15 terms

Basic Skills Map Vocabulary

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Geographia
To map, chart, write about, or describe Earth.
Map
A visual representation (a picture) of Earth's surface, or a portion of it.
Mental Map
A map we carry in our minds.
Cartography
The science of mapmaking.
Scale
Shows accurate size and shape on a map.
Legend
Shows what the symbols on a map mean.
Compass Rose
Shows direction on a map.
Hemisphere
Divides Earth in half, either north and south, or east and west.
Equator
Imaginary line that divides Earth into a northern and southern half.
Prime Meridian
Divides Earth into an eastern and western half.
Antimeridian
Located at 180 degrees longitude.
Latitude
Imaginary lines that run parallel to the equator.
Longitude
Imaginary lines that run from pole to pole.
Grid System
How we find location on a map.
Great Circle Route
The shortest distance between two points on Earth.
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