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Colonies and Revolution & Founding a New Nation
Terms in this set (20)
What three nations colonized North America before the founding of the United States?
What country did not colonized North America before the founding of the United States?
What ideas did Magna Carta protect?
The right of private property
Guaranteed the right to a trial by jury
Enlightenment-What was it?
It was an intellectual movement...belief: all problems could be solved by human reason
John Locke-What did he believe?
People had natural rights that came from god...life liberty and the right to property
What was the problem with British success in dominating North America?
The British victory was expensive, nearly doubling the British national debt.
What did the British government say the colonists should do to take some responsibility for defeating the French in 1763?
British Parliament (their lawmaking branch) asserted that the colonists should pay taxes to help the Empire.
What are three things the English government didn't do to protect the natural rights of American Colonists?
The British government didn't get consent from the governed
The power of the British government wasn't limited
The British government didn't protect individual rights and freedoms
What was one thing the English government did to protect the natural rights of American Colonists?
Defend the colonies during the war with France
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
What three things were contained in the Declaration of Independence?
Ideas about the natural rights of people
The purposes of government
Reasons why the colonist had no choice but to rebel
What is not contained in the Declaration of Independence?
A description of the structure and powers of the United States Government
Republican government- What is it?
A government in which officials are representatives elected by the people
Articles of Confederation- What was it?
The first National Constitution
What did some "Patriots" fear after the Defeat of the British in the Revolutionary War?
Creation of another tyrannical or abusive government
A formal document that describes the structure, duties, responsibilities and roles of a government
What had more power under the Articles of Confederation government?
The power remained with the states
What were three causes of Shay's Rebellion
The National Government owed veterans of the Revolutionary War pension or retirement money
Many veterans were farmers and had land debts
When they couldn't pay the bank and lost their farms many were angry and wanted to rebel
What didn't cause Shay's Rebellion?
A British conspiracy to take back control of the American Colonies
What did Shay's Rebellion reveal about the government under the Articles of Confederation did Shay's Rebellion?
Highlighted the weakness of the national government
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