Terms in this set (987)

  • .a ab abs
    away, away from; by means of (with abl.)1
  • abdo -dare -dedi
    put away, conceal3
  • absum -esse- -fui
    be absent, be lacking 2
  • accedo -ere -cepi ceptum
    approach2
  • accipio -cipere -cepi -ceptum
    - to take accept 2
  • accommodo - are
    - to fit out to fit to furnish 3
  • accuso - are
    - to accuse; prosecute (legal) 3
  • acer - cris -cre
    - sharp cutting keen (the -a- is long) 1
  • acies -ei f.
    - edge sharpness ; battle line 2
  • ad prep. with acc.
    - to toward near 1
  • adaequo -are:.
    - to make equal; to match 3
  • adduco -ducere -duxi -ductum
    - bring forth bring on 3
  • adeo adv.
    - to that point, so far 3
  • adeo adv.
    - to that point so far 2
  • adhibeo -ere -ui -itum
    - supply furnish 2
  • adigo -igere -egi -actum
    - drive forth 1
  • adimo -imere -emi -emptum
    - take away 2
  • aditus -us m.
    - approach attack (mil.) 2
  • adiuvo -iuvare -iuvi -iutum
    - to aid help 1
  • administro -are
    - direct administer 3
  • admiror -ari dep.
    - be surprised at 3
  • adolesco -olescere -olevi
    - to grow up 2
  • adorior -oriri -ortus dep.
    - rise up against. 2
  • adventus -us m.
    - arrival 2
  • adverto (advorto.) -vertere -verti -versum
    - turn toward 2
  • aedificium -i n.
    - a building 2
  • aedifico -are
    - to build 2
  • aeger -gra -grum
    - sick,ailing 2
  • aequus -a -um
    - level smooth f= 1
  • aestas -atis f.
    - heat, summer season 2
  • aestus -us m.
    - heat boiling 3
  • affero - ferre -tuli -latum
    - bring forth bear a report; excite 1
  • ager agri m.
    - field c1
  • agger -eris m.
    - rampart (mil.) dam2
  • aggredior -i -ssum
    - approach ; attack 2
  • agmen -inis n.
    - line, column of soldiers 3
  • ago agere. egi. actum.
    - drive (anything) on,accomplish 1
  • alacer -cris -cre
    - quick keen 2
  • alienus -a -um
    - strange foreign 3
  • aliquis aliquid. pron.
    - some one...or other 3
  • aliquot indecl. numeral
    - several 1
  • alius -ia -iud.
    - other, the other 1
  • alter -tera -terum
    - either (one...or the other) of a pair 1
  • altitudo -inis f.
    - height 2
  • altus -a -um
    - high, deep. 1
  • amicitia -ae f.
    - friendship. 1
  • amicus -a -um
    - friendly, a friend 2
  • amitto -mittere -misi missum
    - send away, dismiss 2
  • amplus -a um
    - big large 1
  • an particle
    - whether... or 1
  • anceps -cipitis
    - two headed, ambivalent3
  • angustiae -arum f. pl.
    - narrowness 3
  • angustus -a -um
    - narrow small 2
  • animadverto (animadvorto.) -vertere -verti -versum
    - turn toward 2
  • animus -i m.
    - the mind 1
  • annus -i m.
    - a year 1
  • ante adv. of place and time
    - before 1
  • aperio aperire aperui apertum.
    - open up 3
  • appello -are
    - speak to to, address 3
  • appello -pellere -puli -pulsum
    - drive to... 2
  • appropinquo -are
    - approach 3
  • aptus -a -um
    - well adjusted, fitting 3
  • apud prep. with acc.
    - at,, near, in 1
  • aqua -ae f.
    - water 1
  • aquila -ae f.
    - eagle, standard of a legion3
  • arbor (arbos) -oris f.
    - tree, wood 1
  • arcesso. (accerso.) -ere -ivi -itum
    - summon up 4
  • aridus -a -um
    - dry, arid 3
  • arma -orum n. pl.
    - weapons 2
  • armo -are
    - outfit with arms 3
  • ascendo -scendere -scendi -scensum
    - climb up, embark 4
  • atque at and ac
    - and, and also 1
  • attingo. -tingere -tigi -tactum
    - touch 3
  • auctoritas - atis f.
    - authority 3
  • audax -acis
    - bold 2
  • audeo -ere -ausus (semi dep.)
    - dare 1
  • audio -ire
    - listen, hear. 2
  • augeo. augere auxi. auctum.
    - make larger 3
  • aut (aut....... aut)
    - either..... or 1
  • autem adv.
    - however 1
  • auxilium -i n.
    - aid 1
  • averto (avorto.) -vertere -verti (-vorti) -versum (-vorsum)
    - turn away 3
  • avis -is f.
    - bird 1
  • barbarus -a -um
    - foreign 2
  • bello -are and bellor -ari dep.
    - to wage war 2
  • bellum -i n.
    - war 1
  • beneficium -i n.
    - a favor 2
  • biduum - i n.
    - period of two days 2
  • bini -ae
    - two each, doubles2
  • bis
    - twice 1
  • bonus -a -um
    - good 1
  • bracchium -i n.
    - arm f 2
  • brevis -e
    - small in size, short in time 1
  • cado cadere cecidi
    - fall down 1
  • caedo caedere cecidi caesum
    - strike 1
  • calamitas -atis f.
    - disaster 2
  • calidus (caldus) -a -um
    - warm 3
  • capio capere cepi captum
    - grasp, take 1
  • captivus -a -um
    - captive 3
  • caput -itis n.
    - head 1
  • caro carnis f.
    - meat 2
  • carrus -i m.
    - a waggon 5
  • castellum -i n.
    - a fort 3
  • castrum -i n. (usually castra -orum n. pl.)
    - military camp 1
  • casus -us m.
    - falling, danger 1
  • catena -ae f.
    - chain 2
  • causa (caussa) -ae f.
    - cause case (legal) 1
  • cautes -is f.
    - a rock 3
  • caveo cavere cavi cautum
    - be careful 2
  • cedo cedere cessi cessum
    - proceed ; withdraw 1
  • celer -eris -ere
    - quick agile 1
  • celeritas -atis f.
    - speed 2
  • celo -are
    - hide 2
  • centum
    - a hundred 3
  • centurio -onis m.
    - centurion (sergeant) 3
  • cerno. cernere crevi cretum
    - perceive 1
  • certamen -inis n.
    - struggle, battle 2
  • cibus. -i m.
    - food 2
  • cingo cingere cinxi. cinctum.
    - encircle 1
  • circiter adv. and prep. with acc.
    - about 3
  • circuitus -us m.
    - circle 4
  • circum adv.
    - around;1
  • circumdo -dare -dedi -datum
    - place around, encircle2
  • circumsisto -sistere -steti or -stiti
    - stand around 3
  • circumvenio -venire -veni -ventum
    - surround 2
  • citerior -ius
    - nearer, closer. 3
  • civitas -atis f.
    - citizenship the state 1
  • clam adv.
    - silently secretly 1
  • clamor -oris m.
    - a loud shout 2
  • classis - is f.
    - a class of society ; the fleet 2
  • cliens -entis m.
    - client 2
  • coepio* coepi coepere coepi coeptum.
    - to begin 1
  • cognosco -gnoscere -gnovi -gnitum
    - to learn about 1
  • cogo cogere coegi. coactum.
    - to bring together, force 1
  • cohors -tis f. -tis f.
    - a troop of soldiers 1
  • cohortor -ari dep.
    - to encourage 3
  • collis -is m.
    - hill 2
  • colloco -are
    - establish; place e 2
  • colloquium -ii n.
    - conference 1
  • colloquor -i
    - talk together, discuss2
  • commeatus -us m.
    - trade commerce 2
  • committo -mittere -misi -um
    - to bring together engage (in battle) 2
  • commodus -a -um
    - convenient 2
  • commoveo. -movere -movi -motum
    - to arouse, disturb 1
  • communis. -e adj.
    - in common, public 1
  • commmutatio -onis f. exchange 3
    ...
  • comparo -are
    - to buy, prepare 1
  • compello. -pellere -puli -pulsum
    - to drive together 2
  • comperio -ire -i -itum
    - to find out, learn 2
  • complector - i -plexus dep.
    - embrace grasp 1
  • compleo - plere -plevi -pletum
    - to fill up,complete 1
  • complures -ium
    - several, many 3
  • comporto -are
    - collect 3
  • concedo -cedere -cessi -cessum
    - to withdraw, yield 1
  • concido -cidere -cidi -cisum
    - to cut up 2
  • concilio -are
    - to bring together 5
  • concilium -i n.
    - popular assembly, a council 2
  • conclamo -are
    - to shout out 2
  • concurro -currere -curri (or -cucurri) -cursum
    - to run together 1
  • concursus -us m.
    - crowd 2
  • condicio -onis f.
    - agreement,ontract2
  • conduco -ducere -duxi -ductum
    - to collect, bring together 2
  • confero - ferre -tuli -latum
    - to bring together 1
  • confertus -a -um
    - crowded together 4
  • confestim adv.
    - immediately, without delay 3
  • conficio -ficere -feci -fectum
    - to do, perform, finish off (kill) 1
  • confido -fidere -fisus sum
    - to trust 5
  • confirmo - are
    - to make firm, strengthen 2
  • congredior -gredi -gressus
    - to approach 3
  • conicio -icere -ieci -ectum
    - to hurl together shoot 2
  • coniungo - iungere -iunxi -iunctum
    - to join together, marry 1
  • coniuro - are
    - conspire 2
  • conor -ari dep.
    - to try 1
  • consanguineus. -a -um
    - of a blood relative 3
  • conscendo -scendere -scendi -scensum
    - get up on, mount2
  • consector -ari dep.
    - to pursue3
  • consentio -sentire -sensi -sensum
    - to agree with 2
  • consequor -sequi -secutus dep.
    - to follow after 3
  • consido -sidere -sedi -sessum
    - to sit down take up a position (mil.) 2
  • consilium -i n.
    - counsel, a council 1
  • consisto - sistere -stiti -stitum
    - to take a stand (2
  • conspectus -a -um
    - visible, obvious 4
  • conspicio -spicere -spexi -spectum
    - to see, perceive 2
  • conspicor -ari dep.
    - to catch sight of 3
  • constituo -stituere -stitui -stitutum
    - to place, locate 2
  • consto -stare -stiti -statum
    - to stand still (i.e. stop) 1
  • consuesco -suescere -suevi -suetum
    - to become used to.... 1
  • consuetudo -inis f.
    - custom, habit 2
  • consulo -sulere -sului -sultum
    - to consult, decide 3
  • consumo -sumere -sumpsi -sumptum
    - to consume2
  • contendo -tendere -tendi -tentum
    - to stretch out 2
  • contineo -tinere -tinui -tentum
    - hold together, retain 1
  • continuus -a -um
    - continuous, unbroken 2
  • contra adv.
    - opposite against 1
  • contraho -trahere -traxi -tractum
    - to draw in. contract 1
  • contrarius -a -um
    - contrary, hostile2
  • contumelia -ae f.
    - an insult 2
  • convenio -venire -veni -ventum
    - to come together 1
  • conventus -us m.
    - coming together, assembly 3
  • converto -vertere -verti -versum
    - to turn over, convert 2
  • convoco -are
    - to call together 4
  • coorior -oriri -ortus dep.
    - to arise, attack 3
  • copia -ae f.
    - supply, abundance a force (mil.) 1
  • coram adv.
    - face to face 1
  • cornu. -us n.
    - horn,tumpet horn,wing of an army 1
  • corona -ae f.
    - crown ;a ring of soldiers 1
  • corpus - poris n.
    - body corpse 1
  • cotidianus or cottidianus.
    - daily 5
  • cotidie adv.
    - daily 1
  • creber - bra -brum
    - crowded, numerous 2
  • creo -are
    - to create, produce 2
  • cruciatus -us m.
    - torture 3
  • cum (older form quom.) conj.
    - when; since 1
  • cum prep. with abl.
    - with, together with 1
  • cunctor -ari dep.
    - delay, linger 2
  • cupidus -a -um
    - desiring, eager for... 2
  • cupio cupere. cupivi. or -ii -itum
    - desire. want 1
  • cur (archaic quor)
    - why? wherefore? 1
  • curo -are
    - care for, take care of 1
  • cursus. -us m.
    - a running, attack (mil.). 2
  • de prep. with abl.
    - from, away from ; concerning..... 1
  • debeo -ere -ui- itum
    - owe (money), ought 1
  • decedo - cedere -cessi -cessum
    - go away, yield 2
  • decem indecl.
    - ten 2
  • decerto -are
    - fight, compete 3
  • decimus (older decumus) -a -um
    - tenth 3
  • decipio -cipere -cepi -ceptum
    - deceive cheat foil 2
  • decurro -currere -cucurri or -curri -cursum
    - run, hurry along 1
  • dedecus -oris n.
    - disgrace 2
  • deditio -onis f.
    - surrender 2
  • dedo dedere -didi -ditum
    - give over, surrender2
  • deduco -ducere -duxi -ductum
    - lead away, 1
  • defendo -fendere -fendi -fensum
    - ward off, defend; 1
  • defero -ferre -tuli -latum
    - carry down, transport 1
  • defessus -a -um
    - tired, worn out 2
  • deficio -ficere -feci -fectum
    - fail, run out of. 2
  • defigo -figere -fixi fixum
    - jam down 2
  • deicio -icere -ieci -iectum
    - hurl down 2
  • deinde and abbrev. dein
    - then afterwards next 2
  • deligo -ligere -legi -lectum
    - pick out, select 3
  • demonstro -are
    - point out, demonstrate 2
  • demum
    - at (long) last, finally 2
  • densus -a -um
    - thick,condensed2
  • depono ponere posui (posivi) positum
    - place, locate 2
  • desero -serere -serui -sertum
    - withdraw, abandon 2
  • desilio -silire -silui -sultum
    - jump down dismount 3
  • desisto -sistere -stiti -stitum
    - cease, desist 5
  • despicio -spicere -spexi -spectum
    - look down, gaze over; despise 2
  • desum -esse -fui
    - be lacking, fail 1
  • deterior -ius genit. -oris.
    - worse 2
  • deterreo -terrere -terrui -territum
    - frighten off, errify 3
  • detraho -trahere -traxi -tractum
    - draw away, drag off remove 5
  • detrimentum -i n.
    - harm, damage 5
  • devenio -venire -veni -ventum
    - come upon, chance upon 2
  • dexter -tera -terum (or -tra -trum)
    - right handed, lucky, favorable 1
  • d�co dicere dixi dictum
    - speak, say,declare 1
  • dies -ei m.
    - day, daylight 1
  • differo differe distuli dilatum
    - carry away, spread about 2
  • difficultas -atis f.
    - difficulty; 5
  • diligo -ligere -lexi -lectum
    - prize, love; like 2
  • dimico -are -avi
    - fight. 3
  • dimitto -mittere -misi -missum
    - send away dismiss. 2
  • discedo -cedere -cessi -cessum
    - depart, go away, cease from... 1
  • discessus -us m.
    - separation. departure ----- 3
  • dispergo -spergere -spersi -spersum
    - spread about. scatter. extend 3
  • dispono -ponere -ponui -positum
    - place.. locate,arrange 2
  • disto -are
    - stand apart,be far from 2
  • distribuo -uere -ui -utum
    - divide up. distribute 2
  • diu adv.
    - for a long time. further. longer 1
  • divido -videre -visi -visum
    - divide. distribute. separate 1
  • do dare dedi datum
    - give. give (the right to...) grant 1
  • doceo docere docui doctum
    - tell, inform, teach 1
  • doleo dolere dolui
    - hurt grieve (impersonal it grieves.one)1
  • domus -us f.
    - house, home 1
  • dubito -are
    - question doubt that., be of two minds.., wonder about... 2
  • ducenti -orum
    - two hundred 1
  • duco ducere duxi ductum
    - lead, lead oneself to,... marry,consider 1
  • dum adv.
    - in the meantime ; conj. while, since, as long as, until 1
  • duo - ae -o
    - two 1
  • duodecim
    - twelve 3
  • duplex -plicis
    - double doubled dual 2
  • durus -a -um
    - hard, harsh tough 1
  • dux ducis c.
    - leader 1
  • edo -dere- didi -ditum
    - put forth, bring forth, produce 1
  • educo - are
    - lead forth bring forth (offspring) lead up from childhood, educate4
  • efficio -ficere -feci -fectum
    - to make, manufacture, cause 1
  • ego mei mihi me
    - I; plur. nos. (we) 1
  • egredior -gredi -gressus
    - march out (mil.) go forth 1
  • egregius -a -um
    - oustanding. distinguished 2
  • emo emere emi emptum
    - buy. purchase, gain 1
  • enim conj.
    - indeed, to be sure... indeed, yes (as an answer) 1
  • enuntio -are
    - announce, reveal, disclose 3
  • eo adv.
    - to this point, so far, thus far; therefore 1
  • eo ire ivi and ii itum
    - go, proceed 1
  • eques -itis m.
    - horseback rider; of the "equestrian" order = knight 1
  • equester -stris -stre
    - equestrian ; "equestrian" class of Roman nobility 3
  • equitatus -us m.
    - cavalry 3
  • equus -i m.
    - horse 2
  • eruptio -onis f.
    - bursting forth (fire water etc.), assault (mil.) 3
  • et
    - and. (et.... et.... = Engl. "both...and...."). 1
  • etiam
    - still, and yet, besides, also 3
  • etsi
    - even if,although 2
  • evado -vadere -vasi -vasum
    - go out, come away,escape 1
  • evenio -venire -veni -ventum
    - come forth, come about,happen 2
  • eventus -us m.
    - outcome, consequence 2
  • evoco -are
    - call out, summon, arouse 2
  • ex or e prep. with abl.
    - out of, from, away from; according to....1
  • exanimo -are
    - kill, kill with fear 3
  • excedo -cedere -cessi -cessum
    - go away, withdraw 1
  • excipio -cipere -cepi -ceptum
    - take out, ; receive (attack blows assault) 1
  • exeo -ire -ii (-ivi) -itum
    - go out,come out, emerge escape 1
  • exercitatio -onis f.
    - exercise, practice 3
  • exercitus -us m.
    - army, training 2
  • existimo (existumo) -are
    - put a value on price; judge 2
  • expedio - ire -ivi and ii -itum
    - to free from fetters; let loose 1
  • expello -pellere -puli -pulsum
    - drive out, force forth, expel 2
  • experior -periri -pertus dep.
    - try, test test, experience 2
  • explorator -oris m.
    - scout, spy 2
  • exploro -are
    - explore, inquire 2
  • expugno -are
    - capture (a town) (mil.) mbreak down; 2
  • exspecto -are
    - wait for m await m exspect2
  • exstruo -struere -struxi -structum
    - pile up, heap up 3
  • facilis -e
    - easy 1
  • facio facere f�ci factum (the pass. is fio; q.v.).
    - do, make, build, create 1
  • facultas -atis f.
    - faculty, power ; resources 2
  • familiaris -e
    - belonging to the household, personal, friendly. 2
  • faveo favere favi fautum
    - be favorably disposed towardm partial to 2
  • fere adv. ; also ferme
    - almost m just about, virtually2
  • fero ferre with perf. tuli latum
    - bear, carry ; betake oneself 1
  • ferreus - a -um
    - made of iron, steel; (hence) hard as iron = unfeeling 2
  • ferus -a -um
    - wild (of animals) savage, violent 2
  • fides -ei f.
    - faith, trust, good-faith 1
  • filius -i m.
    - son 2
  • fingo fingere finxi fictum
    - mould,shape,create ;magine 2
  • finis -is m.
    - boundary; territory; a limit termination death 1
  • finitimus and finitumus -a -um
    - near,, neighboring, (as noun in pl.) neighbors) 2
  • fio fieri factus sum (used as pass. of facio).
    - happen, take place, occur 1
  • firmus -a -um
    - firm strong, 3
  • flagito -are
    - demand, request strongly 2
  • fleo flere flevi fletum: intransit.
    - weep, cry,wail 1
  • floreo -ere -ui
    - flower, bloom, flourish 2
  • fluctus -us m.
    - waves 3
  • flumen -inis n.
    - river; flood; 1
  • fluo fluere fluxi fluxum
    - flow, pour out 1
  • fortis -e
    - strong, forceful,powerful 1
  • fortuna -ae f.
    - "Fortune", luck, chance; as a diety: Fortuna 1
  • fossa -ae f.
    - ditch, drainage ditch; trench (mil.) 2
  • frater -tris m.
    - brother ; comrade 1
  • fraternus -a-um
    - of a brother, brotherly 4
  • fremitus -us m.
    - roar, rumble 5
  • frons frontis f.
    - forehead, brow, the front of... 2
  • frumentarius -a -um
    - pertaining to the grain supply 2
  • frumentum -i n.
    - grain, the grain supply 2
  • frustra adv.
    - in vain 1
  • fuga -ae f.
    - flight, retreat 1
  • fugio fugere fugi fugitum
    - flee, retreat 1
  • funis -is m.
    - rope, cable 3
  • genus -eris n.
    - birth, race; tribe 1
  • gero gerere gessi gestum
    - carry on, do, perform1
  • gladius -i
    - a sword;,warefare 1
  • gratia -ae f.
    - grace, favor, goodwill 1
  • gravis -e
    - heavy, ponderous, serious 1
  • gravo -are
    - make heavy, burden, aggravate 2
  • gubernator -oris m.
    - pilot, helmsman (of a ship); director 4
  • habeo -ere -ui -itum
    - have, hold hold on to ; consider believe 1
  • hibernus -a -um
    - of winter, wintery.. 3
  • hic haec hoc
    - this one (here) the nearer one (as against ille) 1
  • hiemo -are
    - spend the winter, winter-over 2
  • hiems (hiemps) -emis f.
    - winter storm; stormy weather 1
  • homo -inis
    - a human being, person (male or female) 1
  • hora ae f.
    - hour of the day, time of day, an hours time; season 1
  • hortor -ari dep.
    - encourage, urge on; incite 2
  • hospes -pitis m. and hospita -ae f.
    - host, guest, stranger, a visitor 1
  • hospitium -i n.
    - hospitality, entertainment,an inn 2
  • hostis -s m.
    - stranger, foreigner; the enemy (mil.) 1
  • humilis -e
    - low, lowly humble; ignoble 1
  • iacio iacere ieci iectum
    - hurl, throw with force 3
  • iam adv.
    - now, already; soon 1
  • ibi adv.
    - there, at that place 1
  • idem eadem idem adj.
    - the same, same, the very same 1
  • idoneus -ea -eum
    - suitable, fitting,good for... 1
  • ignis -is m.
    - fire; 1
  • ignosco -ere -vi -tum
    - pardon, excuse1
  • ille illa illud
    - that, that over there as opposed to hic "this over here.1
  • immitto -ere -misi -misum
    - send in, let loose, lhurl 2
  • impedimentum -i n.
    - an obstacle. hindrance; heavy baggage (mil.) 2
  • impedio -ire
    - obstruct im-pede; block. 2
  • impello -ere -puli -pulsum
    - drive on, impel 2
  • imperium -ii n.
    - a command, military command; the "Empire"1
  • impero -are
    - make demands; give orders, command. 1
  • impetro -are
    - ask for (and receive...); request, obtain. 1
  • impetus -us m.
    - forward thrust, attack; 2
  • imploro -are
    - appealfor aid; implore 2
  • impono -ere -sui -situm
    - put on top of, 1
  • improvisus -a -um
    - unforeseen 3
  • in - joined intensifying prefix
    - highly., more and more.... 1
  • in - joined negativizing prefix
    - "not... ; un- 1
  • in prep.
    - (with acc.) into, toward at.. ; (with abl.) in on. 1
  • incendo -ere -endi -ensum
    - light a fire, kindle 2
  • incido -ere --di -casum
    - throw oneself forward, rush headlong; (short -i-) 2
  • incipio -ere -cept ceptum
    - begin; undertake 2
  • incito -are
    - spur on; stimulate; stir-up 2
  • incolo -ere --ui
    - inhabit, dwell in, live in... 2
  • incolumis -e
    - unharmed, safe; intact 2
  • incredibilis -e
    - unbelievable, not to be believed 2
  • inde adv.
    - thence; hence, from that place 1
  • induco -ere -xi -ctum
    - lead in, lead on, in-duce 1
  • indulgeo -ere -ulsi -ulsum
    - be indulgent to... ; show kindness to.. 1
  • ineo -ire -ivi -item
    - enter, enter into; 1
  • inermis -e
    - unarmed, defenseless (mil.); pacifistic 3
  • infero -ferre- tuli -latum
    - carry, carry forth, bring forth (troops); press forward1
  • inferus -a -um
    - (comparative iinferior) - lower, downward2
  • inicio -ere -ieci -iectum
    - throw forward, hurl at... 2
  • initium -ii n.
    - start, beginning; origin1
  • iniuria -iae f.
    - injustice, legal injury� 1
  • inopia -iae f.
    - lack, deprivation; needi 2
  • insequor -i -cutus
    - follow after, pursue;1
  • insidiae -ae f. pl.
    - traps, an ambush (mil.) 2
  • insignis -e
    - "distinguished; (an n. noun) a badge2
  • insisto -ere -stiti
    - pres forth, press on,insist on.; come to a stand-still 2
  • instituo -uere -ui -utum
    - set up, establish, undertake 2
  • insto are -stiti
    - stand forth, step forward; take a stand 1
  • instruo -ere -uxi -uctum
    - draw up, arrange, organize; 2
  • insula -ae f.
    - an island;2
  • intellego -ere -exi -ectum
    - understand, figure out, comprehend 2
  • inter prep with acc.
    - between, among 1
  • intercedo ere -cessi -cessum
    - intervene, intercede 2
  • intercludo -ere -cluse -clusum
    - close off, blockade (mil.),precent 2
  • interdum adv.
    - from time to time, periodically 1
  • interea adv.
    - meanwhile, in the meantime 1
  • interficio -ere -feci -fectum
    - kill, destroy ; terminate 1
  • interim adv.
    - meanwhile, in the "interim"1
  • intermitto -ere -misi -missim
    - let stop, ; interrupt; let go. 2
  • interpono -ere -sui
    - place inbetween; take part in.2
  • intervallum i n.
    - a valley, a gap; interval of time 2
  • intra
    - within, inside, within the area or time of...; (physically) within 1
  • invito -are
    - invite, entertain, induce 2
  • invitus -a -um
    - unwilling, against ones will 2
  • ipse -a -um reflex. pron.
    - himself, herself, itself 1
  • is ea id
    - he, she, it; this one (here nearer on this side) 1
  • ita adv.
    - thus, really? (ita often fills in for yes) 1
  • itaque adv.
    - and so,therefore 2
  • item
    - in the same, way likewise 1
  • iter itineris n.
    - road, a journey, march (mil.) 1
  • iterum
    - again, a second time, over..,again 2
  • iubeo iubere iussi iussum
    - order give orders 1
  • iudico -are
    - try a case, judge. 1
  • iugum -i n.
    - yoke to join animals; a draft pair; marriage (as if = coniugium) 1
  • iungo iungere iunxi iunctum
    - join (under a yoke), combine, join in marriage 1
  • iuro -are
    - swear, take an oath; promise;1
  • ius iuris n.
    - law, the ""LAW" 1
  • iustitia -ae f.
    - justice,equity 2
  • iuvo -are iuvi iutum
    - help, aid; foster 1
  • labor labi lapsus dep.
    - to glide, slide; slip 2
  • laboro -are
    - work, take pains 2
  • lac lactis n.
    - milk, sap, latex 2
  • lacesso -ere -ivi -itum
    - provoke, attack; challenge 2
  • lacrima (lacruma) -ae f.
    - a tear, weeping, lament1
  • lacus - us m.
    - a lake, pond; 2
  • lapis -idis m.
    - a stone; stone in general, masonry, gemstone 2
  • largus -a -um
    - generous, liberal, lavish 1
  • lateo -ere
    - be in hiding, hide, be invisible 2
  • latitudo -inis
    - breadth (of an object); size 2
  • latus -a -um
    - broad,, wide, extensive 1
  • latus -eris n.
    - side, side in general; a wall 1
  • legatio -onis f.
    - legation, an embassy; office of the "legatus" 2
  • legio -onis f.
    - a Legion of Roman army,an army in general e 1
  • legionarius -a -um
    - a soldier (belonging to a legion) 3
  • lego -are
    - bestow. bequeath 2
  • levis -e
    - light, quick, lightfooted (the -e- is short) 1
  • l�ber -i m. as. pl.
    - children (the -i- is long) 1
  • liberalis -e
    - of free men; (hence) honest " gentlemanly" 2
  • libertas -tatis f-----. liberty freedom 2
    ...
  • licet licuit licitum est impers.. vb.
    - it is permitted; it is clear that....; (as adv.) although2
  • lingua -ae f.
    - tongue, speech, language 2
  • littera (litera) -ae f.
    - letter (of the alphabet; a letter epistle); (pl.) literature; scholarship 1
  • litus -oris n.
    - seashore, coast, beach 3
  • XXXX
    ...
  • locus -i m.
    - place, location. 1
  • longinquus -a -um
    - remote, far off 2
  • longus -a -um
    - long, large, tall1
  • loquor loqui locutus dep.
    - talk, speak 1
  • lux lucis f.
    - light, daylight daytime 1
  • magistratus -us m.
    - magistracy; public officer2
  • magnitudo -inis f.
    - size, expanse, volume 1
  • magnus -a -um
    - big, large, great;1
  • maleficium -i n.
    - wrongdoing 5
  • mando -are
    - entrust (to someone) ; commission; order 1
  • maneo manere mansi mansum
    - stay, wait remain; wait for (2
  • manus -us f.
    - hand, anything like a hand; handle; a band = platoon 1
  • mare -is n.
    - the Sea; (as mare nostrum=) Mediterranean Sea 1
  • maritimus (maritumus) -a -um
    - of the sea; near the sea 3
  • mater matris f.
    - mother 1
  • materia -ae and materies -ei f.
    - wood, timber 1
  • maturo -are: intransit.
    - ripen; mature; hasten 3
  • maturus -a -um
    - ripe, mature; at the right time 1
  • medius -a -um
    - middle, central,in-between 1
  • memoria -ae
    - memory 1
  • mensis -s m.
    - a month; menstrual cycle 3
  • mercator -oris m.
    - merchant 3
  • mereo -ere -ui -itum = mereor -eri -itus dep.
    - earn, get paid for, deserve 1
  • miles -itis c.
    - soldier, private in the army 1
  • militaris -e
    - military; a soldier; of military age 2
  • mille
    - a thousand M 1
  • minuo -uere -ui -utum
    - make less (minus) lessen ; weaken 2
  • mirus -a -um
    - wonderful. extraordinary 1
  • mitto -ere misi missum
    - send; let go hurl 1
  • modus -i m.
    measure, manner, way 2
  • moles -is f.
    - a large rok lump of stone, earth; boulder; mass. 1
  • mollis -e
    - soft, gentle mild; womanly 1
  • moneo -ere
    - warn, remind; advise 1
  • mons montis m.
    - a mountain, mountains 1
  • mora -ae f.
    - delay, lost time; interval1
  • moror -ari dep.
    - delay, check ; restrain 1
  • mors mortis f.
    - death, Death (as a god) 1
  • mos moris m.
    - custom, manner 2
  • motus -us m.
    - motion motion of stars; movement of the body mind; any agitation or agitated act passion 2
  • moveo movere movi motum
    - move make to move (caus.); change location = "move"; remove oust; disturb agitate provoke 1
  • mulier -eris f.
    - woman wife (or mistress); a grown woman (as against girl = virgo) 1
  • multitudo -inis f.
    - multitude, the population 1
  • multus -a um
    - much, many, very much 1
  • munio (moenio) -ire
    - build a defence, walls fortify; protect. 2
  • munitio -onis f.
    - fortification, building up of defences 3
  • munus (moenus) -eris n.
    - duty, official responsibility; funerary rites, gifts 1
  • murus -i n.
    - wall, fortification; 1
  • nam conj.
    - for indeed, because 1
  • namque adv.
    - indeed, for sure 3
  • nanciscor nancisci na(n)ctus dep.
    - get get possession of acquire1
  • nascor -i natus dep.
    - be born; come into being 1
  • natio -onis f.
    - birth; nation, race 3
  • natura -ae f.
    - birth, origin; 'the way things are or come to be'2
  • nauta -ae m.
    - sailor, mariner 1
  • navigatio -onis f.
    - sailing, voyage 3
  • navigo -are intrans.
    - sail, travel by boat, navigate 2
  • navis -is f.
    - ship, boat 2
  • ne (a negativizing particle enclitic)
    - "lest so that... not; not..." 1
  • nec and neque
    - nor, neither...nor 1
  • necessarius -a -um
    - necessary, required 2
  • neco -are
    - kill, destroy 3
  • neglego -legere -lexi -lectum
    - disregard,dismiss; neglect. 2
  • negotium -i n.
    - work, business; a task;1
  • nemo -inis c.
    - no one, nobody 1
  • neque
    - nor, neither... nor; 1
  • neuter -tra -trum
    - neither, neither the one (nor the other)2
  • nihil or contr. nil
    - nothing, nothing at all. 1
  • nisi ni conj.
    - unless, except 1
  • nitor niti nisus or nixus dep.
    - lean, rest on, rely on;1
  • nobilis -e
    - worth knowing; remarkable notable; 1
  • nobilitas -atis f.
    - nobility 2
  • noceo -ere
    - harm, hurt,injure 1
  • nolo nolle nolui
    - wish...not; be unwilling 1
  • nomen -inis n.
    - name ; a noun;1
  • nominatim adv.
    - by name 3
  • non adv.
    - not 1
  • nonaginta
    - ninety 3
  • nonne interrog.
    - is it not...? 1
  • nonus -a-um
    - ninth, the ninth hour (roughly p.m.) 3
  • nosco -ere novi notum
    - know, be acquainted with... 1
  • noster -tra -trum
    - ours, of our family, nation 1
  • novem
    - nine 2
  • novus -a -um
    - new, novel, different; new = recent 1
  • nox noctis f.
    - night (as against day)1
  • nudo -are
    - bare, uncover ; expose 1
  • nullus -a -um
    - none, not any1
  • numerus -i m.
    - number, sum; quantity;1
  • nuntio -are
    - announce, give orders inform; make a report 1
  • nuntius -i m.
    - a messenger; military messenger; information 1
  • nutus -us m.
    - a nod (as a signal) 3
  • ob prep. with acc.
    - towards, in front of, up against; because of..... 1
  • obicio -icere -ieci -iectum
    - hurl forth throw at; 1
  • obses -sidis c.
    - a hostage;1
  • obsidio -onis f.
    - blockade, seige 3
  • obtineo -tinere -tinui -tentum
    - hold on, stay remain; obtain 1
  • occasio -onis f.
    - occasion, the right moment; a good chance 2
  • occasus -us m.
    - a chance opportunity; setting of the sun, downfall 2
  • occ�do -cidere -cidi -cisum
    - cut down, kill (long -i-) 2
  • occulo -are
    - cover, hide conceal 2
  • occupo -are
    - occupy, take possession of; take over 1
  • occurro -currere -curri -cursum
    - run up to, go to meet; confront 1
  • Oceanus -i m.
    - the ocean, sea 3
  • octavus -a -um
    - eighth 2
  • octingenti -ae -a
    - eight hundred 5
  • octoginta
    - eighty 2
  • officium -i n.
    - office = service, act of service; function;1
  • omnino adv.
    - all in all, altogether; in general 1
  • omnis -e
    - all, entire, whole; complete; 1
  • onerarius -a -um
    - burdened, carrying i.e. cargo (ships) 5
  • onus -eris n.
    - a burden, weighty load; 1
  • opera -ae f.
    - work, a job 1
  • opinio -onis f.
    - opinion, belief 2
  • oportet -tere -tuit impers.
    - ought, should ought to...; 1
  • oppidum -i n.
    - a town, a provincial township (a Gaulish-Celtic word). 2
  • opportunus -a -um
    - suitable, opportune; timely 2
  • opprimo -ere -pressi -pressum
    - press, crush, oppress 2
  • oppugnatio -onis f.
    - attack on a walled town 3
  • oppugno -are
    - to attack, assault 2
  • opus -eris n.
    - work; construction works 1
  • oratio -onis f.
    - speaking; a public speech, an oration1
  • ordo -inis m.
    - order, rank 2
  • orior oriri ortus dep.
    - rise rise up; come into being1
  • oro -are
    - pray (to gods); beseech (a person); make an "oration" 2
  • ostendo -are
    - show, display, demonstrate 2
  • paco -are
    - pacify, bring peace3
  • paene adv.
    - nearly, almost 1
  • paenitet -ere impersonal verb pers. sing.
    - it is regrettable, it pains one..... 2
  • pagus -i m.
    - country area, borough 5
  • palus -udis f.
    - marsh, swamp 2
  • pando pandere pandi pansum
    - spread out ; open wide 2
  • par paris adj.
    - equal, same; matched 1
  • paro -are
    - purchase, get, get ready, prepare for 1
  • pars partis f.
    - part, portion 1
  • parum adv.
    - too little, insufficient, not enough 1
  • parvus -a -um
    - small, insignificant 1
  • passus -us m.
    - a pace, a 'stride' ; mille passum = one mile 2
  • pateo -ere
    - lie open; be open 1
  • pater -tris m.
    - father,forefather ; a "paterfamili�s" 1
  • patior pati passus dep.
    - suffer, tolerate endure; 1
  • paucus -a -um
    - few, small in number,just a few 1
  • paulatim (paullatim)
    - gradually, little by little 3
  • paulisper (paullisper)
    - for a little while 3
  • paulum adv.
    - a little, a bit 1
  • pax pacis f.
    - peace, a pact (concluding war), pecaetime1
  • pecus -oris n.
    - herd of cattle ; a farm animal 2
  • pedes -itis m.
    - pedestrian; a foot soldier, infantryman 2
  • pedester -tris -tre adj.
    - pedestrian; walking ; of infantry 2
  • pellis -is f.
    - skin; skin as leather a hide; parchment 2
  • pello -ere pepuli pulsum
    - drive, push, strike 2
  • pendo pendere pependi pensum
    - weigh; pay out, ; weigh = consider 1
  • per prep. with acc.
    - through, along, during (a time) ; by means of... 1
  • perago -agere -egi -actum
    - drive in every direction; drive on1
  • perduco -ducere -duxi -ductum
    - bring through conduct;1
  • perfero -ferre -tuli -latum
    - carry through, bring to the end, complete 1
  • perficio -ere -feci -fectum
    - bring through to completion, finish; 1
  • pergo ere -perrexi perrectum
    - go on, go first, proceed (in walking);1
  • periculum (periclum) -i n.
    - danger 1
  • peritus -a -um
    - experienced; an expert on... 2
  • permitto -mittere -misi -missum
    - let go, release; hurl (a weapon) 2
  • permoveo -movere -movi -motum
    - move, agitate stir; perturb 2
  • perpetuus -a -um
    - continuous, uninterrupted; l permanent 1
  • perspicio -spicere -spexi -spectum
    - look over, examine see into2
  • persuadeo -suadere -suasi -suasum
    - persuade; be persuasive to/in... (Dative obj.) 1
  • perterreo -ere
    - to completely terrify 5
  • pertineo -tinere -tinui
    - reach, extend, pertain to 1
  • perturbo -are
    - disorganize, confuse upset 2
  • pervenio -venire -veni -ventum
    - arrive (come through); penetrate (= get through); r1
  • pes pedis
    - foot, leg; a foot (measurement)1
  • peto -ere -ivi -itus
    - seek, search for; ask or beg for, seek2
  • phalanx -angis f.
    - an infantry formation in close array 3
  • pilum -i n.
    - the javelin of the Roman infantry 3
  • planus -a -um
    - flat level (geom.) plane; obvious plain 3
  • plerusque -raque -rumque (plur. plerique -raeque -raque)
    - the greater number of, most most of... 2
  • polliceor -eri -cirus dep.
    - promise; give a promise2
  • pondus -eris n.
    - weight, a weight,mass load;1
  • pono ponere posui (posivi) positum
    - place, locate 1
  • pons pontis m.
    - a bridge 2
  • populo -are and populor -ari dep.
    - plunder (actually= de-populo "depopulate"). 1
  • populus -i m.
    - the people; nation; the "people" 1
  • porta -ae f.
    - gate, city-gate; gateway; any doorway 1
  • porto -are
    - carry,bear 2
  • portus -us m.
    - port, harbor2
  • posco poscere poposci
    - ask for strongly demand; request 1
  • possum posse potui
    - be able, be able to...; 1
  • post (older poste) adv.
    - after, afterwards, later; further on 1
  • postea adv.
    - afterwards, next 1
  • posterus (poster) -a -um
    - later, next; future 2
  • postquam adv.
    - after.... 2
  • postridie adv.
    - on the following day 2
  • postulo -are
    - ask for, demand 2
  • potestas -tatis f.
    - power, rule 1
  • potior compar. adj. -neut. potius
    - more powerful = preferable; to be preferred... 2
  • praebeo -bere -bui -bitum
    - set forth, put forth; provide 1
  • praeceps -cipitis
    - head-first, headlong; rushing onwards 1
  • praeda -ae f.
    - booty plunder, loot (mil.)1
  • praedor -ari dep.
    - plunder, rob 3
  • praefero -ferre -tuli -latum
    - carry out front;, consider first = prefer 1
  • praeficio -ficere -feci -fectum
    - (place in front of), put in charge of (administrative). 2
  • praemitto -ere -misi -misum
    - send ahead, dispatch 2
  • praemium -ii n.
    - reward, prize 2
  • praescribo -ere -scripsi -scriptum
    - prescribe, give orders... 3
  • praesertim adv.
    - especially 2
  • praesidium -ii n.
    - military garrison; protection 2
  • praesto -are -stiti -stitum
    - stand out excel 2
  • praesto adv/adj.
    - ready at hand, ready on the spot 1
  • praesum -esse- fui
    - be ahead of = be in charge of 2
  • praeter prep with acc.
    - along, past; besides 2
  • praeterea conj.
    - beside, moreover 1
  • premo premere pressi pressum
    - press crush; compress; 1
  • pretium -i n.
    - price, value; ; prize; 1
  • prex precis (usually plur:. preces)
    - a request, entreaty 2
  • pridie adv.
    - on the day before 3
  • primus -a -um
    - first foremost; earliest; nearest;1
  • princeps -cipis adj.
    - first ; as noun: = leader ; a prince president1
  • prior prius genit. -oris compar. adj.
    - first, prior, previous; ancient 1
  • pristinus -a -um
    - ancient, old; original, pristine 3
  • priusquam adv.
    - before, earlier than./.." 1
  • privo -are
    - deprive of, prevent 2
  • pro interj. (roughly equal to)
    - Oh my god! 3
  • probo -are
    - approve commend1
  • procedo -cedere -cessi -cessum
    - go ahead, go on, proceed;1
  • procumbo -cumbere -cubui -cubitum
    - lean forward, incline forward; genuflectt2
  • prodeo -ire -ii -itum
    - come forward; go forth 1
  • produco -ducere -duxi -ductum
    - bring forward, forth; bring into view;1
  • proelium -i n.
    - battle, fight; 1
  • profectio -onis f.
    - origins; departure 5
  • proficiscor -ficisci -fectus dep.
    - go forth, set out start on a trip; proceed;3
  • profugio -fugere -fugi
    - flee, escape, run away 2
  • progredior -gredi -gressus dep.
    - go forward, advance; proceed; go on to... 1
  • prohibeo -ere
    - hold back hold off; prohibit prevent restrain 1
  • proicio -icere -ieci -iectum
    - hurl, throw forth; rush advance rashly 1
  • pronuntio -are
    - state, pronounce; speak out; relate 1
  • pronus -a -um
    - bending forward, leaning forward; prone1
  • prope adv.
    - close, near; closer; nearly = almost 1
  • propero -are
    - rush, hurry be in haste; rush to (do something) 1
  • propinquus -a -um
    - near, close by; neighboring; a relative2
  • propono -ponere -posui -positum
    - set forth, expose, exhibit; 1
  • propter adv and prep.
    - adv: near, beside; (prep. with acc.:) on account of because 1
  • propterea adv.
    - on that account, therefore 2
  • prosequor -sequi -secutus dep.
    - follow along with ; accompany; s 1
  • provideo -videre -vidi -visum
    - see ahead, perceive in advance1
  • provincia -ae f.
    - a Roman province 2
  • publicus -a -um
    - of the public, of the people, public1
  • puer -i m.
    - boy, son; child (boy or girl); "boy" = slave 1
  • pugna -ae f.
    - -fight any fight; battle (mil.); 1
  • pugno -are
    - fight, battle; engage in battle (mil.); contend 1
  • puppis -is f.
    - the poop of a ship; a ship 2
  • puto -are
    - think, consider, think about 1
  • quadraginta
    - forty 4
  • quadringenti
    - four hundred (the numeral)3
  • quaero quaerere quaesii or quaesivi quaesitum
    - seek, look for, ask for... 1
  • quaestor -oris m.
    - a magistrate, the "quaestor" 1
  • quam adv.
    - than 1
  • quamvis
    - as much as you please 2
  • quantus -a -um
    - how great? how much? 1
  • quartus -a -um
    - fourth (in order rank etc.) 2
  • quaterni -ae -a
    - four at a time four each 3
  • quattuor
    - four 2
  • quattuordecim
    - fourteen 2
  • que enclitic conj.
    - and; (repeated) -que...-que : both...and... 1
  • queror queri questus dep.
    - complain, lament; ; protest 1
  • qui quae quod "relative". adj.
    - which, what, what kind of 1
  • quicumque (quicunque) quaecumque quodcumque
    - whosoever, whatsoever, whatever 1
  • quidam quaedam quodam
    - a certain person or thing 1
  • quidem
    - indeed; ne....quidem ----- not even... 1
  • quin
    - (in questions) why not?; but that... 2
  • quindecim
    - fifteen 3
  • quingenti -ae -a
    - five hundred 3
  • quini -ae -a
    - five each" 3
  • quinquaginta
    - fifty 3
  • quinque
    - five 1
  • quintus -a -um
    - fifth; one fifth 2
  • quis quae quod (in questions quid?)
    - "somebody, anybody" ; = aliquis 2
  • quisquam quaequam quidquam (quicquam)
    - anybody anyone anything 2
  • quisque quaeque quidque
    - each one, each person (or thing)2
  • quivis quaevis quidvis (adj. quodvis)
    - whosoever, whatsoever 5
  • quoad conj.
    - up to the point that... until 3
  • quod conj.
    - the fact that the point that; as to the fact that; (often=)because 1
  • quominus
    - so that not 3
  • quoniam
    - since whereas because 2
  • quoque placed after the word it emphasizes
    - also too 1
  • radix -icis f.
    - root base origin; source 2
  • rarus -a -um reticulated (like a nat); airy spacey; (rarely) rare 2
    ...
  • ratio -onis f.
    - reason reasoning; adding numbers up... 1
  • ratis -is f.
    - a raft; a craft a boat 2
  • recens -entis
    - new fresh recent; vigorous 2
  • recipio -cipere -cepi -ceptum
    - receive, take in; accept; 3
  • recuso -are
    - refuse reject; decline to...; oppose... 2
  • reddo -dere -didi -ditum
    - hand over; give back, return 1
  • redeo -ire -ii (-ivi) -itum
    - go back, come back, return; 1
  • redigo -ere -egi -actum
    - drive back, bring down; reduce 2
  • redimo -imere -emi -emptum
    - buy back, buy up; pay a ransom1
  • reduco -ducere -duxi -ductum
    - bring back; retreat (mil.); bring back = recall to mind 1
  • refero referre rettuli relatum
    - bring back,return, carry back; withdraw (mil.); report1
  • reficio -ficere -feci -fectum
    - make over, re-do, restore, repair 2
  • regio -onis f.
    - direction, area; region 1
  • regnum -i n.
    - realm, the kingly power; sovreignty; a kingdom (see rex). 1
  • reicio -icere -ieci -iectum
    - throw, hurl,shove;. reject; 1
  • relinquo -linquere -liqui -lictum
    - leave, leave behind; depart from. 1
  • reliquus (relicus) -a -um
    - the rest, the remainder 1
  • remaneo -manere -mansi -mansum
    - to remain,, stay, continue 2
  • remitto -mittere -misi -missum
    - send back,return; push back; 1
  • removeo -movere -movi -motum
    - move away remove; banish1
  • remus -i m.
    - an oar 3
  • renovo -are
    - renew, repair; fix up as good as new 4
  • renuntio -are
    - report back report 2
  • repello -ere
    - drive back ward off repel(mil.) 2
  • repentinus -a -um
    - sudden 2
  • reperio -ire -per -pertum
    - find. find out (by inquiring)2
  • reprehendo -ere -di -nsum
    - grasp grab back get a hold on; 2
  • res rei f.
    - A "thing", wealth = property, an estate; goods; the "Res-publica" 1
  • reservo -are
    - reserve; conserve; preserve 2
  • resisto -sistere -stiti
    - stop, stay still; take a stand, oppose 1
  • respicio -spicere -spexi -spectum
    - look back, look around for...;, think back upon.., 1
  • respondeo -spondere -spondi -sponsum
    - answer, respond;1
  • restituo -uere -ui -utum
    - set up,again renew restore1
  • retineo -tinere -tinui -tentum
    - hold back, hold fast; check restrain; retain in mind 1
  • reverto (revorto) -vertere -verti (dep.. revertor)
    - turn around, go back, return;. 1
  • rex regis m.
    - King, ruler, prince 1
  • ripa -ae f.
    - bank shore 3
  • robur -oris n.
    - oak; hardwood timber, lumber; strength, force (mil.) 1
  • rogo -are
    - ask, ask for, beg for, question.... 1
  • rostrum -i n.
    - muzzle of an animal; prow of a ship; platform for speakers in Forum 2
  • rumor -oris m.
    - noise, clamor tumult; gossip rumor 2
  • rupes -is f.
    - rock, cliff 2
  • rursus and rursum
    - backward, back; on the other hand; again 1
  • saepe adv.
    - often, frequently 1
  • saevio -ire -ii -itum
    - act savagely, be furious rage; roar at... 2
  • sagitta -ae f.
    - arrow 2
  • salus -utis m..
    - health; safety" 2
  • satis or sat
    - enough, sufficient; sufficiently1
  • saucius -a -um
    - wounded, gashed; stricken 3
  • saxum -i n.
    - a rock stone; stone as building material 1
  • scio scire scivi or scii scitum
    - know; be aware of...; be aware that...; have knowledge of... 1
  • scutum -i n.
    - a large shield 2
  • secundus -a -um
    - (sequor) following, following after. ; favorable (of the wind).. 1
  • sed
    - but however 1
  • sedecim
    - sixteen 1
  • semel adv.
    - once, one time 1
  • senatus -us (or -i) m.
    - the senate 1
  • sententia -ae f.
    - thought; an idea; an opinion; 1
  • sentio sentire sensi sensum
    - perceive, feel sense; have a feeling about... 1
  • septem
    - seven 3
  • septentriones -um (pl.) m.
    - the north wind ; the Seven Stars of Ursa Major ; 2
  • septimus (septumus) -a -um
    - seventh 4
  • septingenti -ae -a
    - seven hundred 5
  • septuaginta
    - seventy 5
  • sequor sequi secutus dep.
    - follow (in place time or effect) 1
  • servitus -utis f.
    - slavery, servitude 2
  • sescenti -ae -a
    - six hundred; (as a typical round number!); countless 4
  • sex
    - six 1
  • sexaginta
    - sixty 3
  • sextus -a -um
    - sixth 5
  • si sin sive seu
    - if 1
  • sic conj.
    - thus so in this manner1
  • signum -i n.
    - a mark,sign seal; a sign portent; star 1
  • silva -ae f.
    - a wood forest; a plantation grove 1
  • simul
    - all together,as one; at the same time (as) 1
  • simulatio -onis f.
    - an imitation; pretence 2
  • sine prep. with abl.
    - without 1
  • singuli -ae -a
    - single separate one at a time 1
  • sinister -tra -trum
    - on the left hand; wrong perverse; unfavorable 1
  • socius -a -um
    - allied, of a partner or partnership; as noun an ally partner1
  • sol solis m.
    - the sun 1
  • solus -a -um
    - sole, only; alone; lonely 1
  • soror -oris
    - a sister 1
  • sors sortis f.
    - lot drawing lots; ones "lot"; destiny fate 1
  • spatium -i n.
    - space; open space; space of time; time 1
  • species -ei f.
    - sight, seeing; appearance 1
  • specto -are
    - look at, watch; inspect 1
  • spero -are
    - hope, for hope; wish, desire 1
  • spes -ei f.
    - hope, ; hope = (Deity) 1
  • sponte adv.----- of ones own free will, spontaneously (sua sponte)1
    ...
  • statim adv.
    - steadfastly; (more often) on the spot at once 1
  • statio -onis f.
    - a standing still; a place of abode; post station (mil.) 2
  • statuo -uere -ui -utum
    - set down place locate; stand still 1
  • stipendium -i n.
    - a soldiers pay (annual); military service2
  • strepitus -us m.
    - any harsh noise, from clatter to crackle 2
  • studeo -ere -ui
    - to be eager take pains strive after 1
  • studium -i n.
    - zeal, eagerness, application with enthusiasm 1
  • sub prep.
    - under, beneath, below; ; after (in time); 1
  • subduco -ducere -duxi -ductum
    - pull up, slide up; beach a ship; withdraw (troops) 1
  • subeo -ere -ii or -ivi -itum
    - go under, pass under; undergo; come up to 2
  • subicio -icere -ieci -iectum
    - shoot up, hurl up; put down below 1
  • submitto -ere
    - let grow, permit; hold up hands (in prayer); 1
  • subsequor -sequi -secutus dep.
    - follow after, follow up on; follow along... 1
  • subsidium -i n.
    - aid, help, protection; reserve troops; reinforcements (mil.) 2
  • succedo -cedere -cessi -cessum
    - move down under; come up to; advance up to2
  • sui (gen.) sibi se reflective pron.
    - "himself herself.... self" 1
  • sum esse fui (futurus)
    - be 1
  • sumo -ere sumpsi sumptum
    - take up, pick up, take 2
  • superbus -a -um
    - proud, haughty, prideful; "snotty" 2
  • supero -are
    - climb on up above,conquer, dominate; be left over 2
  • supersum
    - a) be over on top of; be superior to; b) remain survive; be available. 1
  • superus -a -um
    - above, higher, aloft; (as noun) the Gods. " 1
  • supplex -icis
    - on bended knee, entreating suppliant 1
  • supra adv.
    - above on top; higher; over. ; As prep. with acc. above on top; higher 1
  • suscipio -ere -cepi -ceptum
    - take up, undertake, take in hand grasp1
  • suspicio -ere -exi -ectum
    - look up at; regard with esteem; 3
  • suspicor -are
    - have an idea of, have an inkling of ; suspect (as guilty) 2
  • sustineo -ere -ui
    - hold up, support, sustain;,hold on, endure 2
  • suus -a -um
    - his her its theirs... So called 'reflexive adj.'..1
  • tam adv.
    - so, so much, so far, such a.. 1
  • tamen adv.
    - however, yet,still (on the other hand) nevertheless 1
  • tandem adv.
    - at last, at long last, finally. 1
  • tantus -a um
    - of such a (great) size; so great; so large.1
  • tardus -a -um
    - slow; lazy, late2
  • telum -i n.
    - weapon; sword knife; arrow javelin 2
  • temere adv.
    - rashly blindly 1
  • tempero -are
    - to moderate; be moderate control oneself 4
  • tempestas -atis f
    - time, season; the bad season= storm time; storms2
  • tempto -are
    - test; try out feel; attempt to 1
  • tempus -oris n.
    - a) time time of the year (season); "the times"; b) the temples of the head.1
  • teneo -ere -ui -entum
    - hold; grasp, grip; get a hold on 1
  • ter adv.
    - three times; thrice 1
  • tergum -i n
    - the back; the hide or skin, of the back on an animal1
  • terni -ae -a
    - three at a time, threefold 3
  • terra -ae f.
    - the land, the earth; the ground; Earth (the planet) the world 1
  • tertius -a -um
    - third1
  • testudo -ionis f.
    - shell of a turtle; shell (as ornaments); a military "shell"; the lyre 2
  • timeo -ere -ui
    - fear, be afraid; be scared badly 1
  • timidus -a -um
    - fearful, timid. 3
  • timor -ris m.
    - fear, dread 2
  • tollo tollere sustuli sublatum
    - lift up, pick up; hold up hold aloft1
  • totidem adv.
    - just so many, just as many 2
  • totus -a -um
    - all, entire, whole; complete 1
  • trabs -bis f.
    - trunk of a tree;,beam plank;, timber of a boat; a boat; roof 2
  • trado -ere tradidi traditum
    - hand over, give over; 1
  • traduco -ere -duxi -ductum
    - lead over, convert; change; transfer.2
  • traho -ere -traxi tractum
    - drag hail pull; bring along; bring to... ; draw forth 1
  • trans prep.
    - With acc.: across, over 1
  • transeo -ire -ivi or ii -itum
    - pass over go beyond; transgress; pass over, ignore 2
  • transporto -are
    - transport, carry across (the sea) 5
  • trecenti -ae -a
    - three hundred 3
  • tredecim
    - "thirteen"3
  • tres
    - three 1
  • tribunus -i m.
    - tribune (the Roman official). 2
  • triduum -i n.
    - a three days period 2
  • triginta
    - thirty 2
  • triplex -icis
    - threefold triple 5
  • tuba -ae f.
    - a straight trumpet 1
  • tum tunc adv.
    - then. at that time Cum... tum... ="not only... but also..... 1
  • tumulus -i m
    - a mound hillock; a burial mound 3
  • turris -is f.
    - tower of a citidel; fortified military tower; bower 2
  • ubi
    - when; where 1
  • ubique adv.
    - everywhere1
  • ulciscor -isci ultus
    - avenge; wreak vengeance on; punish 2
  • ullus -a -um
    - any1
  • ulterior -ioris
    - more distant, further removed; next; farthest 1
  • ultra prep.
    - beyond. 1
  • ultro adv. and prep. with acc.
    - further, on the farther side; furthermore1
  • unde adv.
    - from where.... whence " 1
  • undecem num.
    - eleven" 2
  • undique adv.
    - from all sides 1
  • unus -a -um
    - one 1
  • urgeo -ere ursi (urgueo)
    - press urge; urge on; press on hard (mil.); crowd around1
  • usus -us m.
    - use; possession and use; usage 1
  • ut uti
    - a) that; so that; how how as that.; b) as.. 1
  • uter -ra -rum
    - either; either one (of two!);which whichever. 1
  • uterque utraque utrumque
    - either one (of a set of two) 2
  • utilis -is
    - useful; servicable; profitable effective 3
  • utor uti usus dep.
    - use, make us of (obj. in abl.), employ;. 1
  • vaco -are
    - be empty vacant (of land) be destitute of. needy. 2
  • vacuus -ua -uum
    - empty, unoccupied2
  • vadum -i n.
    - a ford on a river; shallows hoals, the sea seas 1
  • vagor -ari
    - wander roam about 2
  • valeo -ere -ui
    - be healthy, strong; prevail, win out; have the strength to... 1
  • valles -is f.
    - valley, vale, a hollow 3
  • vallum -i n.
    - a palisade (wooden poles); fortification (mil.) 2
  • varius -a -um
    - varied; varied in nature number or color 1
  • vasto -are
    - lay waste, ravage, devastate 2
  • vel adv.
    - or (As "vel... vel... " = "either.. or").1
  • velox -ocis
    - fast speedy quick. 1
  • velum -i n.
    - sail, sailcloth, cloth covering 1
  • velut veluti adv. conj.
    - just as, as if just,as if... 1
  • vendo -ere vendidi venditum
    - sell; be up for sale hireable 1
  • venio -ire v�ni ventum
    - come (with many sub-meanings) 1
  • ventus -i m.
    - sailing wind; breeze; the changeable wind 1
  • verbum -i n.
    - a word There are any idiomatic uses..1
  • vereor -eri -itus
    - be afraid fear; be respectful to respect ("I fear that" is vereor ne.+subj.) 1
  • vergo -ere versi versum
    - incline slide down; incline toward..(an idea person)2
  • verso -are
    - turn around spin about; turn (over the earth); veer 2
  • verto -ere versi versum
    - revolve, rotate; spin. 1
  • verus -a -um
    - true; truthful; factual; honest nd decent. 1
  • vesper -eris (or -eri)m.
    - the evening; the evening star; the West 2
  • vestigium -i n.
    - footprint; track; trace vestige; imprint (2
  • vetus -eris
    - old, aged, experienced; ancient 1
  • vexo -are
    - shake, shake up; annoy vex 2
  • via -ae f.
    - road, roadway; highway; path. A "way "= means to do... 1
  • victor -oris m.
    - conqueror2
  • victoria -ae f.
    - victory; conquest 3
  • victus -us m.
    - food, nourishment for life (vivo) 2
  • vicus -i m.
    - a village; section, district of a town 2
  • video -ere vidi visum
    - see. perceive 1
  • vigilia -iae f.
    - being awake, insomnia; a "watch" (mil); vigilance carefulness 1
  • viginti
    - twenty (2
  • vincio -ire vinxi vinctum
    - bind tie up; encompass 2
  • vinco -ere v�ci victum
    - conquer win over; subdue 1
  • vinea -ae f.
    - vineyard vine-shed; protective shed for soldiers attacking a fortification 2
  • vir -i m.
    - a (grown) man. adult male; husband; 1
  • virtus -tutis f.
    - manliness courage, manly strength = "virtue"1
  • vis acc. vim; abl. vi. n. pl. vires -ium etc.
    - power violence; a military "force" 1
  • vix adv.
    - hardly, barely, scarcely 1
  • volo velle volui
    - wish; want desire; desire that... ; require 1
  • voluntas -tatis f.
    - will,wish, desire; preference 1
  • vox -cis f.
    - voice; sound of a voice; a word 1
  • vulgus -i n.
    - the common people; the public; a crowd; the rabble 1
  • vulnero -are
    - wound 2
  • vulnus -eris n.
    - a wound2