold up hands (in prayer); 1
subsequor -sequi -secutus dep.
- follow after, follow up on; follow along... 1
subsidium -i n.
- aid, help, protection; reserve troops; reinforcements (mil.) 2
succedo -cedere -cessi -cessum
- move down under; come up to; advance up to2
sui (gen.) sibi se reflective pron.
- "himself herself.... self" 1
sum esse fui (futurus)
- be 1
sumo -ere sumpsi sumptum
- take up, pick up, take 2
superbus -a -um
- proud, haughty, prideful; "snotty" 2
supero -are
- climb on up above,conquer, dominate; be left over 2
supersum
- a) be over on top of; be superior to; b) remain survive; be available. 1
superus -a -um
- above, higher, aloft; (as noun) the Gods. " 1
supplex -icis
- on bended knee, entreating suppliant 1
supra adv.
- above on top; higher; over. ; As prep. with acc. above on top; higher 1
suscipio -ere -cepi -ceptum
- take up, undertake, take in hand grasp1
suspicio -ere -exi -ectum
- look up at; regard with esteem; 3
suspicor -are
- have an idea of, have an inkling of ; suspect (as guilty) 2
sustineo -ere -ui
- hold up, support, sustain;,hold on, endure 2
suus -a -um
- his her its theirs... So called 'reflexive adj.'..1
tam adv.
- so, so much, so far, such a.. 1
tamen adv.
- however, yet,still (on the other hand) nevertheless 1
tandem adv.
- at last, at long last, finally. 1
tantus -a um
- of such a (great) size; so great; so large.1
tardus -a -um
- slow; lazy, late2
telum -i n.
- weapon; sword knife; arrow javelin 2
temere adv.
- rashly blindly 1
tempero -are
- to moderate; be moderate control oneself 4
tempestas -atis f
- time, season; the bad season= storm time; storms2
tempto -are
- test; try out feel; attempt to 1
tempus -oris n.
- a) time time of the year (season); "the times"; b) the temples of the head.1
teneo -ere -ui -entum
- hold; grasp, grip; get a hold on 1
ter adv.
- three times; thrice 1
tergum -i n
- the back; the hide or skin, of the back on an animal1
terni -ae -a
- three at a time, threefold 3
terra -ae f.
- the land, the earth; the ground; Earth (the planet) the world 1
tertius -a -um
- third1
testudo -ionis f.
- shell of a turtle; shell (as ornaments); a military "shell"; the lyre 2
timeo -ere -ui
- fear, be afraid; be scared badly 1
timidus -a -um
- fearful, timid. 3
timor -ris m.
- fear, dread 2
tollo tollere sustuli sublatum
- lift up, pick up; hold up hold aloft1
totidem adv.
- just so many, just as many 2
totus -a -um
- all, entire, whole; complete 1
trabs -bis f.
- trunk of a tree;,beam plank;, timber of a boat; a boat; roof 2
trado -ere tradidi traditum
- hand over, give over; 1
traduco -ere -duxi -ductum
- lead over, convert; change; transfer.2
traho -ere -traxi tractum
- drag hail pull; bring along; bring to... ; draw forth 1
trans prep.
- With acc.: across, over 1
transeo -ire -ivi or ii -itum
- pass over go beyond; transgress; pass over, ignore 2
transporto -are
- transport, carry across (the sea) 5
trecenti -ae -a
- three hundred 3
tredecim
- "thirteen"3
tres
- three 1
tribunus -i m.
- tribune (the Roman official). 2
triduum -i n.
- a three days period 2
triginta
- thirty 2
triplex -icis
- threefold triple 5
tuba -ae f.
- a straight trumpet 1
tum tunc adv.
- then. at that time Cum... tum... ="not only... but also..... 1
tumulus -i m
- a mound hillock; a burial mound 3
turris -is f.
- tower of a citidel; fortified military tower; bower 2
ubi
- when; where 1
ubique adv.
- everywhere1
ulciscor -isci ultus
- avenge; wreak vengeance on; punish 2
ullus -a -um
- any1
ulterior -ioris
- more distant, further removed; next; farthest 1
ultra prep.
- beyond. 1
ultro adv. and prep. with acc.
- further, on the farther side; furthermore1
unde adv.
- from where.... whence " 1
undecem num.
- eleven" 2
undique adv.
- from all sides 1
unus -a -um
- one 1
urgeo -ere ursi (urgueo)
- press urge; urge on; press on hard (mil.); crowd around1
usus -us m.
- use; possession and use; usage 1
ut uti
- a) that; so that; how how as that.; b) as.. 1
uter -ra -rum
- either; either one (of two!);which whichever. 1
uterque utraque utrumque
- either one (of a set of two) 2
utilis -is
- useful; servicable; profitable effective 3
utor uti usus dep.
- use, make us of (obj. in abl.), employ;. 1
vaco -are
- be empty vacant (of land) be destitute of. needy. 2
vacuus -ua -uum
- empty, unoccupied2
vadum -i n.
- a ford on a river; shallows hoals, the sea seas 1
vagor -ari
- wander roam about 2
valeo -ere -ui
- be healthy, strong; prevail, win out; have the strength to... 1
valles -is f.
- valley, vale, a hollow 3
vallum -i n.
- a palisade (wooden poles); fortification (mil.) 2
varius -a -um
- varied; varied in nature number or color 1
vasto -are
- lay waste, ravage, devastate 2
vel adv.
- or (As "vel... vel... " = "either.. or").1
velox -ocis
- fast speedy quick. 1
velum -i n.
- sail, sailcloth, cloth covering 1
velut veluti adv. conj.
- just as, as if just,as if... 1
vendo -ere vendidi venditum
- sell; be up for sale hireable 1
venio -ire v�ni ventum
- come (with many sub-meanings) 1
ventus -i m.
- sailing wind; breeze; the changeable wind 1
verbum -i n.
- a word There are any idiomatic uses..1
vereor -eri -itus
- be afraid fear; be respectful to respect ("I fear that" is vereor ne.+subj.) 1
vergo -ere versi versum
- incline slide down; incline toward..(an idea person)2
verso -are
- turn around spin about; turn (over the earth); veer 2
verto -ere versi versum
- revolve, rotate; spin. 1
verus -a -um
- true; truthful; factual; honest nd decent. 1
vesper -eris (or -eri)m.
- the evening; the evening star; the West 2
vestigium -i n.
- footprint; track; trace vestige; imprint (2
vetus -eris
- old, aged, experienced; ancient 1
vexo -are
- shake, shake up; annoy vex 2
via -ae f.
- road, roadway; highway; path. A "way "= means to do... 1
victor -oris m.
- conqueror2
victoria -ae f.
- victory; conquest 3
victus -us m.
- food, nourishment for life (vivo) 2
vicus -i m.
- a village; section, district of a town 2
video -ere vidi visum
- see. perceive 1
vigilia -iae f.
- being awake, insomnia; a "watch" (mil); vigilance carefulness 1
viginti
- twenty (2
vincio -ire vinxi vinctum
- bind tie up; encompass 2
vinco -ere v�ci victum
- conquer win over; subdue 1
vinea -ae f.
- vineyard vine-shed; protective shed for soldiers attacking a fortification 2
vir -i m.
- a (grown) man. adult male; husband; 1
virtus -tutis f.
- manliness courage, manly strength = "virtue"1
vis acc. vim; abl. vi. n. pl. vires -ium etc.
- power violence; a military "force" 1
vix adv.
- hardly, barely, scarcely 1
volo velle volui
- wish; want desire; desire that... ; require 1
voluntas -tatis f.
- will,wish, desire; preference 1
vox -cis f.
- voice; sound of a voice; a word 1
vulgus -i n.
- the common people; the public; a crowd; the rabble 1
vulnero -are
- wound 2
vulnus -eris n.
- a wound2