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Terms in this set (43)
Distal Tuft Injury
Fingertip injury/ fracture
Swan Neck Deformity
Deformity in which the DIP joint is flexed and the PIP is hyperextended
DIP joint is flexed
Fracture of 4th or 5th metacarpal caused by axial loading injury
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Wrist pain caused by pressure on the median nerve due to compression of the carpal tunnel
Distal radius fracture with dorsal displacement of hand
Ulnar Styloid Fracture
Fracture of the styloid process of the ulna
Distal Radius Fracture
Fracture of the radial bone near the wrist joint
Fracture of the ulnar bone (distal, proximal, mid-shaft)
Fracture of the radial bone (distal, proximal, mid-shaft)
"Tennis elbow". Degeneration of the tendons that attach to lateral epicondyle
"Golfer's elbow". Degeneration of tendons that attach to medial epicondyle.
Inflammation of the upper biceps tendon causing pain over the anterior shoulder
Biceps tendon tear
partial or complete. most commonly due to trauma. causes pain and bruising to the arm
Rotator cuff injury
Injury or irritation to the muscles and tendons around the shoulder causing pain with movement of the shoulder, especially abduction
Acromioclavicular (AC) joint separation
Partial or complete tear of the AC ligament causing a separation in the AC joint. Common cause is direct blow or fall onto shoulder with adducted arm
Inflammation of the tendons of the rotator cuff causing pain and ↓ ROM
↓ ROM of the shoulder due to stiffness of the muscles surrounding the shoulder causing adhesions to form.
Pelvic ramus fracture
Fracture of pubic ramus (pleural is pubic rami)
Inflammation of the sacroiliac (SI) joint.
Femoral neck fracture
Fracture of the neck of the femur
Intertrochanteric hip fracture
Fracture between the two trochanters of the femur
A tear in one of the ligaments of the knee (ACL, MCL, LCL, or PCL). Commonly caused by sports injury or other trauma.
A tear in the meniscus which is the cartilage that acts as a cushion for the joint.
Fluid accumulation in the joint caused either by arthritis or trauma related. May requires arthrocentesis.
Medial + lateral + patellofemoral compartments = Tricompartmental
Painful infection of the joint. Medical emergency that requires surgery.
A stretch or a tear in one of the ligaments surrounding the ankle causing pain and swelling.
Medial malleolus fracture
Fracture of the medial malleolus located at the distal tibia bone
Lateral malleolus fracture
Fracture of the lateral malleolus which is the area at the distal end of the fibula
Posterior malleolus fracture
Fracture of the posterior malleolus which is located at the posterior aspect of the distal tibia
Anterolateral talofibular ligament injury
Most common ankle sprain caused by an inversion injury.
A fracture at the bottom of the tibia and or fibular
Fracture in the bone at the base of the ankle causing pain and inability to bear weight
5th metatarsal avulsion fracture typically caused by twisting of the foot and ankle.
A fracture, dislocation, or torn ligament in the midfoot causing an injury to the Lisfranc joint complex which provides stability to the midfoot
Irritation/ inflammation of plantar fascia usually caused by a small tear
Toes contract in a cocked position usually due to injury or arthritis
Achilles tendon ruptures
A compete tear in the Achilles tendon which connects gastroc and soleus muscles to the calcaneus
Lower back pain (lumbago)
Generally muscular strain or spasms
Irritation of sciatic nerve, causing lower back pain with radiation of pain to hips and lower extremity
Compression of spinal nerve in vertebral column by herniation of intervertebral disk
Abnormal curvature of the spine to the right or left side of body
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